Kuta, aka: Kuṭa, Kūṭa; 12 Definition(s)


Kuta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Kūṭa (कूट):—The word, kūṭa, gives several meanings of which one is “the summit or peak of a mountain”. It also means “end” or “corner”. According to the Amarakośa (vv. 1072, 641), kūṭa stands for a heap of grains or the summit of a mountain, synonymous with śikhara or śṛṅga.

Source: murugan: Trimurti Orientation in Medieval South Indian Temples
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Kūṭa (कूट).—One of the pugilists deputed by Kaṃsa to kill Śrī Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma when they went to Mathurā to witness the dhanuryajña. Cāṇūra, Muṣṭika, Śala and Kosala were the other prominent pugilists deputed by Kaṃsa for the purpose. (Bhāgavata, 10th Skandha).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Kūṭa (कूट).—A Malla friend of Kaṃsā. Killed by Balarāma.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 42. 37; 44. 26.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Kūṭa (कूट).—Representation of a square pavilion (occasionally circular, octagonal or stellate), with domical roof; generally constituting the superstructure of an alpa-vimāna or kūṭa-aedicule.

Source: Google Books: Indian Temple Architecture: Form and Transformation

Kūṭa (कूट).—Type of pavillion found sculptured on the hāra (parapet of the temple);—Kūta is a square pavilion. Texts mention that the kūṭa can be circular or octagonal. But only square pavilions are noticed. It is built like any other structure on an elevated and moulded plinth. It consists of four pillars and is covered with a canopy, which is square at the bottom and sloped and rounded in the apex. It is crowned by a single stūpi (finial). The canopy of the kūṭa is to be decorated on all its four sides by alpanāsis. The synonymous term for the kūṭa is “sauṣṭika”.

In the elevation in between the pillars relief sculptures are also often carved. In the parapet, the kūṭa are generally carved at the comers. Therefore, it is called by the name ‘karṇakūṭa’. If the plan of the temple consists of pratikarṇas, at that part also a kūṭa pavilion will be carved in the parapet.

Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Kūṭa (कूट) refers to “peak” or “summit” of a mountain (giri) according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains [viz., Kūṭa], jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

kuṭa : (m.; nt.) a water pot. || kūṭa (adj.), false fraudulent; deceitful; untamed. (m.; nt.), the top; prominence; peak; ridge; pinnacle; a hammer. (nt.), falsehood; deceit.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Kūṭa, 4 (adj.) (Sk. kūṭa, not horned; *(s)qer to cut, mutilate, curtail, cp. Lat. caro, curtus; also Sk kṛdhu maimed. The expln of kuṭ as “chede, ” or “chedane” (cutting) at Dhtp 90, 555; Dhtm 115, 526, 781 may refer to this kūṭa. See also kuṭṭa) without horns, i.e. harmless, of goṇa a draught bullock Vin. IV, 5=J. I, 192 (in play of words with kūṭa deceitful J. trsl. misses the point & translates “rascal”). These maimed oxen (cows & calves) are represented as practically useless & sluggish in similes at Vism. 268, 269: kūṭa-goṇa- (so read for °poṇa)—yutta-ratha a cart to which such a bullock is harnessed (uppathaṃ dhāvati runs the wrong way); kūṭa-dhenuyā khīraṃ pivitvā kūṭa-vaccho, etc., such a calf lies still at the post.—Kūṭa-danta as Np. should prob. belong here, thus meaning “ox-tooth” (derisively) (D. I, 127; Vism. 208), with which may be compared danta-kūṭa (see under danta). (Page 225)

2) Kūṭa, 3 (nt.) (*qolā to beat; cp. Lat. clava; Gr. klάw, koλos, and also Sk. khaḍga; Lat. clades, procello; Gr. kladarόs. The expln of kuṭ3 at Dhtp 557 & Dhtm 783 is “āko ṭane”) a hammer, usually as aya° an iron sledge hammer J. I, 108; or ayo° PvA. 284; ayomaya° Sn. 669; kammāra° Vism. 254. (Page 225)

3) Kūṭa, 2 (m. nt.) (Vedic kūṭa horn, bone of the forehead, prominence, point, *qele to jut forth, be prominent; cp. Lat. celsus, collis, columen; Gr. kolwnόs kolofw/n; Ags. holm, E. hill) — (a) prominence, top (cp. koṭi), in abbha° ridge of the cloud Vv I. 1 (=sikhara); aṃsa° shoulder, clavicle, VvA. 121, 123 pabbata° mountain peak Vin. II, 193; J. I, 73. Cp. koṭa.—(b) the top of a house, roof, pinnacle A. I, 261; Vv 784 (=kaṇṇikā VvA. 304); gaha° Dh. 154; PvA. 55. Cp. also kūṭāgāra.—(c) a heap, an accumulation, in saṅkāra° dust-heap M. II, 7; PvA. 144.—(d) the topmost point, in phrase desanāya kūṭaṃ gahetvā or desanā kūtaṃ gaṇhanto “leading up to the climax of the instruction” J. I, 275, 393, 401; V, 151; VI, 478; VvA. 243. Cp. arahattena kūṭaṃ gaṇhanto J. I, 114; arahattaphalena k. gaṇhiṃ ThA. 99.

—aṅga the shoulder Vv 158 (=VvA. 123). —âgāra (nt.) a building with a peaked roof or pinnacles, possibly gabled; or with an upper storey Vin. I, 268; S. II, 103= V. 218; III, 156; IV, 186; V, 43, 75, 228; A. I, 101, 261; III, 10, 364; IV, 231; V, 21; Pv III, 17; 221; Vv 82 (=ratanamayakaṇṇikāya bandhaketuvanto VvA. 50); VvA. 6 (upari°, with upper storey) v. l. kuṭṭhāgāra; PvA. 282 (°dhaja with a flag on the summit); DhA. IV, 186. In cpds. : —° matta as big as an upper chamber J. I, 273; Miln. 67;—°sālā a pavilion (see description of Maṇḍalamāḷa at DA. I, 43) Vin. III, 15, 68, 87; IV, 75; D. I, 150; S. II, 103=V. 218; IV, 186. —(n)gama going towards the point (of the roof), converging to the summit S. II, 263= III, 156=V. 43; —ṭṭha standing erect, straight, immovable, in phrase vañjha k° esikaṭṭhāyin D. I, 14=56= S. III, 211=M. I, 517 (expl. DA. I, 105 by pabbatakūṭaṃ viya ṭhita); —poṇa at Vism. 268 is to be read °goṇa: see kūṭa4. (Page 225)

4) Kūṭa, 1 (nt.) (Dhtp 472 & Dhtm 526 expl. kuṭ of kūṭa1 by koṭille (koṭilye), cp. Sk. kūṭa trap, cp. Gr. paleu/w to trap birds) a trap, a snare; fig. falsehood, deceit. As trap J. I, 143 (kūṭapāsādi); IV, 416 (expln paṭicchannapāsa). As deceit, cheating in formula tulā° kaṃsa° māna° “cheating with weight, coin and measure” (DA. I, 78=vañcana) D. I, 5=III, 176=S. V, 473=M. I, 180 =A. II, 209; V, 205=Pug. 58. māna° PvA. 278.—As adj. false, deceitful, cheating, see cpds.—Note. kūṭe J. I, 145 ought to be read kuṭe (antokuṭe padīpo viya, cp. ghaṭa).

—aṭṭa a false suit, in °kāra a false suitor J. II, 2; DhA. I, 353; —jaṭila a fraudulent ascetic J. I, 375; DhA. I, 40; —māna false measure PvA. 191; —vāṇija a false-trader Pv III, 42; PvA. 191; —vinicchayikatā a lie (false discrimination) PvA. 210. —vedin lier, calumniator J. IV, 177. (Page 225)

— or —

Kuṭa, a pitcher Vv 509; J. I, 120; DhA. II, 19, 261; III, 18. Kuṭa is to be read at J. I, 145 for kūṭa (antokuṭe padīpo viya; cp. ghaṭa). Note. Kuṭa at DhsA. 263 stands for kūṭa3 sledge-hammer. (Page 219)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

kuṭā (कुटा).—m (kuṭaṇēṃ) Powder of pounded lāhyā. 2 Fragments of powder (as of dried fish.) 3 R The seed of the Jack or of some species of Nymphæa pounded up with pepper and salt &c.

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kūṭa (कूट).—n (kuṭaṇēṃ) Powdered peppers &c.: also the powder or fine fragments amongst husked rice. kūṭa kāḍhaṇēṃ g. of o. To beat soundly.

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kūṭa (कूट).—n (S) An enigma; a puzzling question in arithmetic; a knotty point; an obscure, perplexing stanza or passage. 2 A confederacy, combination, league: also a concerted scheme or plot. 3 A point connected with the horoscopes of two parties to be married. These are varṇa, vaśya, bha, yōni, khēcara, gaṇa, kūṭa, nāḍī. 4 The peak of a mountain; a heap of grain &c. 5 Falsehood or fraud.

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kūta (कूत).—m Force or vigor of fulness or prime (as of a disease, of rain, wind, heat, a quarrel &c.) Hence fig. Impatient eagerness towards some action; strong impulse; itching. v yē, hō, jira, mura. Also literally the full presence and prevalence of the itch. v yē, mōḍa.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kuṭā (कुटा).—m Powder of pounded lāhyā. Frag- ments of powder (of dried fish &c.).

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kūṭa (कूट).—n An enigma, a puzzling question, a knotty point, a perplexing passage. A confederacy, league; also a con- certed scheme or plot. Falsehood, fraud.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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