Kuta, Kuṭa, Kūṭa: 20 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kuta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: murugan: Trimurti Orientation in Medieval South Indian Temples

Kūṭa (कूट):—The word, kūṭa, gives several meanings of which one is “the summit or peak of a mountain”. It also means “end” or “corner”. According to the Amarakośa (vv. 1072, 641), kūṭa stands for a heap of grains or the summit of a mountain, synonymous with śikhara or śṛṅga.

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context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kūṭa (कूट).—One of the pugilists deputed by Kaṃsa to kill Śrī Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma when they went to Mathurā to witness the dhanuryajña. Cāṇūra, Muṣṭika, Śala and Kosala were the other prominent pugilists deputed by Kaṃsa for the purpose. (Bhāgavata, 10th Skandha).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kūṭa (कूट).—A Malla friend of Kaṃsā. Killed by Balarāma.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 42. 37; 44. 26.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Google Books: Indian Temple Architecture: Form and Transformation

Kūṭa (कूट).—Representation of a square pavilion (occasionally circular, octagonal or stellate), with domical roof; generally constituting the superstructure of an alpa-vimāna or kūṭa-aedicule.

Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD

Kūṭa (कूट).—Type of pavillion found sculptured on the hāra (parapet of the temple);—Kūta is a square pavilion. Texts mention that the kūṭa can be circular or octagonal. But only square pavilions are noticed. It is built like any other structure on an elevated and moulded plinth. It consists of four pillars and is covered with a canopy, which is square at the bottom and sloped and rounded in the apex. It is crowned by a single stūpi (finial). The canopy of the kūṭa is to be decorated on all its four sides by alpanāsis. The synonymous term for the kūṭa is “sauṣṭika”.

In the elevation in between the pillars relief sculptures are also often carved. In the parapet, the kūṭa are generally carved at the comers. Therefore, it is called by the name ‘karṇakūṭa’. If the plan of the temple consists of pratikarṇas, at that part also a kūṭa pavilion will be carved in the parapet.

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context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Kūṭa (कूट) refers to “peak” or “summit” of a mountain (giri) according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains [viz., Kūṭa], jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Kuṭa (कुट) refers to a “tree”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 17.22. Kuṭa, as in kucakuṭa, also refers to a “pot”, as mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 18.26.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kūṭa.—(IA 7), cf. Rāṣṭrakūṭa, Deśakūṭa, Grāmakūṭa. Note: kūṭa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kuṭa : (m.; nt.) a water pot. || kūṭa (adj.), false fraudulent; deceitful; untamed. (m.; nt.), the top; prominence; peak; ridge; pinnacle; a hammer. (nt.), falsehood; deceit.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Kūṭa, 4 (adj.) (Sk. kūṭa, not horned; *(s)qer to cut, mutilate, curtail, cp. Lat. caro, curtus; also Sk kṛdhu maimed. The explanation of kuṭ as “chede, ” or “chedane” (cutting) at Dhtp 90, 555; Dhtm 115, 526, 781 may refer to this kūṭa. See also kuṭṭa) without horns, i.e. harmless, of goṇa a draught bullock Vin. IV, 5=J. I, 192 (in play of words with kūṭa deceitful J. trsl. misses the point & translates “rascal”). These maimed oxen (cows & calves) are represented as practically useless & sluggish in similes at Vism. 268, 269: kūṭa-goṇa- (so read for °poṇa)—yutta-ratha a cart to which such a bullock is harnessed (uppathaṃ dhāvati runs the wrong way); kūṭa-dhenuyā khīraṃ pivitvā kūṭa-vaccho, etc., such a calf lies still at the post.—Kūṭa-danta as Np. should prob. belong here, thus meaning “ox-tooth” (derisively) (D. I, 127; Vism. 208), with which may be compared danta-kūṭa (see under danta). (Page 225)

2) Kūṭa, 3 (nt.) (*qolā to beat; cp. Lat. clava; Gr. klάw, koλos, and also Sk. khaḍga; Lat. clades, procello; Gr. kladarόs. The explanation of kuṭ3 at Dhtp 557 & Dhtm 783 is “āko ṭane”) a hammer, usually as aya° an iron sledge hammer J. I, 108; or ayo° PvA. 284; ayomaya° Sn. 669; kammāra° Vism. 254. (Page 225)

3) Kūṭa, 2 (m. nt.) (Vedic kūṭa horn, bone of the forehead, prominence, point, *qele to jut forth, be prominent; cp. Lat. celsus, collis, columen; Gr. kolwnόs kolofw/n; Ags. holm, E. hill) — (a) prominence, top (cp. koṭi), in abbha° ridge of the cloud Vv I. 1 (=sikhara); aṃsa° shoulder, clavicle, VvA. 121, 123 pabbata° mountain peak Vin. II, 193; J. I, 73. Cp. koṭa.—(b) the top of a house, roof, pinnacle A. I, 261; Vv 784 (=kaṇṇikā VvA. 304); gaha° Dh. 154; PvA. 55. Cp. also kūṭāgāra.—(c) a heap, an accumulation, in saṅkāra° dust-heap M. II, 7; PvA. 144.—(d) the topmost point, in phrase desanāya kūṭaṃ gahetvā or desanā kūtaṃ gaṇhanto “leading up to the climax of the instruction” J. I, 275, 393, 401; V, 151; VI, 478; VvA. 243. Cp. arahattena kūṭaṃ gaṇhanto J. I, 114; arahattaphalena k. gaṇhiṃ ThA. 99.

4) Kūṭa, 1 (nt.) (Dhtp 472 & Dhtm 526 expl. kuṭ of kūṭa1 by koṭille (koṭilye), cp. Sk. kūṭa trap, cp. Gr. paleu/w to trap birds) a trap, a snare; fig. falsehood, deceit. As trap J. I, 143 (kūṭapāsādi); IV, 416 (explanation paṭicchannapāsa). As deceit, cheating in formula tulā° kaṃsa° māna° “cheating with weight, coin and measure” (DA. I, 78=vañcana) D. I, 5=III, 176=S. V, 473=M. I, 180 =A. II, 209; V, 205=Pug. 58. māna° PvA. 278.—As adj. false, deceitful, cheating, see cpds.—Note. kūṭe J. I, 145 ought to be read kuṭe (antokuṭe padīpo viya, cp. ghaṭa).

— or —

Kuṭa, a pitcher Vv 509; J. I, 120; DhA. II, 19, 261; III, 18. Kuṭa is to be read at J. I, 145 for kūṭa (antokuṭe padīpo viya; cp. ghaṭa). Note. Kuṭa at DhsA. 263 stands for kūṭa3 sledge-hammer. (Page 219)

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context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kuṭā (कुटा).—m (kuṭaṇēṃ) Powder of pounded lāhyā. 2 Fragments of powder (as of dried fish.) 3 R The seed of the Jack or of some species of Nymphæa pounded up with pepper and salt &c.

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kūṭa (कूट).—n (kuṭaṇēṃ) Powdered peppers &c.: also the powder or fine fragments amongst husked rice. kūṭa kāḍhaṇēṃ g. of o. To beat soundly.

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kūṭa (कूट).—n (S) An enigma; a puzzling question in arithmetic; a knotty point; an obscure, perplexing stanza or passage. 2 A confederacy, combination, league: also a concerted scheme or plot. 3 A point connected with the horoscopes of two parties to be married. These are varṇa, vaśya, bha, yōni, khēcara, gaṇa, kūṭa, nāḍī. 4 The peak of a mountain; a heap of grain &c. 5 Falsehood or fraud.

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kūta (कूत).—m Force or vigor of fulness or prime (as of a disease, of rain, wind, heat, a quarrel &c.) Hence fig. Impatient eagerness towards some action; strong impulse; itching. v yē, hō, jira, mura. Also literally the full presence and prevalence of the itch. v yē, mōḍa.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kuṭā (कुटा).—m Powder of pounded lāhyā. Frag- ments of powder (of dried fish &c.).

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kūṭa (कूट).—n An enigma, a puzzling question, a knotty point, a perplexing passage. A confederacy, league; also a con- certed scheme or plot. Falsehood, fraud.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kuṭa (कुट).—[kuṭ-kam] A water pot, a jar, pitcher.

-ṭaḥ 1 A fort, strong-hold.

2) A hammer.

3) A tree.

4) A house.

5) A mountain.

Derivable forms: kuṭaḥ (कुटः), kuṭam (कुटम्).

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Kūṭa (कूट).—a.

1) False; as in कूटाः स्युः पूर्वसाक्षिणः (kūṭāḥ syuḥ pūrvasākṣiṇaḥ) Y.2.8; दुस्तोषः कूटयोगिनाम् (dustoṣaḥ kūṭayoginām) Bhāg.2.9.19.

2) Immovable, steady.

3) Despised.

-ṭaḥ, -ṭam 1 Fraud, illusion, deception.

2) A trick, fraudulent or roguish scheme; अक्षकूटमधि- ष्ठाय हृतं दुर्योधनेन वै (akṣakūṭamadhi- ṣṭhāya hṛtaṃ duryodhanena vai) Mb.3.33.3.

3) A puzzling question, knotty or intricate point, as in कूटश्लोक, कूटान्योक्ति (kūṭaśloka, kūṭānyokti); वाचः कूटं तु देवर्षेः स्वयं विभमृशुर्धिया (vācaḥ kūṭaṃ tu devarṣeḥ svayaṃ vibhamṛśurdhiyā) Bhāg.6.5.1.

4) Falsehood, untruth; oft. used in comp. with the force of an adjective; °वचनम् (vacanam) false or deceitful words; °तुला, °मानम् (tulā, °mānam) &c.

5) A summit or peak of a mountain; वर्धयन्निव तत्कूटानु- द्धतैर्धातुरेणुभिः (vardhayanniva tatkūṭānu- ddhatairdhātureṇubhiḥ) R.4.71, Me.115; Māl.5.32.

6) Any projection or prominence.

7) The bone of the forehead with its projections, the crown of the head.

8) A horn, सम्परेतमयःकूटैश्छिन्दन्त्युत्थितमन्यवः (samparetamayaḥkūṭaiśchindantyutthitamanyavaḥ) Bhāg.4.25.8.

9) End, corner; Y.3.96.

1) Head, chief.

11) A heap, mass, multitude; अभ्रकूटम् (abhrakūṭam) 'a heap of clouds'; so अन्नकूटम् (annakūṭam) 'a heap of food'; Mv.6.32.

12) A hammer, an iron mallet.

13) A plough-share, the body of a plough.

14) A trap for catching deer; नश्येदभिमृशन्सद्यो मृगः कूट- मिव स्पृशन् (naśyedabhimṛśansadyo mṛgaḥ kūṭa- miva spṛśan) Mb.12.68.52.

15) A concealed weapon, as a dagger in a woollen case or a sword in a stick.

16) A water-jar.

17) The door of a city; निर्ययुर्भवनात्त- स्मात्कूटमुद्गरपाणयः (niryayurbhavanātta- smātkūṭamudgarapāṇayaḥ) Rām.5.42.25.

18) A false coin; कूटं हि निषादानामेवोपकारकं न आर्याणाम् (kūṭaṃ hi niṣādānāmevopakārakaṃ na āryāṇām) ŚB. on MS.6.1.52.

-ṭaḥ 1 A house, dwelling.

2) An ox whose horns are broken.

3) An epithet of Agastya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuṭa (कुट).—mn.

(-ṭaḥ-ṭaṃ) 1. A water pot. mf. (-ṭaḥ-ṭī) A house; also kuṭi. m.

(-ṭaḥ) 1. A fort, a strong hold. 2. A tree: see kuṭha. 3. A hammer, a mallet for breaking small stones. 4. A mountain. f. (-ṭī) 1. A kind of perfume, commonly Mura. 2. A bawd, a procuress or go-between. 3. A nosegay, a bandle or tuft of flowers or vegetables. E. kuṭ to go crookedly, &c. ka aff.

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Kūṭa (कूट).—mf. (-ṭaḥ-ṭī) A house, a dwelling: see kuṭa mn.

(-ṭaḥ-ṭaṃ) 1. The peak or summit of a mountain. 2. A water-jar. 3. A heap of grain, &c. 4. Uniform and elementary substance. 5. A hammer, a mallet. 6. A plough-share. 7. The body of a plough. 8. A trap for catching deer. 9. A concealed weapon, as a dagger in a wooden case, a swordcane, &c. 10. Illusion. 11. Fraud, trick, deceit, 12. Untruth, Falsehood (or attributively,) false, untrue. 13. Vile, low. 14. An ox whose horns are broken. m.

(-ṭaḥ) The name of a saint, also named Agastya. E. kūṭ to confuse, to withhold, ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kūṭa (कूट).—I. m. and n. 1. The head, Mahābhārata 16, 110. 2. Top, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 95, 24. 3. The peak or summit of a mountain, Mahābhārata 1, 1172. 4. Chief, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 2, 9, 19. 5. A multitude, a heap, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 13, 15 6. A hammer, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 25, 6. 7. A trap, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 17, 6. 8. An enigma; vācaḥ kūṭa, enigmatic speech, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 6, 5, 29. Ii. adj. 1. Untrue, false, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 80; 2, 241 (viz. coin). 2. Insidious, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 90 (concealed in wood, [Kullūka Schol. ed. [Mānavadharmaśāstra]]; cf. kūṭa-khaḍga).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kūṭa (कूट).—1. [neuter] bone of the forehead, horn; peak, point, heap, mass (also [masculine]); trap, snare, fraud, deceit, falsehood.

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Kūṭa (कूट).—2. [adjective] not horned (ox etc.); false, deceitful.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kuṭa (कुट):—[from kuṭ] mn. a house, family (cf. kuṭi), [Ṛg-veda i, 46, 4] ([?= kṛta, [Nirukta, by Yāska v, 24]])

2) [v.s. ...] a water-pot, pitcher, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] m. a fort, stronghold, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a hammer, mallet for breaking small stones, ax, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] a mountain, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a man [gana] aśvādi and kurv-ādi ([also, [Ṛg-veda i, 46, 4], [according to] to [Grassmann]])

8) Kuta (कुत):—m. Name of one of the eighteen attendants of the sun (identified with the god of the ocean), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) Kūṭa (कूट):—n. the bone of the forehead with its projections or prominences, horn, [Ṛg-veda x, 102, 4; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]

10) a kind of vessel or implement, [Kauśika-sūtra 16]

11) mn. any prominence or projection (e.g. aṃsa-k, akṣi-k, qq.vv.)

12) summit, peak or summit of a mountain, [Mahābhārata] etc.

13) summit, head id est. the highest, most excellent, first, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa ii, 9, 19]

14) a heap, multitude (e.g. abhra-k, a multitude of clouds), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

15) part of a plough, ploughshare, body of a plough, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) an iron mallet, [Mahābhārata xvi, 4, 6]

17) a trap for catching deer, concealed weapon (as a dagger in a wooden case, sword-stick, etc.), [Rāmāyaṇa; Pañcatantra]

18) (as, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]; am) illusion, fraud, trick, untruth, falsehood, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) a puzzling question, enigma, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa vi, 5, 10 and 29]

20) m. a kind of hall (= maṇḍapa), [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

21) Name of a particular constellation, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka xii, 8 and 16]

22) a subdivision of Graha-yuddha, [Sūryasiddhānta]

23) a mystical Name of the letter kṣa, [Rāmatāpanīya-upaniṣad]

24) Name of Agastya (cf. kuṭaja), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

25) of an enemy of Viṣṇu, [Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa x]

26) mn. uniform substance (as the etherial element, etc.), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

27) a water-jar, [Harṣacarita]

28) a kind of plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

29) mf(ī). a house, dwelling (cf. kuṭa and kuṭī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

30) mf(ā)n. not horned or cornuted (as an animal with incomplete continuations of the bone of the forehead), [Atharva-veda xii, 4, 3; Taittirīya-saṃhitā i; Kāṭhaka] etc.

31) false, untrue, deceitful, [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

32) base (as coins), [Yājñavalkya ii, 241]

33) m. an ox whose horns are broken, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

34) n. counterfeited objects (of a merchant), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka xiv, 3.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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