Arakuta, Ārakūṭa, Ara-kuta: 7 definitions

Introduction

Arakuta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Ārakūṭa (आरकूट) or Paittala refers to “brass”, representing materials used for the making of images (Hindu icons), as defined in the texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The materials listed in the Āgamas for the making of images are wood, stone, precious gems, metals, terracotta, laterite, earth, and a combination of two or three or more of the materials specified above. Icons are made from the mixture of pañca-loha (five metals), namely, copper, gold, silver, brass (ārakūṭa) and white lead. Bronze (kāṃsya) and Brass (ārakūṭa or paittala) are used for portable icons.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ārakūṭa (आरकूट) or Ārakūṭamaya refers to “brass”, representing the material of the liṅgas of the Aśvinidevas, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.12, where the Devas and Viṣṇu requested Viśvakarman for liṅgas for the achievement of the desires of all people:—“[...] at our bidding Viśvakarmā made liṅgas and gave them to the devas according to their status. [...] The Viśvedevas and the Vasus took silver liṅgas. O sage, the Aśvini devas took the brazen (Ārakūṭa-liṅga) and earthen liṅgas. [...] Thus different kinds of liṅgas were given to them by Viśvakarmā which the devas and the celestial sages worship regularly. After giving the devas the various liṅgas from a desire for their benefit, Viṣṇu explained the mode of worship of Śiva to me, Brahmā”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (A) next»] — Arakuta in Kavya glossary
Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Ārakūṭa (आरकूट) refers to a kind of brass (pittala), and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 9.28.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Arakuta in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ārakūṭa : (m.) brass.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ārakūṭa (आरकूट).—brass; उत्तप्तस्फुरदारकूटकपिलज्योतिर्ज्वलद्दीप्तिभिः (uttaptasphuradārakūṭakapilajyotirjvaladdīptibhiḥ) U.5.14. किमारकूटाभरणेन श्रियः (kimārakūṭābharaṇena śriyaḥ) N.

Derivable forms: ārakūṭaḥ (आरकूटः), ārakūṭam (आरकूटम्).

Ārakūṭa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms āra and kūṭa (कूट).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ārakūṭa (आरकूट).—mn.

(-ṭaḥ-ṭaṃ) Brass. E. āra what goes, and kūṭa a heap; composed of various materials.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ārakūṭa (आरकूट):—[=āra-kūṭa] [from āra] m. n. a kind of brass.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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