Citrakuta, aka: Citra-kuta, Citrakūṭā, Citrakūṭa; 9 Definition(s)
Citrakuta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Chitrakuta.
1) Citrakūṭa (चित्रकूट).—Name of a minor mountain (kṣudraparvata) situated in Bhārata, a region south of mount Meru, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. In the settlements (janapada) along these mountains dwell Āryas and Mlecchas who drink water from the rivers flowing there. Meru is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, which is ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.
2) Citrakūṭā (चित्रकूटा).—Name of a river originating from Ṛkṣa, a holy mountain (kulaparvata) in Bhārata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. There are settlements (janapada) where Āryas and Mlecchas dwell who drink water from these rivers.
Bhārata is a region south of Hemādri, once ruled over by Bharata (son of Ṛṣabha), whose ancestral lineage can be traced back to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.(Source): Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
1a) Citrakūṭa (चित्रकूट).—A hill in Bhāratavarṣa; sacred to Sītā and to Pitṛs.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 19. 16; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 23; III. 13. 38. Matsya-purāṇa 13. 39; 52. 65.
1b) A hill in Kuśadvīpa.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 15.
1c) R. from Ṛkṣa (Ṛṣyavanta, Matsya-purāṇa) in Bhāratavarṣa.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 30; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 25; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 99.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Citrakūṭa (चित्रकूट) refers to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Vairāja, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 49. The Vairāja group contains twenty-four out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under five prime vimānas (aerial car/palace), which were created by Brahmā for as many gods (including himself). The group represents temples (eg. Citrakūṭa) that are to be square shaped. The prāsādas, or ‘temples’, represent the dwelling place of God and are to be built in towns. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.
Citrakūṭa is mentioned in another list from the Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 56, being part of the group named Miśraka, containing 9 unique temple varieties.
Citrakūṭa is found in another list in the Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra, chapter 60, where it is mentioned in a list of thirty-six Prāsādas (temples) having activities of the townsmen entailing Sādhārās.(Source): Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Citrakūṭa (चित्रकूट) refers to the name of a Mountain or Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.83.55). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Citrakūṭa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
Katha (narrative stories)
1) Citrakūṭa (चित्रकूट) is the name of an ancient king, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 28. Accordingly, “there was a young king named Suṣeṇa on the mountain of Citrakūṭa, who was created like another God of Love by the Creator to spite Śiva. He made at the foot of that great mountain a heavenly garden, which was calculated to make the gods averse to dwelling in the garden of Nandana. And in the middle of it he made a lake with full-blown lotuses, like a new productive bed for the lotuses with which the Goddess of Fortune plays. This lake had steps leading down into it made of splendid gems, and the king used to linger on its banks without a bride, because there were no eligible matches for him”.
2) Citrakūṭa (चित्रकूट) is the name of a city according to the story “Sattvaśīla and the two treasures” according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 35. Accordingly, “in the town of Citrakūṭa there was a king named Brāhmaṇavara, rightly named, for he was devoted to honouring Brāhmans”.
Citrakūṭa or Citrakūṭapura is also mentioned in the the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 56. Accordingly, “... then Candrasvāmin went with a merchant named Koṭīśvara to Citrakūta, crossing the sea in his ship. And in that city he found the merchant Kanakavarman, and longing tor his children, he told him the whole story”.
Citrakūṭa or Citrakūṭanagara is also mentioned in the twentieth story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 94. Accordingly, “... there is a city called Citrakūṭa, rightly so named, where the established divisions of the castes never step across the strict line of demarcation”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Citrakūṭa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Citrakūta (चित्रकूत): Chitrakūta was in mountain forests where Rama, Sita and Lakshmana spent eleven and half years of their exile; The hermitages of Vālmīki, Atri, Sati Anusuya, Dattatreya, Maharshi Markandeya, Sarbhanga, Sutikshna were here; and here the principal trinity of the Hindu pantheon, Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh, took their incarnations.(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism
General definition (in Jainism)
Citrakūṭa (चित्रकूट) is the name of a mountain which is situated along the east bank of the river Sitodā. On top of Citrakūṭa and Vicitrakūṭa are the temples of the Jinas. The river Sitodā is mentioned as flowing through Videha together with the Sitā river. Videha is one of the seven regions (kṣetra) of Jambūdvīpa according to Jaina cosmology. Jambūdvīpa sits at the centre of madhyaloka (‘middle world’) is the most important of all continents and it is here where human beings reside.(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Citrakūṭa (चित्रकूट).—Name of a hill and district near Prayāga; दृप्तः कुकुद्मानिव चित्रकूटः (dṛptaḥ kukudmāniva citrakūṭaḥ) R.12;15;13.47, U.1.
Derivable forms: citrakūṭaḥ (चित्रकूटः).
Citrakūṭa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms citra and kūṭa (कूट).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 13 books and stories containing Citrakuta, Citra-kuta, Citrakūṭā or Citrakūṭa. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
Chapter 16 - The Description of Bharata < [Section 2 - Anuṣaṅga-pāda]
Chapter 13 - Enumeration of holy spots (tīrtha) for Śrāddha < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 3 - The penance of Anasūyā and Atri < [Section 4 - Koṭirudra-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 5 - The death of the Brahmin lady and the greatness of Nandikeśvara < [Section 4 - Koṭirudra-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 37 - The letter of betrothal is despatched < [Section 2.3 - Rudra-saṃhitā (3): Pārvatī-khaṇḍa]
The Brahma Purana (by G. P. Bhatt)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 23: Description of Jambūdvīpa < [Chapter III - The initiation and omniscience of Ajita]
Part 5: Description of Vaitāḍhya < [Chapter III]
The Nilamata Purana (by Dr. Ved Kumari)
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)