Kusumayudha, Kusumāyudha, Kusuma-ayudha: 15 definitions


Kusumayudha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kusumayudha in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kusumāyudha (कुसुमायुध).—A name of Manmatha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 35. 62; Matsya-purāṇa 3. 10; 4. 11-2, 21; 14. 5-6.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Kusumayudha in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Kusumāyudha (कुसुमायुध) is the name of a Brāhman and the pupil of Devasvāmin from Candrapura, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 123. Accordingly, “... and he [Devasvāmin] had a young Brāhman pupil named Kusumāyudha, and that pupil and his daughter [Kamalalocanā] loved one another well”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Kusumāyudha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Kusumayudha in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Kusumāyudha (कुसुमायुध) refers to one of the eight Heroes (vīra-aṣṭaka) associated with Tisrapīṭha (located in the ‘end of sound’—nādānta), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] The eight Heroes (vīrāṣṭaka): Ṭaṅkadhārīśa, Koṭīśa, Sundara, Śaśāṅkin, Kṛtavāsa, Vasanta, Saṃtoṣa, Kusumāyudha

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Kusumayudha in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Kusumāyudha (कुसुमायुध) is another name for Māra, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 10).—Accordingly, “[Question: Why is he called Māra?]—[Answer].—He is called Māra because he carries off (harati) the āyuṣmat and because he destroys the good root of the dharmas of the Path and of the qualities (guṇa). The heretics (tīrthika) call him Yu tchou (Kāmādhipati), Houa tsien (Kusumāyudha) or also Wou tsien (Pañcāyudha). In the Buddhist texts, he is called Māra because he destroys all good works. His actions and works are called mārakarman”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Kusumayudha in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Kusumāyudha (कुसुमायुध) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Kusumāyudha] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Kusumāyudha (कुसुमायुध) is the name of a Garden, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.8 [The abandonment of Sītā] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “Just then a muni, named Aprameyabala, who had four kinds of knowledge, came to the garden Kusumāyudha. In that same place at night his brilliant omniscience appeared and the gods held an omniscience-festival. At dawn Rāma and Saumitri, Kumbhakarṇa and others, went and paid homage to him and then listened to dharma. [...]”.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kusumayudha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kusumāyudha (कुसुमायुध).—

1) a flowery arrow.

2) Name of the god of love; अभिनवः कुसुमेषुव्यापारः (abhinavaḥ kusumeṣuvyāpāraḥ) Māl. 1 (where the word may also be read as kusumeṣu vyāpāraḥ); तस्मै नमो भगवते कुसुमायुधाय (tasmai namo bhagavate kusumāyudhāya) Bhartṛhari 1.1; तव प्रसादात् कुसुमायुधोऽपि (tava prasādāt kusumāyudho'pi) Ku.; Ṛtusaṃhāra 6.34; Ch. P.19.24; R.7.61; Śiśupālavadha 8.7, so कुसुमशरबाणभावेन (kusumaśarabāṇabhāvena) Gītagovinda 1.

Derivable forms: kusumāyudhaḥ (कुसुमायुधः).

Kusumāyudha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kusuma and āyudha (आयुध). See also (synonyms): kusumāstra, kusumeṣu, kusumabāṇa, kusumaśara.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kusumāyudha (कुसुमायुध).—m.

(-dhaḥ) A name of Kamadeva. E. kusuma a flower, and āyudha a weapon: his shafts being tipped with flowers.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kusumāyudha (कुसुमायुध).—m. the god of love, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 6, 33.

Kusumāyudha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kusuma and āyudha (आयुध).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kusumāyudha (कुसुमायुध).—[masculine] = kusumaśara [masculine]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kusumāyudha (कुसुमायुध):—[from kusuma] m. ‘flower-armed’, Name of Kāma (the god of love, his arrows being tipped with flowers), [Śakuntalā; Bhartṛhari] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a Brāhman, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kusumāyudha (कुसुमायुध):—[kusumā+yudha] (dhaḥ) 1. m. Cupid.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kusumayudha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kusumayudha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kusumāyudha (ಕುಸುಮಾಯುಧ):—[noun] = ಕುಸುಮಬಾಣ [kusumabana].

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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