Kutagara, Kūṭāgāra, Kuta-agara: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Kutagara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Kutagara in Yoga glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (yoga)

Kūṭāgāra (कूटागार) refers to a “multi-storied palace”, according to the Amṛtasiddhi, a 12th-century text belonging to the Haṭhayoga textual tradition.—Accordingly, “[...] Bindu resides in Kāmarūpa in the hollow of the multi-storied palace (kūṭāgāra). Through pleasurable contact at Pūrṇagiri it travels along the Central Channel. Rajas resides in the great sacred field in the perineal region. It is as red as a javā flower and is supported by the Goddess element. [...]”.

Note: Kūṭāgāra is a common term in the Pali Canon, meaning “a building with a peaked roof or pinnacles, possibly gabled; or with an upper storey” (Rhys Davis and Stede 1921–1925, s.v. kūṭāgāra). It is also found in several Vajrayāna texts, where it refers to a “multi-storeyed palace” in the middle of a maṇḍala (Reigle 2012, 442). It is not found in Śaiva texts and is not recognised by the later north Indian and Nepali witnesses of the Amṛtasiddhi.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Kūṭāgāra (कूटागार) refers to a “pavilion”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “When the Lord revealed the exposition of the dharma, A Chapter of the Great Collection to Bodhisattvas, the great beings, the whole assembly thought that I am sitting in a pavilion [i.e., kūṭāgāra] in the vault of the sky”.

Note: Sanskrit: kūṭāgāra, Tibetan: khaṅ pa brtsegs pa; in Vedic, kūṭa means horn, bone of the forehead, prominence, point; in Pāli, kūṭāgāra means a building with a peaked roof or pinnacles, possibly gabled; or an upper story (PTSD: 225). For a discussion on the etymology of kūṭāgāra, see Vreese 1947: 323-325. The image of pavilions shining in the sky seems to be used for dramatic purpose, emphasizing the symbol of the text, namely the sky (gagana), in the introduction. The Sgm, the fifth chapter of the Msp, starts with a great flood as a symbolic event.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kutagara in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kūṭāgāra : (nt.) a pinnacle building, or such a temporary construction; a catafalque.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kūṭāgāra refers to: (nt.) a building with a peaked roof or pinnacles, possibly gabled; or with an upper storey Vin. I, 268; S. II, 103= V. 218; III, 156; IV, 186; V, 43, 75, 228; A. I, 101, 261; III, 10, 364; IV, 231; V, 21; Pv III, 17; 221; Vv 82 (=ratanamayakaṇṇikāya bandhaketuvanto VvA. 50); VvA. 6 (upari°, with upper storey) v. l. kuṭṭhāgāra; PvA. 282 (°dhaja with a flag on the summit); DhA. IV, 186. In cpds. : —° matta as big as an upper chamber J. I, 273; Miln. 67;—°sālā a pavilion (see description of Maṇḍalamāḷa at DA. I, 43) Vin. III, 15, 68, 87; IV, 75; D. I, 150; S. II, 103=V. 218; IV, 186.

Note: kūṭāgāra is a Pali compound consisting of the words kūṭa and agāra.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kūṭāgāra (कूटागार).—an apartment on the top of a house; कूटागारैश्च संपूर्णामि- न्द्रस्येवामरावतीम् (kūṭāgāraiśca saṃpūrṇāmi- ndrasyevāmarāvatīm) Rām.1.5.15.

Derivable forms: kūṭāgāram (कूटागारम्).

Kūṭāgāra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kūṭa and agāra (अगार).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kūṭāgāra (कूटागार).—nt., name of a city (in the south): Gaṇḍavyūha 185.24 etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kūṭāgāra (कूटागार).—n.

(-raṃ) An upper room, an apartment on the top of a house. E. kūṭa a peak, āgāra a house.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kūṭāgāra (कूटागार).—n. an apartment on the top of a house, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 12, 45.

Kūṭāgāra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kūṭa and āgāra (आगार).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kūṭāgāra (कूटागार).—[masculine] [neuter] upper room pleasure-house.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kūṭāgāra (कूटागार):—[from kūṭa] m. n. an upper room, apartment on the top of a house, [Rāmāyaṇa; Mṛcchakaṭikā; Caraka] etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kūṭāgāra (कूटागार):—[kūṭā+gāra] (raṃ) 1. n. An upper room.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kutagara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kūṭāgāra (ಕೂಟಾಗಾರ):—

1) [noun] a room where the husband and wife sleep.

2) [noun] a room atop a building.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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