Kusuma, Kusumā: 17 definitions

Introduction

Kusuma means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Kusumā (कुसुमा):—Name of one of the eight female deities (yoginīs) of the Yoginīcakra, according to tantric sources such as the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the Gorakṣa-saṃhita. She is also known as Kusumāyudhā. She is a variant of Kusuminī (or Kusumamālinī) who may be added as the seventh to the series of six according to the kubjikāmata-tantra. The male counterpart of Kusumā is the Bhairava named Saṃhāraka, who should be visualized mentally.

Kusumā (and the other eight yoginīs) arise forth from the body of the Bhairava named Saṃvarta, who is described as a furious deity (mahāraudra) with various fearsome characteristics. During worship, She is to be placed in a petal facing north-east. Kusumā has the head of a elephant (gaja) according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra. She has eight arms and is is greedy for flesh and liquor (piśitāsavalampaṭā). Her colour is blood-red (rudhirāruṇa).

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas

Kusuma (कुसुम) or Puṣpa refers to “fragrant flowers” and represents one of the various upacāras (offerings), in pūjā (ritual worship), as defined in the Śaivāgamas.—Pūjā consists of offering hospitality, in the form of water to wash the feet, to drink, water for ablutions, offering a bath, new clothes, fragrant unguents, fragrant flowers and ornaments, food and so on. Each step in the pūjā process is called “saṃskāra” and each offering is called “upacāra” [viz., Kusuma].

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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kusuma (कुसुम).—One of the five attendants given to Skandadeva by Dhātā. Kunda, Kusuma, Kumuda, Ḍambara and Āḍambara were the five attendants. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 39).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Kusuma (कुसुम).—A Vānara chief.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 231.

2a) Kusumā (कुसुमा).—A śaktī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 36. 76.

2b) The city founded by Udāyī on the south bank of the Ganges.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 132.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Kusuma (कुसुम) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.35) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kusuma) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Kusuma (कुसुम) refers to a “flower”, as mentioned in a list of eight synonyms, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Kusuma] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

Kusuma (कुसुम) or Puṣpayakṣa is the name of the Yakṣa accompanying Padmaprabha: the sixth of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—The books of Jainism assign to the sixth Tīrthaṃkara Padmaprabha the cihna or iconographic cognizance of a red lotus. His Kevala tree is called the Chatrābha. The attendant spirits are named Kusuma and Śyāmā (Digambara: Manovegā). The chowri-bearer, generally the contemporary king, is Yamadyuti by name.

Kusuma’s characteristic symbol, according to the Śvetāmbaras and Digambaras, is an antilope. Texts of both the sects, however, diverge with regard the objects held by him. The Śvetāmbara Yakṣa will have four hands holding a fruit and Abhaya (in the right liands) and a rosary and a mongoose, (in his left hands). The Yakṣa as known to Digambaras has a lance, Varada-mudrā, shield and Abhaya-mudrā in his lour hands.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kusuma : (nt.) a flower.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kusuma, (nt.) any flower J. III, 394 (°dāma); V, 37; PvA. 157 (=puppha); VvA. 42; Dpvs. I, 4; Sdhp. 246, 595; Dāvs. V, 51 (°agghika), fig. vimutti° the flower of emancipation Th. 1, 100; Miln. 399. (Page 224)

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kusuma (कुसुम).—n S A flower.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kusuma (कुसुम).—n A flower.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kusuma (कुसुम).—

1) A flower; उदेति पूर्वं कुसुमं ततः फलम् (udeti pūrvaṃ kusumaṃ tataḥ phalam) Ś.7.3.

2) Menstrual discharge.

3) A fruit.

4) A disease of the eyes.

-maḥ A form of fire.

Derivable forms: kusumam (कुसुमम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kusuma (कुसुम).—(1) lit. flower, used in comp. Laṅk 43.15, kusuma-dharma-paryāya, lit. flower (of a) dharma-p°, i.e. supreme, beautiful, noble one? Tibetan renders literally; Suzuki most subtle doctrine (does ‘most subtle’ represent kusuma?); (2) n. of two future Buddhas: dvau buddhau kusumanāmau (°nāmānau) Mv ii.355.8 = iii.279.13; n. of a future Buddha, Gv 441.25; followed by Kusumaśrī, the two corresponding to Mv's two Kusumas (on the passage see s.v. Maitreya); (3) n. of a king, former incarnation of Śākyamuni: RP 24.10.

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Kusumā (कुसुमा).—n. of a legendary queen, instructed and saved by Buddha (wife of Kusumbha): Mv i.177.14; 180.14, 17; 181.7 ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kusuma (कुसुम).—n.

(-maṃ) 1. A flower in general. 2. Fruit. 3. The menstrual discharge. 4. Ophthalmia, disease of the eyes. E. kus to shine, uma Unadi aff.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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