Kutam, Kuṭam, Kutām, Kūṭam: 3 definitions

Introduction:

Kutam means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)

Kuṭam (‘pot’) refers to the seventh of the eleven dances (patinoraṭal) as mentioned in the Kaṭalāṭukkāṭai which is a chapter of the Cilappatikāram: an ancient epic authored by Ilango Adigal representing an important piece of Tamil literature.—The eleven dances were (viz., Kuṭam) danced by Madavi in the Indra Vila (the festival celebrating the victory of Indra). After praising Viṣṇu, four Varuna-bhutas and Tiṅkal (moon in the sky, moving for the benefit of others), the patinoraṭal (eleven dances) is said to begin.

Kuṭam description: It was danced with kuṭam (pot) by Māyōn, who measured the long earth when he went to Chou (the city) of Vanasura. Yama captured Anirudhan, the son of Kama, because of his daughter Usa. In order to redeem him from his captivity, Māyōn danced this pot-dance with vessels made of mud and pañca-loha (five metals).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Kutam in India is the name of a plant defined with Allium cepa in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Allium angolense Baker (among others).

2) Kutam is also identified with Desmostachya bipinnata It has the synonym Eragrostis cynosuroides (Retz.) P. Beauv., also spelled cynosuriodes (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Lexicon Generum Phanerogamarum (1903)
· Flora Palaestina (1756)
· Acta Agron. Acad. Sci. Hung., (1980)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Flora Capensis (1900)
· Species Plantarum, Editio Secunda (1762)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kutam, for example side effects, health benefits, chemical composition, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Kuṭam (குடம்) noun < குட. [kuda.] cf. kuṭa [Telugu: kuṭam K. kuṭa, M. kuṭam.]

1. Water-pot; நீர்வைக்கும் குடம். (பிங்கலகண்டு) [nirvaikkum kudam. (pingalagandu)]

2. Aquarius, a sign of the zodia கும்பராசி. [kumbarasi.] (பன்னிருபாட்டியல் [pannirupattiyal] 163.)

3. A dance of Kṛṣṇa. See குடக்கூத்து. நீணில மளந்தோ னாடிய குடமும் [kudakkuthu. ninila malantho nadiya kudamum] (சிலப்பதிகாரம் அரும்பதவுரை [silappathigaram arumbathavurai] 6, 55).

4. See குடதாடி. [kudathadi.]

5. Hub a wheel; வண்டிக்குடம். [vandikkudam.]

6. Globe, ball, sphericity; திரட்சி. [thiradsi.] (W.)

7. cf. குடஞ்சுட்டு. [kudanchuttu.] Cow; பசு. (சூடாமணிநிகண்டு) [pasu. (sudamaninigandu)]

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Kuṭam (குடம்) noun cf. kūṭa.

1. Town; நக ரம். (பிங்கலகண்டு) [ naga ram. (pingalagandu)]

2. The eighth nakṣatra. See பூசம் [pusam]

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Kuṭam (குடம்) noun < குடக்கு. [kudakku.] See குடநாடு. தென்பாண்டி குட்டங் குடங் கற்கா [kudanadu. thenpandi kuttang kudang karka] (நன். [nan.] 273, உரை [urai])

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Kuṭam (குடம்) noun < guḍa. Jaggery; கரும் புக்கட்டி. (பிங்கலகண்டு) [karum pukkatti. (pingalagandu)]

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Kuṭam (குடம்) noun < guḍā. Square spurge. See சதுரக்கள்ளி. [sathurakkalli.] (தைலவருக்கச்சுருக்கம் தைல. [thailavarukkachurukkam thaila.] 9.)

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Kutam (குதம்) noun < huta. Homa, oblation; ஹோமம். குதஞ் செய்யு மங்கி [homam. kuthagn seyyu mangi] (திருமந். [thiruman.] 423).

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Kutam (குதம்) noun < kutha. Darbha grass. See தருப்பை. (வைத்திய மலையகராதி) [tharuppai. (vaithiya malaiyagarathi)]

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Kutam (குதம்) noun < guda. Anus; மலங்கழி யும் வாயில். இலிங்கத் தொருகா லைங்காற் குதத்தில் [malangazhi yum vayil. ilingath thoruga laingar kuthathil] (காசிகண்டம் இல்லொழுக். [kasigandam illozhug.] 19).

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Kutam (குதம்) noun < kṣuta. Sneeze; தும்மல். கோவின் குதமது நாசம் [thummal. kovin kuthamathu nasam] (செகராச. யாத்திரை. [segarasa. yathirai.] 22: (சங்கத்தகராதி) தமிழ்சொல்லகராதி [(sangathagarathi) thamizhsollagarathi]).

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Kutam (குதம்) noun cf. su-kandaka. Onion; வெங்காயம். (வைத்திய மலையகராதி) [vengayam. (vaithiya malaiyagarathi)]

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Kutam (குதம்) noun < Urdu gudām.

1. See குதாம். [kutham.] (J.)

2. Plenty, abundance; மிகுதி. [miguthi.] (W.)

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Kutām (குதாம்) noun < Urdu gudām. Godown; பண்டசாலை. [pandasalai.] Local usage

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Kūṭam (கூடம்) noun < kūṭa.

1. House; வீடு. (பிங்கலகண்டு) [vidu. (pingalagandu)]

2. Drawing-room, hall; வீட்டின்கூடம். [vittinkudam.]

3. Verandah; தாழ்வாரம். [thazhvaram.] Local usage

4. Elephant-stall; யானைச்சாலை. மதலைநட் டமைத்த தன்பழங்கூடம் [yanaichalai. mathalainad damaitha thanpazhangudam] (கல்லாடம் [kalladam] 60, 22).

5. Top; மேலிடம். கூடக் கூம்பு [melidam. kudag kumbu] (பெருங்கதை உஞ்சைக். [perungathai unchaig.] 40, 72).

6. Temple tower, palace tower; கோபுரம். (பிங்கலகண்டு) [kopuram. (pingalagandu)]

7. Open space under trees, considered as a shrine; மன்றாக அமைந்த தேவகோட்டம். கூடஞ்செய் சாரல் [manraga amaintha thevagottam. kudanchey saral] (திருக்கோவையார் [thirukkovaiyar] 129).

8. Blacksmith's sledge, hammer; சம்மட்டி. (பிங்கலகண்டு). [sammatti. (pingalagandu).]

9. Mountain peak; மலையுச்சி. (பிங்கலகண்டு). [malaiyuchi. (pingalagandu).]

10. Shell supposed to envelop the world; அண்டகோளகை. (பிங்கலகண்டு). [andagolagai. (pingalagandu).]

11. Heap, multitude; திரள். (உரிச்சொல்நிகண்டு). [thiral. (uricholnigandu).]

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Kūṭam (கூடம்) noun < gūḍha.

1. Concealment, privacy, secrecy; மறைவு. (பிங்கலகண்டு). [maraivu. (pingalagandu).]

2. Secret; anything hidden, concealed, mysterious; மறை பொருள். [marai porul.]

3. Fraud, deception; வஞ்சகம். கூடம் மடியோம்பு மாற்றலுடைமை [vanchagam. kudam madiyombu marraludaimai] (ஏலாதி [elathi] 17).

4. Falsehood, untruth; பொய். கூடசாட்சியார் [poy. kudasadsiyar] (வேதாரணிய புராணம் நிரையவ. [vetharaniya puranam niraiyava.] 18).

5. Dullness of tone in lute-strings; இசைவாராது ஓசைமழுங்கல். செம்பகை யார்ப்பே கூட மதிர்வே [isaivarathu osaimazhungal. sembagai yarppe kuda mathirve] (சிலப்பதிகாரம் அரும்பதவுரை [silappathigaram arumbathavurai] 8, 29).

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Kūṭam (கூடம்) noun

1. A mineral poison; கோளகபாஷாணம். ((சங்கத்தகராதி) தமிழ்சொல்லகராதி). [kolagapashanam. ((sangathagarathi) thamizhsollagarathi).]

2. Sesame. See எள். [el.] (W.)

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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