Kutadanta, aka: Kūṭadanta, Kūtadanta; 3 Definition(s)
Kutadanta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Kūṭadanta (कूटदन्त, “broken tusk”) refers to one of the fifty-six vināyakas located at Kāśī (Vārāṇasī), and forms part of a sacred pilgrimage (yātrā), described in the Kāśīkhaṇḍa (Skanda-purāṇa 4.2.57). He is also known as Kūṭadantavināyaka, Kūṭadantagaṇeśa and Kūṭadantavighneśa. These fifty-six vināyakas are positioned at the eight cardinal points in seven concentric circles (8x7). They center around a deity named Ḍhuṇḍhirāja (or Ḍhuṇḍhi-vināyaka) positioned near the Viśvanātha temple, which lies at the heart of Kāśī, near the Gaṅges. This arrangement symbolises the interconnecting relationship of the macrocosmos, the mesocosmos and the microcosmos.
Kūṭadanta is positioned in the Southern corner of the second circle of the kāśī-maṇḍala. According to Rana Singh (source), his shrine is located at “Kringakunda, Kinaram Ashram, B 3 / 335”. Worshippers of Kūṭadanta will benefit from his quality, which is defined as “assisting the Durga”. His coordinates are: Lat. 25.17750, Lon. 83.00200 (or, 25°10'39.0"N, 83°00'07.2"E) (Google maps)
Kāśī (Vārāṇasī) is a holy city in India and represents the personified form of the universe deluded by the Māyā of Viṣṇu. It is described as a fascinating city which is beyond the range of vision of Giriśa (Śiva) having both the power to destroy great delusion, as well as creating it.
Kūṭadanta, and the other vināyakas, are described in the Skandapurāṇa (the largest of the eighteen mahāpurāṇas). This book narrates the details and legends surrounding numerous holy pilgrimages (tīrtha-māhātmya) throughout India. It is composed of over 81,000 metrical verses with the core text dating from the before the 4th-century CE.(Source): Wisdom Library: Skanda-purāṇa
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
A very learned brahmin of Khanumata, which village had been given to him by King Bimbisara as a brahmadeyya. The Buddha arrived at Khanumata when Kutadanta was making preparations for a great sacrifice and, wishing this sacrifice to be successful, he consulted the Buddha on the holding of sacrifices. The Buddha preached to him the Kutadanta Sutta. At the end of the discourse he became a Sotapanna (D.i.127ff).
The conversion of Kutadanta is considered one of the great spiritual victories won by the Buddha (E.g., J.vi.329). As a disputant, Kutadanta is classed with Ambatthaka, Sonadanda and Saccaka. E.g., MA.ii.697.(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Kūṭadanta (कूटदन्त) is the name of a Brāhmin householder of olden times subdued by the Buddha mentioned in order to demonstrate the fearlessness of the Buddha according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XL.1.4. Accordingly, “Brāhmin householders (gṛhsatha), having gone through all the worldly sciences and respected by great kings such as Kieou-lo-t’an-t’o (Kūṭadanta), etc., all became his disciples. Some obtained the first fruit of the Path; others the second, third or fourth fruits”.
Kūṭadanta, another learned brāhmin dwelling at Khānumata in Magadha, was a feudatory of king Bimbisāra. The Buddha, passing through that area, was interrogated by the brāhmin on the way of correctly carrying out “the sacrifice with its threefold methods and its sixteen accessory instruments” (tividhayaññasaṃpadaṃ soḷasaparikkhāraṃ). The Teacher preached the Kūṭadantasutta (Dīgha, I, p.127–149) for him and, at the end of the sermon, Kūṭadanta obtained the fruit of srotaāpanna.(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
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Kūṭadantavighneśa (कूटदन्तविघ्नेश) is short for Kūṭadanta (broken tusk), one of the fifty-six v...
Kūṭadantagaṇeśa (कूटदन्तगणेश) is short for Kūṭadanta (broken tusk), one of the fifty-six vināya...
Kūṭadantavināyaka (कूटदन्तविनायक) is short for Kūṭadanta (broken tusk), one of the fifty-six vi...
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Search found 4 books and stories containing Kutadanta, Kūṭadanta or Kūtadanta. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Gospel of Buddha (by Paul Carus)
Guide to Tipitaka (by U Ko Lay)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
IV. How do we know that the Buddha is fearless? < [Part 1 - The four fearlessnesses of the Buddha according to the Abhidharma]
The Jataka tales [English], Volume 1-6 (by Robert Chalmers)