Kalakuta, aka: Kāḷakūṭa, Kālakūṭa, Kālakūta, Kala-kuta; 12 Definition(s)
Kalakuta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Kāḷakūṭa can be transliterated into English as Kalakuta or Kaliakuta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Kālakūṭa (कालकूट).—The virulent poison that came up during the churning of the Ocean of Milk. Śiva swallowed and retained it in his throat, and so he came to be called Nīlakaṇṭha.
"And Kālakūṭa arose like fire burning all the worlds. The smell of it sent the three worlds into a swoon. At the request of Brahmā Śiva swallowed the poison to save the world from absolute destruction. And, he (Śiva) retained it in his throat". (Ādi Parva, Chapter 18).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Kālakūṭa (कालकूट).—Poison from the churning of ocean of milk by gods and asuras; swallowed by Śiva.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II 25. 60; III. 25-9; IV. 23. 30; Matsya-purāṇa 250. 20-60; Vāyu-purāṇa 54. 57-9, 63 and 95.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)
Kālakūṭa (कालकूट) refers to a highly poisonous tree having a black and round tuber, the very odour of which is reported to cause death. (see vol. III of Rasajalanidhi by Bhudeb Mookerji)Source: archive.org: Rasa-Jala-Nidhi: Or Ocean of indian chemistry and alchemy
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Kālakūṭa (कालकूट) or Kālakūṭatantra refers to one of the twenty-eight Gāruḍatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Kālakūṭa belonging to the Garuḍa class.Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Katha (narrative stories)
Kālakūṭa (कालकूट) is the name of a mountain, the slope of which is the home of the Vidyādhara king named Madanavega, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 30. Accordingly, “... having received this command from Śiva, Madanavega prostrated himself before him, and returned to his home on the slope of the Kālakūṭa mountain”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Kālakūṭa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
One of the five mountain ranges surrounding Anotatta. It has the colour of anjana (collyrium). SnA.ii.437; UdA.300; AA.ii.759; MA.ii.585.Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Languages of India and abroad
kāḷakūṭa : (m.) name of a mountain in the Himalayas.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
kaḷakūṭa (कळकूट).—n (kaḷaka) A small piece of bamboo.
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kālakūṭa (कालकूट).—n (S) The poison produced from the ocean on the churning of it by the gods and demons. It was swallowed by Shiva, and occasioned him his blue neck and his name nīlakaṇṭha. 2 Poison gen. 3 fig. Spite, malice, venom.
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kāḷakūṭa (काळकूट).—or kāḷagujarāṇa, kāḷa- cakra, kāḷatraya, kāḷadharma, kāḷanirvāha, kāḷapāśa, kāḷa- mahimā or -māhātmya, kāḷavañcana or nā, kāḷasattā, kāḷasādhana, kāḷasvarūpa, kāḷakṣēpa, kāḷāṣṭaka, kāḷāṣṭamī. See under kāla.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
kālakūṭa (कालकूट).—n Poison. Fig. Malice.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Kālakūṭa (कालकूट).—(a) a deadly poison; अहो बकी यं स्तनकाल- कूटं अपाययत् (aho bakī yaṃ stanakāla- kūṭaṃ apāyayat) Bhāg.3.2.23; Ś.6. (b) the poison churned out of the ocean and drunk by Śiva; अद्यापि नोज्झति हरः किल कालकूटम् (adyāpi nojjhati haraḥ kila kālakūṭam) Ch. P.5. कालकूटस्य जननीं तां स्तुवे वामलोचनाम् (kālakūṭasya jananīṃ tāṃ stuve vāmalocanām) Vb.
Derivable forms: kālakūṭaḥ (कालकूटः), kālakūṭam (कालकूटम्).
Kālakūṭa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kāla and kūṭa (कूट).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-ṭaḥ-ṭaṃ) A kind of poison. E. kāla Yama, kūṭa to destroy, ap affix; destroying even the regent of death.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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