Harivarsha, Harivarṣa, Hari-varsha: 14 definitions


Harivarsha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Harivarṣa can be transliterated into English as Harivarsa or Harivarsha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam

Harivarṣa (हरिवर्ष).—In the land known as Hari-varṣa, the exalted devotee Prahlāda Mahārāja worships Lord Nṛsiḿhadeva. (The appearance of Lord Nṛsiṃhadeva is described in the Seventh Canto of Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam.) Following in the footsteps of Prahlāda Mahārāja, the inhabitants of Hari-varṣa always worship Lord Nṛsiṃhadeva to receive from Him the benediction of being engaged in His loving service.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Harivarsha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Harivarṣa (हरिवर्ष).—The northern part of Mount Hemaparvata. Arjuna, during his triumphal tour of the northern regions conquered this region and took away a lot of costly gems. (Bhārata, southern text, sabhā Parva, Chapter 28).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Harivarṣa (हरिवर्ष).—A son of Agnīdhra, and Lord of Niṣadha.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 2. 19; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 46-9; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 39, 43; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 1. 16, 19.

1b) (Naiṣadha) a continent in Jambudvīpa. Here Viṣṇu revealed himself as Nṛsimha and is worshipped by Prahlāda;1 country, gold in colour; people of, white in colour; drink sugar-cane juice and live for 11000 years;2 belongs to Niṣadha.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 9; 18. 7-14; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 13.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 17. 1, 6-9; Vāyu-purāṇa 34. 29; 46. 8-10.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 113. 29; 114. 59, 66 ff.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Harivarṣa (हरिवर्ष) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.25.7) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Harivarṣa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Harivarsha in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Harivarṣa (हरिवर्ष) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—Harivarṣa is the first varṣa on the southern side of the Mahāmeru. Nisādha is known to be the principle mountain of this varṣa.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Harivarsha in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Harivarṣa (हरिवर्ष) (or Harivarṣaka) refers to one of the seven zones of Jambūdvīpa which is situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.2 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“Now, there are 7 zones here in Jambūdvīpa: Bhārata, Haimavata, Harivarṣa, Videha, Ramyaka, Hairaṇyavata, and Airāvata from south to north. Making the division between these there are 7 mountain-ranges, bounding the zones: Himavat, Mahāhimavat, Niṣadha, Nīla, Rukmin, and Śikharin with equal diameter at the base and top. [...] In the zone named Harivarṣa there are the great rivers, Harit and Harikāntā; [...] The first of each pair flows to the east and the second to the west. [...]”.

Note: Harivarṣa refers to one of the various Bhogabhūmis or Akarmabhūmis, which refers to worlds where the inhabitants are twins, and everything is supplied by wishing-trees.—(cf. Pravacanasāroddhāra 1054 f., P. 311.)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds

Harivarṣa (हरिवर्ष) or simply Hari refers to a region of Jambūdvīpa: the first continent of the Madhya-loka (middle-word), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.10. The green (harit) colour of the bodies of inhabitants of the 3rd region is the cause for assigning it the name Harivarṣa. The mountain chain Mahāhimavān separates the Haimavata and Harivarṣa. The mountain chain Niṣadha separates the Harivarṣa and Videha regions. Harit and Harit-Kāntā rivers divide Harivarṣa-kṣetra.

The life span of inhabitants of Haimavat, Harivarṣa and Devakuru beings is one, two and three palyopama. The five Harivarsia regions in which inhabitants live have a happy period (2nd time period) always. There the inhabitants have a life span of two palya, height of their bodies is 4000 bows, they take food once after an interval of two days, and the body are of white colour (like conch shell).

Jambūdvīpa (containing the Hari-varṣa region) is in the centre of all continents and oceans; all continents and oceans are concentric circles with Jambūdvīpa in the centre. Like the navel is in the centre of the body, Jambūdvīpa is in the centre of all continents and oceans. Sumeru Mount is in the centre of Jambūdvīpa. It is also called Mount Sudarśana.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Harivarsha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

harivarṣa (हरिवर्ष).—n S A division of the known continent,--the country between the niṣadha and himakūṭa mountains.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Harivarsha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Harivarṣa (हरिवर्ष).—Name of one of the nine divisions of Jambudvīpa.

Derivable forms: harivarṣaḥ (हरिवर्षः).

Harivarṣa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms hari and varṣa (वर्ष).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Harivarṣa (हरिवर्ष).—n.

(-rṣaṃ) A division of the old or known continent; the country between the Nishadha and Hemakuta mountains. E. hari Vishnu, and varṣa a division of the world.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Harivarṣa (हरिवर्ष):—[=hari-varṣa] [from hari] n. one of the 9 divisions of Jambu-dvīpa (the country between the Niṣadha and Hema-kūṭa mountains; See varṣa), [Mahābhārata; Purāṇa; Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a king of Hari-varṣa, [Purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Harivarṣa (हरिवर्ष):—[hari-varṣa] (rṣaṃ) 1. n. A division of the old or known continent.

[Sanskrit to German]

Harivarsha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Harivarsha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Harivarṣa (ಹರಿವರ್ಷ):—[noun] one of the geographical division of the early India.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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