Shitoda, Śītoda, Sītoda, Sitodā, Sitoda, Śītodā: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Shitoda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śītoda and Śītodā can be transliterated into English as Sitoda or Shitoda, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Śītoda (शीतोद).—A lake in the west.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 36. 16.

2) Sitoda (सितोद).—A sacred lake in Meru.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 113. 46.

3) Sītoda (सीतोद).—A lake.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 42. 47.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Shitoda in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Śītodā (शीतोदा) is the name of a river that cannot be crossed by mortals, mentioned in the story of Vidūṣaka, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 18. Accordingly, Yogeśvarī came to Bhadrā and told to her in secret “... there is a city called Kārkoṭaka on the shore of the eastern sea, and beyond that there is a sanctifying stream named Śītodā, and after you cross that, there is a great mountain named Udaya, the land of the Siddhas, which the Vidyādharas may not invade...”. Their story was told by Udayana (king of Vatsa) in order to demonstratrate to his ministers that a brave man by himself without any support obtains prosperity.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Śītodā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Kathā

Sitoda (सितोद) is the name of a water-reservoir in Jambūdvīpa mentioned by Soḍḍhala in his Udayasundarīkathā. Jambūdvīpa is one of the seven continents (dvīpa) of Bhūrloka (earth). The soldiers were asked to seek Udayasundarī around these reservoirs of water.

The Udayasundarīkathā is a Sanskrit work in the campū style, narrating the story of the Nāga princess Udayasundarī and Malayavāhana, king of Pratiṣṭhāna. Soḍḍhala is a descendant of Kalāditya (Śilāditya’s brother) whom he praises as an incarnation of a gaṇa (an attendant of Śiva).

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Sitodā (सितोदा) is the name of a river mentioned as flowing through Videha together with the Sitā river. Videha is one of the seven regions (kṣetra) of Jambūdvīpa according to Jaina cosmology. Jambūdvīpa sits at the centre of madhyaloka (‘middle world’) is the most important of all continents and it is here where human beings reside.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Śītodā (शीतोदा) and Śītā are two great rivers situated in the Mahāvideha zone of Jambūdvīpa which is situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.2 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“In Bharatakṣetra there are the great rivers, Gaṅgā and Sindhu; in the zone named Haimavata, Rohitā and Rohitāṃśā; in the Harivarṣaka zone, the rivers Harit and Harikāntā; in the Mahāvidehas the best rivers Śītā and Śītodā Narakāntā and Narīkāntā in the zone Ramyaka; Svarṇakūlā and Rūpyakūlā in the zone Hairaṇyavata; Raktā and Raktodā in the zone Airāvata. The first of each pair (i.e., Śītā) flows to the east and the second (i.e., Śītodā) to the west. The great rivers Gaṅgā and Sindhu are each attended by 14,000 best rivers. Each pair of the others is attended by twice as many rivers as the preceding pair up to Śītā and Śītodā. The northern rivers (north of Videha) are equal to the southern. Śītā and Śītodā, however, are attended by 532,000 rivers each”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds

Sitodā (सितोदा) is the name of a river that, coupled with the Sitā river, separates the Videha region. Videha refers to one of the regions of Jambūdvīpa: the first continent of the Madhya-loka (middle-word), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.10. The Sitodā river flows westwards. The Sītā and Sītodā rivers and have 112000 tributaries.

Jambūdvīpa (where flows the Sitodā river) is in the centre of all continents and oceans; all continents and oceans are concentric circles with Jambūdvīpa in the centre. Like the navel is in the centre of the body, Jambūdvīpa is in the centre of all continents and oceans. Sumeru Mount is in the centre of Jambūdvīpa. It is also called Mount Sudarśana.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śītoda (शीतोद):—[from śīta] n. ‘having cool water’, Name of a lake, [Purāṇa]

2) Śītodā (शीतोदा):—[from śītoda > śīta] f. Name of a mythical river, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śītodā (शीतोदा) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sīoā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shitoda in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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