Tattvartha Sutra (with commentary)

by Vijay K. Jain | 2018 | 130,587 words | ISBN-10: 8193272625 | ISBN-13: 9788193272626

This page describes position, shape and extension of jambudvipa which is verse 3.9 of the English translation of the Tattvartha Sutra which represents the essentials of Jainism and Jain dharma and deals with the basics on Karma, Cosmology, Ethics, Celestial beings and Liberation. The Tattvarthasutra is authorative among both Digambara and Shvetambara. This is verse 9 of the chapter The Lower World and the Middle World and includes an extensive commentary.

Verse 3.9 - Position, shape and extension of Jambūdvīpa

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English translation of Tattvartha sūtra 3.9:

तन्मध्ये मेरुनाभित्तो योजनशतसहस्रविष्कम्भो जम्बूद्वीपः ॥ ३.९ ॥

tanmadhye merunābhitto yojanaśatasahasraviṣkambho jambūdvīpaḥ || 3.9 ||

In the middle of these oceans and continents is Jambūdvīpa, round and one hundred thousand yojana in diameter. Mount Meru (Meru parvata) is at the centre of this continent, like the navel in the body. (9)

Hindi Anvayarth:

अन्वयार्थ: उन सब द्वीप-समुद्रों के बीच में जम्बूद्वीप है, उसकी नाभि के समान सुदर्शन मेरु है, तथा जम्बूद्वीप थाली के समान गोल है और एक लाख योजन उसका विस्तार है।

Anvayartha: una saba dvipa-samudrom ke bica mem jambudvipa hai, usaki nabhi ke samana sudarshana meru hai, tatha jambudvipa thali ke samana gola hai aura eka lakha yojana usaka vistara hai |

Explanation in English from Ācārya Pūjyapāda’s Sarvārthasiddhi:

Now the position, shape and extension of Jambūdvīpa must be mentioned as the dimensions of the rest follow from this.

In the middle of these means in the middle of the concentric oceans and continents mentioned already. Mount Meru is in the centre of Jambūdvīpa, like the navel in the body. In the centre of which is Mount Meru, which is round like the disc of the sun, and which is one hundred thousand yojana in diameter, is Jambūdvīpa. Why is it called Jambūdvīpa? It is called Jambūdvīpa because it has the ‘Jambū’ tree as its distinguishing mark. In the Uttarakuru region of Jambūdvīpa there is this ‘Jambū’ tree, beginningless and eternal, made of earth, uncreated, and surrounded by its satellite trees.

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