Agnidhra, Agnīdhra, Āgnīdhra, Āgnidhra: 15 definitions


Agnidhra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Agnīdhra (अग्नीध्र) refers to a country belonging to “Uttaratas or Uttaradeśa (northern division)” classified under the constellations of Śatabhiṣaj, Pūrvabhādrapada and Uttarabhādrapada, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Śatabhiṣaj, Pūrvabhādrapada and Uttarabhādrapada represent the northern division consisting of [i.e., Agnīdhra] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Agnidhra in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Āgnīdhra (आग्नीध्र).—One of the ten sons of Priyavrata, who was a son of Svāyambhuva Manu, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74. Svāyambhuva Manu was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being. Āgnīdhra was made the lord of Jambūdvīpa, one of the seven islands (dvīpa).

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Agnīdhra (अग्नीध्र).—(AGNĪDDHRA). Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu thus: Viṣṇu-Brahmā-Marīci-Kaśyapa-Vivasvān-Vaivasvatamanu-Priyavrata-Agnīdhra. Birth. Priyavrata, son of Vaivasvatamanu, married Barhiṣmatī, daughter of Viśvakarmā. Agnīdhra was one of their ten sons. The other nine sons were: Idhmajihvā, Yajñabāhu, Mahāvīra, Hiraṇyaretas, Ghṛtaprṣṭha, Sava, Medhātithi, Vītihotra and Kavi. A daughter also was born to Priyavrata and Barhiṣmatī named Ūrjjasvatī. Śukra married her and Devayānī was their daughter. Married life. Agnīdhra married a nymph named Pūrvacitti. They had nine children: Nābhi, Kiṃpurusa, Hari, Ilāvrata, Ramyaka, Hirañcaya, Kuru, Bhadrāśva, and Ketumāla. It was from this Kuru that the Kuru Vaṃśa began. Other incidents. (1) Agnīdhra ruled over Jambudvīpa for a long time. (Devī Bhāgavata, Skandha 8).

While he was the ruler of Jambudvīpa Agnīdhra once went into a cave and did hard tapas there without eating any food. Brahmā then sent a beautiful nymph (Apsarā maiden) to him to tempt him and thwart his tapas. Agnīdhra fell a victim to the temptation. His penance was shaken by that nymph named Vipracitti. He married her. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 5, Chapter 2). (See full article at Story of Agnīdhra from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Āgnīdhra (आग्नीध्र).—See Agnidadhra.

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Agnīdhra (अग्नीध्र) refers to one of the three types of companions for the Brahman, which is one of the four classes of Ṛtvijas (Ṛtvik), or “priests participating in the Vedic sacrifices”, as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.27.—The priests (Ṛtvijas) participating in the Vedic sacrifices are usually four in number. They are Hotṛ, Adhvaryu, Udgātṛ and Brahman corresponding to the four Vedas—Ṛg, Yajus, Sāman and Atharvan respectively. Each of the priests has three companions or helpers, the total no. is sixteen viz. Hotṛ—Maitrāvaruṇa, Acchāvāka, Grāvastut; Adhvaryu—Pratiprasthātṛ, Neṣṭṛ, Unnetṛ; Udgātṛ—Prastotṛ, Pratihartṛ, Subrahmaṇya and Brahman—Brāhmaṇācchaṃsin, Agnīdhra, Potṛ. See Āśvalāyana Śrauta Sūtra IV. 1.4-6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Agnidhra (अग्निध्र).—A son of Bhautya Manu.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 116.

2a) Agnīdhra (अग्नीध्र).—A Nadīputra and Dhiṣṇi agni.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 12, 20. Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 18, 26.

2b) (Kāśyapa)—a sage of the epoch of Bhautya Manu (XIVth Manu).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 112; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2, 44.

2c) A son of Svāyambhuva Manu.1 Lord of Jambūdvīpa.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 17.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 9, 11.

3a) Āgnīdhra (आग्नीध्र).—A son of Priyavrata and Barhiṣmatī. Father of Nābhi. Appointed lord of Jambūdvīpa.1 Protected the people like his children. Issueless, he performed tapas when Brahmā sent the divine damsel Pūrvacitti with whom āgnīdhra enjoyed life for 100,000 years. After giving birth to nine sons, she went back to the court of Brahmā. He divided his kingdom among his sons, and rejoined his wife in another world. On his death, his nine sons married the nine daughters of Meru.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 2. 15; V. 1. 25 and 33.
  • 2) Ib. V. 2. 1-23; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 44-53; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 1. 7, 12, 16-24.

3b) One of the ten sons of Svāyambhuva Manu;1 milked the Cow-Earth with Svāyambhuva as calf.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 104; Matsya-purāṇa 9. 4.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 63. 13.

3c) One of the ten sons of the daughter of Kardama, and Priyavrata.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 9.

4) Āgnidhra (आग्निध्र).—One of the 16 ṛtviks for an yajña; created from the hands of Nārāyaṇa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 167. 10.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Hindupedia: Ilāvṛta

Agnīdhra was the ruler of Jambudvīpa. He had nine sons equaling Prajāpatis. They were Nābhi, Kiṃpuruṣa, Harivarṣa, Ilāvṛta, Ramya, Hiraṇvān, Kuru, Bhadrāśva, and Ketumāla.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Agnīdhra (अग्नीध्र).—[agnimādadhāti dhṛ-ka dīrghaḥ Tv.]

1) Name of a priest, also called ब्रह्मा (brahmā) who kindles the sacred fire.

2) (agniṃ dhārayatyasmai saṃpradāne ghañarthe ka dīrghaḥ) Sacrifice, sacrifical act. See आग्नीध्र (āgnīdhra).

Derivable forms: agnīdhraḥ (अग्नीध्रः).

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Āgnīdhra (आग्नीध्र).—a. Belonging to the अग्नीध्र (agnīdhra) (the priest who kindles the fire).

-dhram [agnimindhe agnīt tasya śaraṇam, raṇ bhatvānna jaś Tv.]

1) The place where the sacrificial or sacred fire is kindled. सद आग्नीध्रशालां च तद्विहारं महानसम् (sada āgnīdhraśālāṃ ca tadvihāraṃ mahānasam) (kecid babhañjuḥ) Bhāgavata 4.5.14.

2) The duty of the priest who kindles the sacred fire.

-dhrā Care of the sacred fire.

-dhraḥ The priest who kindles the sacred fire. आग्नीध्रश्चोत्तरां दिशम् (āgnīdhraścottarāṃ diśam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.98.38.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āgnīdhra (आग्नीध्र).—i. e. agni-indh + ra + a, m. A priest (who kindles the sacrificial fire?).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āgnīdhra (आग्नीध्र).—[adjective] belonging to the Agnīdh. [masculine] = āgnīdh; [neuter] the place for or the function of the A.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Agnīdhra (अग्नीध्र):—[from agni] m. (= agni-bāhu), Name of two men.

2) Āgnīdhra (आग्नीध्र):—[from āgnāpauṣṇa] mfn. coming from or belonging to the Agnīdh (id est. to the priest who kindles the fire), [Ṛg-veda ii, 36, 4; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

3) [v.s. ...] m. (= agnīdh) the priest who kindles the fire, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] fire, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Manu Svāyambhuva, [Harivaṃśa 415]

6) [v.s. ...] of a son of Priyavrata, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of a people, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

8) Āgnīdhrā (आग्नीध्रा):—[from āgnīdhra > āgnāpauṣṇa] f. care of the sacred fire, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) Āgnīdhra (आग्नीध्र):—[from āgnāpauṣṇa] n. ([Pāṇini 4-3, 120], [commentator or commentary]; [v, 4, 37], [commentator or commentary]) the place where a sacrificial fire is kindled, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

10) [v.s. ...] the function of the priest who kindles the sacred fire, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Agnīdhra (अग्नीध्र):—[tatpurusha compound] I. m.

(-dhraḥ) 1) A proper name: the son of Priyavrata and Kāmyā, a king of Jambudvīpa; one of the ten sons of the first Manu, Svāyambhuva.

2) The same as agnīdh q. v. In this meaning the word seems to be a misspelling of āgnīdhra. Ii. f.

(-dhrī) Kindling or exciting the sacrificial fire by throwing clarified butter &c. into it. See āgnīdhrī which seems to be the more correct form of this word. E. agni and idhra (from indh, uṇ. aff. kran).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āgnīdhra (आग्नीध्र):—[āgnī+dhra] (dhraṃ) 1. n. A place where the sacrificial fire is kindled.

[Sanskrit to German]

Agnidhra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Agnīdhra (ಅಗ್ನೀಧ್ರ):—

1) [noun] the priest who kindles the fire.

2) [noun] the ritual act or process of offering to a deity something, esp. a victim on an altar; a sacrifice.

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Āgnīdhra (ಆಗ್ನೀಧ್ರ):—

1) [noun] the priest who kindles the sacred fire in a sacrifice.

2) [noun] the place where the sacrificial or sacred fire is kindled.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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