Dvipa, Dvīpa, Dvi-pa: 18 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Dvipa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Dweep.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Dvīpa (द्वीप) refers to “continents”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.22. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] On the top of the mountain near the city of Himālaya (śailarājapura), Śiva sported about for a long time in the company of Satī. [...] Śiva went from place to place. Sometimes He went to the top of Meru wherein Gods and Goddesses resided. He went to different continents (dvīpa), parks and forests on the earth. After visiting the different places He returned home and lived with Satī”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Dvīpa (द्वीप).—Island, as the cause of the Devāsura war; thousands in number, but seven are distinguished;1 ety. water on both sides.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 72. 71; Matsya-purāṇa 113. 4-5; 123. 35.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 123. 35; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 132.

1b) Seven in number; Plakṣa, Śālmalī, Kuśa, Krauñca, Śāka, Puṣkara and Jambu; description of.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 21. 12; VIII. 19. 23; V. 20 (whole); Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 136.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Dvīpa (द्वीप, ‘island’) is mentioned in the Rigveda1 and later. But there is no reason to imagine that the islands referred to were other than sandbanks in the great rivers, Indus or Ganges. Vedic literature knows nothing of the system of geography according to which the earth consists of four, seven, or thirteen Dvīpas grouped round Mount Meru.

Source: Vaniquotes: Hinduism

The planets are called dvīpas. Outer space is like an ocean of air. Just as there are islands in the watery ocean, these planets in the ocean of space are called dvīpas, or islands in outer space.

The seven islands (dvīpas) are known as

  1. Jambu,
  2. Śāka,
  3. Śālmalī,
  4. Kuśa,
  5. Krauñca,
  6. Gomeda, or Plakṣa, and
  7. Puṣkara. 

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Dvīpa (द्वीप) or Caturdvīpa refers to the “four continents” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 120):

  1. Pūrvavideha in the east,
  2. Jambudvīpa in the centre,
  3. Aparagodānī in the west,
  4. Uttarakurudvīpa in the north.

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., dvīpa). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Dvipa.—(EI (7-1-2), ‘eight’. Note: dvipa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Dvīpa.—(IE 7-12), ‘seven’. Note: dvīpa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

dvipa : (m.) an elephant.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dvīpa (द्वीप).—n (S & m n) An island: also any land washed by water on two of its sides (dvi & ap). The word is applied particularly to the seven grand divisions of the earth, each being surrounded by a sea; and the central division jambu or the known continent is again portioned into ten divisions, likewise termed dvīpa. See saptadvīpa.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dvīpa (द्वीप).—[dvirgatā dvayordiśorvā gatā āpo yatra; dvi-ap, apa īp]

1) An island.

2) A place of refuge, shelter, protection.

3) A division of the terrestrial world; (the number of these divisions varies according to different authorities, being four, seven, nine or thirteen, all situated round the mountain Meru like the petals of a lotus flower, and each being separated from the other by a distinct ocean. [In N. 1.5 the Dvīpas are said to be eighteen; but seven appears to be the usual number :जम्बु, प्लक्ष, शाल्मलि, कुश, क्रौञ्च, शाक (jambu, plakṣa, śālmali, kuśa, krauñca, śāka) and पुष्कर (puṣkara); cf. Bhāg.5.1.32; R.1.65; and पुरा सप्तदीपां जयति वसुधामप्रतिरथः (purā saptadīpāṃ jayati vasudhāmapratirathaḥ) Ś.7.33. The central one is जम्बुद्वीप (jambudvīpa) in which is included भरतखण्ड (bharatakhaṇḍa) or India.]

-pam The skin of a tiger.

Derivable forms: dvīpaḥ (द्वीपः), dvīpam (द्वीपम्).

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Dvipa (द्विप).—an elephant; यदा किञ्चिज्ज्ञोऽहं द्विप इव मदान्धः समभवम् (yadā kiñcijjño'haṃ dvipa iva madāndhaḥ samabhavam) Bh.3.31; विपूर्यमाणश्रवणोदरं द्विपाः (vipūryamāṇaśravaṇodaraṃ dvipāḥ) Śi. °अधिपः (adhipaḥ) Indra's elephant. °आस्य (āsya) an epithet of Gaṇesa.

Derivable forms: dvipaḥ (द्विपः).

Dvipa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dvi and pa (प).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Dvīpa (द्वीप).—(Pali dīpa, see below; as in Sanskrit usually m. but sometimes nt., e.g. Divyāvadāna 214.25; Mahāvastu iii.378.2; the gender of the names follows that of the word dvīpa in the context; normally they are m.), one of the 4 continents, which to Buddhists are Jambudvīpa, Pūrvavideha (Prāgvideha LaVallée Poussin, Abhidharmakośa iii.145), Apara- godānīya (°ni, °ḍānī- in composition, °nika; rarely Avara°, Godānīya, qq.v.), and Uttarakuru (Kuru alone, AbhidhK l.c.); see the second and third s.vv. Listed Lalitavistara 19.15 f.; 149.19 f.; the three outer ones [compound] with -lipi Lalitavistara 126.4 f.; Mahāvastu i.6.2; ii.68.6; 158.18; iii.378.2; compare Abhidharmakośa l.c.; [Page275-a+ 23] Mahāvyutpatti 3045, 3047, 3050, 3054, 3057; Dharmasaṃgraha 120; Divyāvadāna 214.7, 10, 24; 215.15, 20; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.94.4 f. The Pali forms are Jambudīpa, Pubbavideha, Aparagoyāna (! or v.l. °godhāna), and Uttarakuru.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dvipa (द्विप).—m.

(-paḥ) 1. An elephant. 2. A plant, (Mesua ferrea.) E. dvi two, and pa who drinks, the elephant imbibing fluids by his trunk, and thence conveying them into his mouth. dvābhyāṃ mukhaśuṇḍābhyāṃ pibati pā-ka .

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Dvīpa (द्वीप).—mn.

(-paḥ-paṃ) 1. An island, any land surrounded by water; the word is henco applied to the seven grand divisions of the terrestrial world, each of these being separated from the next, by a peculiar and circumambient ecean: the seven Dwipas, reckoning from the central one are, Jambu, Kusa, Plaksha, Salmali, Krauncha, Saka, and Pushkara: the central Dwipa, or the known continent, is again portioned into ten divisions, likewise termed Dwipas: viz. Kuru, Chandra, Varuna, Saumya, Naga, Kumarika, Gab'hastiman, Tamrapurna, Kaseru and Indra. 2. A tiger’s skin. E. dvi two, (on both sides,) and āpa water, ā dropped and i made long. dvirgatā dvayo rvā diśorgatā āpo'tra . a0 samā0 .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dvipa (द्विप).—[dvi-pa] (1. ), m. An elephant (drinking twice, the elephant imbibing fluids by his trunk and thence conveying them to his mouth), [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 192.

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Dvīpa (द्वीप).—i. e. dvi-ap + a, m. and n. 1. An island, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 25, 34. 2. Shelter, Mahābhārata 2, 2118. 3. The name of the four, seven, or thirteen grand divisions of the terrestrial world, each of these being separated from the next by a different circumambient ocean, Mahābhārata 6, 404.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dvipa (द्विप).—[masculine] elephant (lit. drinking twice).

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Dvīpa (द्वीप).—[masculine] [neuter] island, peninsula, sandbank; [especially] one of the (4, 7, 13, or 18) islands or continents of which the earth is supposed to consist.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dvipa (द्विप):—[=dvi-pa] [from dvi] m. elephant ([literally] drinking twice, sc. with his trunk and with his mouth), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc. (ifc. f(ā). )

2) [v.s. ...] Name of the number 8 [Gaṇitādhyāya]

3) [v.s. ...] Mesua Ferrea, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Dvīpa (द्वीप):—[from dvi] a etc. See sub voce

5) b mn. ([from] dvi + ap, [Pāṇini 5-4, 74; vi, 3, 97]) an island, peninsula, sandbank, [Ṛg-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata] etc.

6) a division of the terrestrial world (either 7 [Jambu, Plakṣa or Go-medaka, Śālmalī, Kuśa, Krauñca, Śāka and Puṣkara, [Mahābhārata vi, 604 etc.; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa] etc.] or 4 [Bhadrāśva, Ketu-māla, Jambu-dvīpa and Uttarāḥ Kuravaḥ, [Mahābhārata vi, 208; Harivaṃśa; Kāvya literature] etc. cf. [Dharmasaṃgraha cxx]] or 13 [the latter four + 9, viz. Indra-dvīpa, Kaśerū-mat, Tāmra-varṇa, Gabhasti-mat, Nāga-dvīpa, Saumya, Gāndharva, Varuṇa and Bhārata, which are enumerated, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa ii, 3, 6; 7], as forming Bhārata-varṣa] or 18 [among which the Upa-dvīpas are said to be included, [Naiṣadha-carita i, 5 [Scholiast or Commentator]]]; they are situated round the mountain Meru, and separated from each other by distinct concentric circumambient oceans; ayaṃ dvīpaḥ = jambu-dv, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa v, 16, 5 or] = bhārata-dv, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa ii, 3, 7])

7) m. place of refuge, shelter, protection or protector, [Mahābhārata; Kāraṇḍa-vyūha]

8) a tiger’s skin, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) cubebs, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. -sambhava).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dvipa (द्विप):—[dvi-pa] (paḥ) 1. m. An elephant; a plant (Mesua ferrea).

2) Dvīpa (द्वीप):—[(paḥ-paṃ)] 1. m. n. An island; one of seven or ten; tiger’s skin.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Dvipa (द्विप):—(dvi + pa) m. [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 26, 33.]

1) Elephant (zweimal trinkend, zuerst mit dem Rüssel, dann mit dem Maule) [Siddhāntakaumudī] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher.3,2,4.] [Amarakoṣa.2,8,2,2.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi.1217.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch.7,192.] [Hiḍimbavadha.4,11.] [Rāmāyaṇa.1,6,23.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa.8,7,18.] dvipendra [Raghuvaṃśa 2, 7. 3, 32.] [Śākuntala 102.] [Hitopadeśa I, 96.] mada die zur Brunstzeit aus den Schläfen quellende Feuchtigkeit beim Eleph. [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] dāna dass. [Raghuvaṃśa 13, 20.] dvipendradāna [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 69, 17.] Am Ende eines adj. comp. f. ā [Mahābhārata 4, 2016. 13, 6929. 18, 21.] [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 88, 19.] Vgl. gandha, vana, dvipāyin . —

2) Name eines Baumes, Mesua ferrea (nāgakeśara), [Ratnamālā im Śabdakalpadruma]

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Dvīpa (द्वीप):—(dvi + ap Wasser) [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 4, 74. 6, 3, 97.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 6, 70.] m. n. (n. [Kathāsaritsāgara 25, 33. 59. 26, 3]) gaṇa ardharcādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher.2,4,31.] [Siddhāntakaumudī 249,a,5] v. u. Insel, Sandbank im Flusse [Amarakoṣa 1, 2, 3, 8.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1078.] āpo.na dvī.aṃ dadhati.prayāṃsi [Ṛgveda 1, 169, 3.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 12, 2, 1, 3.] [Kāṭhaka-Recension 13, 2.] [LĀṬY. 1, 6, 10.] laṅkā nāma samudrasya dvīpaśreṣṭhā [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 53, 35.] (nadī) vipuladvīpaśobhitā [Mahābhārata 3, 2512.] (mahī) saparvatavanadvīpā [1, 1165.] sasamudravanadvīpā [3, 8865.] ṛtavaḥ sāgarā dvīpā vedā lokā diśaḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 25, 34.] sadvīpā (medinī) [Raghuvaṃśa 1, 65.] Bildlich: nitamba [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 8, 8, 45.] so v. a. sichere Zufluchtsstätte, Retter in der Noth: ko tra dvīpaḥ syāttumule vastadānīm [Mahābhārata 2, 2118.] yaścaiṣāmabhavaddvīpaḥ kuntīputro vṛkodaraḥ [5, 1988. fg.] Nach dem kosmographischen System der Inder besteht die Erde aus [?4, 7 oder 13] Dvīpa, die wie die Blätter einer Lotusblume um den Berg Meru gelagert sind. bhadrāśva, ketumāla, jambudvīpa und uttarāḥ kuravaḥ sind die [4] Dvīpa nach [Mahābhārata 6, 208]; vgl. [Rgva tch’er rol pa 200.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 123. 148.] [WASSILJEW 248.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 171.] Die 7 Dvīpa sind: jambū, plakṣa (st. dessen gomedaka [Siddhāntaśiromaṇi im Śabdakalpadruma]), śālmali, kuśa, krauñca, śāka und puṣkara [Mahābhārata 6, 404. fgg.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 166. fgg.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 1, 31. fgg.] [Mahābhārata 13, 4623.] [Harivaṃśa 5870. 8658.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 21, 12.] saptadvīpā vasumatī [Mahābhārata 8, 4735.] [Harivaṃśa 1616.] [Śākuntala 192.] saptadvīpavatīṃ mahīm [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 21, 2.] śākala [Mahābhārata 2, 998. fg.] sudarśana [6, 188. 191.] trayodaśadvīpavatī (viell. die 4 oben genannten nebst den 9, von denen weiter unten die Rede ist) mahī [3, 182. 10670.] ayaṃ dvīpaḥ so v. a. jambūdvīpa [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 16, 5. 18] Dvīpa (nach dem Schol. sind in dieser Zahl die Upadvīpa mit eingeschlossen) [Naiṣadhacarita 1, 5.] Die 9 Dvīpa, in welche Bhāratavarṣa zerfällt, werden [Viṣṇupurāṇa 175] aufgezählt. — Die Bed. Tiegerfell ( [Bharata] zu [Amarakoṣa 2, 5, 1.] [Śabdakalpadruma]) beruht auf einer einseitigen Erklärung von dvīpin . Nach [NIGH. PR.] Cubeben; vgl. dvīpasaṃbhava .

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Dvīpa (द्वीप):—[Ṛgveda 8, 20, 4.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Dvipa (द्विप):—m.

1) Elephant. Am Ende eines adj. Comp. f. ā. —

2) Bez. der Zahl acht [Gaṇita 5.] —

3) *Mesua ferrea [Ratnamālā. (Roth) 132.]

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Dvīpa (द्वीप):——

1) m. n. (adj. Comp. f. ā) Insel , Sandbank im Flusse. Nach dem kosmographischen System der Inder besteht die Erde aus 4 , 7 , 13 oder 18 Inseln , welche wie die Blätter einer Lotusblüthe um den Meru gelagert sind. ayaṃ dvīpaḥ so v.a. jambūdvīpaḥ. Bharatavarṣa zerfällt in 9 Dvīpa. —

2) m. eine sichere Zufluchtsstätte , Retter in der Noth [Kāraṇḍavyūha 45,17.] —

3) *Tigerfell.

4) *Cubeben.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Dvīpa (द्वीप) [Also spelled dweep]:—(nm) an island; —[samūha] (group of) islands.

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