Dvipa, aka: Dvīpa, Dvi-pa; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Dvipa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

1a) Dvīpa (द्वीप).—Island, as the cause of the Devāsura war; thousands in number, but seven are distinguished;1 ety. water on both sides.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 72. 71; Matsya-purāṇa 113. 4-5; 123. 35.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 123. 35; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 132.

1b) Seven in number; Plakṣa, Śālmalī, Kuśa, Krauñca, Śāka, Puṣkara and Jambu; description of.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 21. 12; VIII. 19. 23; V. 20 (whole); Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 136.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Dvīpa (द्वीप, ‘island’) is mentioned in the Rigveda1 and later. But there is no reason to imagine that the islands referred to were other than sandbanks in the great rivers, Indus or Ganges. Vedic literature knows nothing of the system of geography according to which the earth consists of four, seven, or thirteen Dvīpas grouped round Mount Meru.

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

The planets are called dvīpas. Outer space is like an ocean of air. Just as there are islands in the watery ocean, these planets in the ocean of space are called dvīpas, or islands in outer space.

The seven islands (dvīpas) are known as

  1. Jambu,
  2. Śāka,
  3. Śālmalī,
  4. Kuśa,
  5. Krauñca,
  6. Gomeda, or Plakṣa, and
  7. Puṣkara. 
Source: Vaniquotes: Hinduism

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Dvīpa (द्वीप) or Caturdvīpa refers to the “four continents” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 120):

  1. Pūrvavideha in the east,
  2. Jambudvīpa in the centre,
  3. Aparagodānī in the west,
  4. Uttarakurudvīpa in the north.

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., dvīpa). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Dvipa in Pali glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

dvipa : (m.) an elephant.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

dvīpa (द्वीप).—n (S & m n) An island: also any land washed by water on two of its sides (dvi & ap). The word is applied particularly to the seven grand divisions of the earth, each being surrounded by a sea; and the central division jambu or the known continent is again portioned into ten divisions, likewise termed dvīpa. See saptadvīpa.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dvīpa (द्वीप).—[dvirgatā dvayordiśorvā gatā āpo yatra; dvi-ap, apa īp]

1) An island.

2) A place of refuge, shelter, protection.

3) A division of the terrestrial world; (the number of these divisions varies according to different authorities, being four, seven, nine or thirteen, all situated round the mountain Meru like the petals of a lotus flower, and each being separated from the other by a distinct ocean. [In N. 1.5 the Dvīpas are said to be eighteen; but seven appears to be the usual number :जम्बु, प्लक्ष, शाल्मलि, कुश, क्रौञ्च, शाक (jambu, plakṣa, śālmali, kuśa, krauñca, śāka) and पुष्कर (puṣkara); cf. Bhāg.5.1.32; R.1.65; and पुरा सप्तदीपां जयति वसुधामप्रतिरथः (purā saptadīpāṃ jayati vasudhāmapratirathaḥ) Ś.7.33. The central one is जम्बुद्वीप (jambudvīpa) in which is included भरतखण्ड (bharatakhaṇḍa) or India.]

-pam The skin of a tiger.

Derivable forms: dvīpaḥ (द्वीपः), dvīpam (द्वीपम्).

--- OR ---

Dvipa (द्विप).—an elephant; यदा किञ्चिज्ज्ञोऽहं द्विप इव मदान्धः समभवम् (yadā kiñcijjño'haṃ dvipa iva madāndhaḥ samabhavam) Bh.3.31; विपूर्यमाणश्रवणोदरं द्विपाः (vipūryamāṇaśravaṇodaraṃ dvipāḥ) Śi. °अधिपः (adhipaḥ) Indra's elephant. °आस्य (āsya) an epithet of Gaṇesa.

Derivable forms: dvipaḥ (द्विपः).

Dvipa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dvi and pa (प).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Shakadvipa
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Dvi
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