Dharaka, Dhāraka: 11 definitions

Introduction

Dharaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

India history and geogprahy

Source: Wisdom Library: India History

Dharaka (or, Dhāraka) refers to one of the 84 castes (gaccha) in the Jain community according to Mr. P. D. Jain. The Jain caste and sub-caste system was a comparatively later development within their community, and it may have arisen from the ancient classification of Brāhmaṇa, Kṣatriya, Vaiśya and Śūdra. Before distinction of these classes (such as Dharaka), the society was not divided into distinct separate sections, but all were considered as different ways of life and utmost importance was attached to individual chartacter and mode of behaviour.

According to Dr. Vilas Adinath Sangava, “Jainism does not recognise castes (viz., Dharaka) as such and at the same time the Jaina books do not specifically obstruct the observance of caste rules by the members of the Jaina community. The attitude of Jainism towards caste is that it is one of the social practices, unconnected with religion, observed by people; and it was none of its business to regulate the working of the caste system” (source).

The legendary account of the origin of these 84 Jain castes (eg., Dharaka) relate that once a rich Jain invited members of the Jain community in order to establish a vaiśya-mahāsabhā (i.e. Central Association of Traders). In response, 84 representatives came from different places, and they were later seen as the progenitors of these castes. Various sources however mention differences in the list.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (D) next»] — Dharaka in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

dhāraka : (adj.) (in cpds.) bearing; holding; wearing.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Dhāraka, (adj.-n.) 1. bearing, one who holds or possesses DhA.III, 93 (sampattiṃ).—2. one who knows or remembers A.II, 97 (°jātika); IV, 296 sq., 328 (id.). (Page 341)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dhāraka (धारक).—a (S) In comp. Holder, keeper, bearer. Ex. ājñādhāraka Keeper of commands, obedient, subject; vastradhāraka, śastradhāraka, vētradhāraka, daṇḍadhāraka.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dhāraka (धारक).—a (In comp.) Holder, bearer. Ex. ājñādhāraka, vastradhāraka, daṇḍadhāraka.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhāraka (धारक).—a. Holding, possessing, bearing &c.; नाम°, देह° (nāma°, deha°).

-kaḥ 1 A vessel of any kind (box, trunk, &c.), a water-pot.

2) A debtor.

-kā The vulva of a female.

-dhārikā 1 A prop, pillar.

2) A division of time (= 1/2 Muhūrta).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Dhāraka (धारक).—adj., subst. (= Pali id.; in Sanskrit only ifc. and hardly in this sense), one who retains in his mind or memory, with gen. of a sacred work: sūtrāntānāṃ dhāra- kā(ḥ) Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 44.1; (sc. sūtrasya) 228.7; (sūtrarājasya) Kāraṇḍavvūha 13.12; dharmaparyāyasya 27.17.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhāraka (धारक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Who or what holds or contains, a vessel orreceptacle of any kind. m. (-ka.) A water pot. E. dhṛ to have, ṇvul aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhāraka (धारक).—i. e. dhṛ + aka, I. latter part of comp. adj., Bearing, Mahābhārata 1691. nāmadhāraka, i. e. nāman-, adj. Being something only nominally, not really, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 91. Ii. m. A trunk or box (for keeping clothes), [Suśruta] 2, 55, 11.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhāraka (धारक).—[adjective] bearing, holding.

--- OR ---

Dhārakā (धारका).—[feminine] vulva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dhāraka (धारक):—[from dhāra] 1. dhāraka mfn. = [preceding] (ifc.; cf. kula-, deha-, nāmaetc.)

2) [v.s. ...] keeping in the memory (with [genitive case]), [Kāraṇḍa-vyūha]

3) [v.s. ...] m. a receptacle or vessel for anything, [Suśruta]

4) [v.s. ...] a water-pot, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Dhārakā (धारका):—[from dhāraka > dhāra] f. the vulva of a female, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

6) Dhāraka (धारक):—[from dhāra] 2. dhāraka ifc. = [preceding] or next

7) [v.s. ...] cf. tri-.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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