Dharagriha, Dhārāgṛha, Dhāragṛha, Dhara-griha: 11 definitions
Dharagriha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Dhārāgṛha and Dhāragṛha can be transliterated into English as Dharagrha or Dharagriha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Dhārāgṛha (धारागृह) refers to the “fountain house”, as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.28. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“in the meantime when the celestial sages were on their way to Dakṣa’s sacrifice, with great eclat Satī the daughter of Dakṣa was engrossed in diverse sports, surrounded by her friends under the canopy of the fountain house (dhārāgṛha) on the mountain Gandhamādana”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Kavya (poetry)Source: academia.edu: Bhoja’s Mechanical Garden
Dhārāgṛha (धारागृह) refers to “fountain houses”.—A great variety of water mechanisms are mentioned, and Bhoja delineates no less than four distinct types of fountain houses (dhārāgṛha) that were to be enjoyed by kings:
- the shower (pravarṣaṇa),
- the channel (pranāḷa),
- the submerged (jalamagna),
- and the special design (nandyāvarta).
All were to have structures made of elaborate carved wood and to be filled with statues and mechanical devices—of birds and various other figures including monkeys with gaping mouths. The description here closely mirrors those in the Śṛṅgāramañjarīkathā and the Yaśastilakacampū: the king sits within the fountain house on a throne situated at the center of a pond filled with mechanical bathers—elephants that squirted water at one another and women who sprayed water streams from their breasts, eye corners, navels, and fingernails (31.133–38).Source: eScholarship: The Āmuktamālyada of Kṛṣṇadevarāya
Dhāragṛha (धारगृह) refers to the “bathhouse” according to the 16th century Āmuktamālyada of Kṛṣṇadevarāya 5.86ff.—Accordingly, “Goda spent the afternoons in the cool waters of the bathhouse (dhāragṛha) sprayed with drops from water pumps fixed under a bright red awning like a conjurer dressed in crimson robes muttering spells with his magic beads. Dusk appeared to her in a delirious dream like a female monkey at twilight, stoking the fires of separation—The Lover of Lotuses colored her face copper-red and her teeth were shining like jasmine buds. Her arms were red lotuses covered in pollen and her eyes were twinkling like honey-colored stars”.
Note: This interesting image of a bathhouse (dhāragṛha) fitted with raised water pumps (ghaṭa-yantrālu) is supported by archaeological evidence found in and around Vijayanagaram. Tuhina (dew or frost), which is compared to the conjurer’s vibhūti (ash), has been omitted. This metaphor is rather complex; Āmuktamālyada Saundaryalaharī Vyākhyānam 535 and Āmuktamālyada Āndhra-vyākhyāna sahitamu 405 offer various interpretations.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)
Dhārāgṛha (धारागृह) refers to a “bath-house”, mentioned in verse 3.34-36 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] In groves in which the hot-rayed one is darkened by cloud-grazing huge Sal trees and Palmyra palms, [...] (there) one shall sleep at noon when pained by the heat of the sun; or in a bath-house [viz., dhārāgṛha] which cuscus-water is flowing from the breasts, hands, and mouth of a modelled woman. And on a moonbeam-flooded palace-roof garden (one shall fix) at night”.Source: Shodhganga: The Caraka Saṃhitā and the Suśruta Saṃhitā
Dhāragṛha (धारगृह) refers to a “room where water is sprinkled from the roof” according to the Carakasaṃhitā Cikitsāsthāna 24.158.—The patient of paittika type alcoholism is prescribed the following measures: use of cooling beds and seats (according to Suśruta it is a bed of blooming lotuses or of padmini petals covered with water droplets); walks in cool gardens; use of silk garments, lotus, water-lily, gems and pearls; and the application of sandal paste. Patients are advised to touch vessels of gold, silver and bronze filled with cold water and of leather bags containing ice, and embrace women smeared with sandal paste. The use of jalayantra (instrument for sprinkling water), vātayantra (instrument for blowing air in the room), and dhāragṛha (a room where water is sprinkled from the roof) are deemed beneficial.
Suśruta’s prescription is similar. The patient is recommended to bathe in a pond which has been cleaned, filled with fresh water and made fragrant with padma and utpala. Hereafter, we have the description of the house where the patient should retire. (cg. Suśrutasaṃhitā Uttaratantra 47.58.) Apart from being cooled by the artificial fountains (dhāragṛha), its floor are sprinkled with fragrant water and flowers; its walls pasted with patra, ambu and candana water and decorated with flowers of jātī, utpala, priyaka, keśara, puṇḍarika, punnāga, nāga and karavīra. The abundance of lotus pollen imparts a reddish hue to the interiors while the flower garlands waft in the carefully fanned breeze.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
dhārāgṛha (धारागृह).—n (S) A stream-house; a cool summer-house; an erection surrounded with tatties to be constantly watered, having jets d'eau playing in front.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Dhārāgṛha (धारागृह).—a bath-room with water-jets, a shower-bath or a house furnished with artificial jets or fountains of water; शिलाविशेषानधिशय्य निन्युर्धारागृहेष्वातपमृद्धिमन्तः (śilāviśeṣānadhiśayya ninyurdhārāgṛheṣvātapamṛddhimantaḥ) R.16.49.
Derivable forms: dhārāgṛham (धारागृहम्).
Dhārāgṛha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dhārā and gṛha (गृह).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Dhārāgṛha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dhārā and gṛha (गृह).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Dhārāgṛha (धारागृह):—[=dhārā-gṛha] [from dhārā > dhāra] n. a bath-room with flowing water, shower-bath, [Suśruta; Kāvya literature]
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Dhārāgṛha (धारागृह):—(1. dhā + gṛ) n. eine Art Badezimmer mit fliessendem Wasser [Suśruta 2, 485, 9.] [Bhartṛhari 1, 38.] yantrapravāhaiḥ śiśiraiḥ parītān -śilāviśeṣānadhiśayya ninyurdhārāgṛheṣvātapamṛddhimantaḥ [Raghuvaṃśa 16, 49.] — Vgl. yantra, jalayantragṛha, jalayantraniketana, jalayantramandira .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
Dhārāgṛha (धारागृह):—n. eine Art Badezimmer mit fliessendem oder springendem Wasser [Kād. (1872) 56,8.226,8.] Nom.abstr. tva n. [Vikramāṅkadevacarita 11,94.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Dharagrihatva.
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