Bahya-parigraha, Bahyaparigraha: 1 definition


Bahya-parigraha means something in Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Bahya-parigraha in Jainism glossary
Source: Jaina Yoga

Bahya-parigraha (बह्य-परिग्रह, “external attachment”) refers to one of the two divisions of parigraha (attachment) and is related to the Aparigraha-vrata (vow of non-attachment). Bahya-parigraha (external attachment) is with the ten or (in the more current enumeration) nine external objects of parigraha concerned with the (aparigraha-vrata) vow.

According to Śvetāmbara (see Devagupta’s Nava-pada-prakaraṇa with Laghu-vṛtti 58):

  1. kṣetra (land),
  2. vāstu (houses),
  3. hiraṇya (silver),
  4. suvarṇa (gold),
  5. dhana (diverse commodities),
  6. dhānya (grain),
  7. dvipada (servants and birds),
  8. catuṣpada (livestock),
  9. kupya (furniture),

According to Digambara (see Cāmuṇḍarāya’s Caritrasāra p. 7):

  1. kṣetra (land),
  2. vāstu (houses),
  3. hiraṇya (gold coins),
  4. suvarṇa (gold),
  5. dhana (livestock),
  6. dhānya (grain),
  7. dāsī (maidservants),
  8. dāsa (menservants),
  9. kupya (cloth),
  10. śayyāsana (beds),
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context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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