Dhanyaka, Dhānyaka, Dhānyakā, Dhanyāka, Dhānyāka: 16 definitions


Dhanyaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Cikitsa (natural therapy and treatment for medical conditions)

Source: Wisdom Library: Ayurveda: Cikitsa

Dhānyaka (धान्यक):—Another name for Kustumburu (Coriandrum sativum), a species of medicinal plant and used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda. It can also be spelled as Dhānyakā.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Dhānyaka (धान्यक) or Dhānya refers to the medicinal plant Coriandrum sativum L., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal.  The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Dhānyaka] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Dhānyaka (धान्यक) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Coriandrum sativum Linn.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning dhānyaka] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Dhānyaka (धान्यक) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Coriandrum sativum Linn. or “coriander” from the Apiaceae or “umbelliferae” family of flowering plants, according to verse 6.35-37 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu.—Dhānyaka is commonly known in Hindi as Dhaniyān; in Bengali as Dhāne; in Gujarati as Dhana; in Kannada as Kothambari; in Tamil as Kothamallī; and in Telugu as Dhaniyālū.

Dhānyaka is mentioned as having fifteen synonyms: Dhānyaja, Dhānya, Dhāneya, Dhanika, Kustumburū, Avalikā, Chatradhānya, Vitunnika, Sugandhi, Śākayogya, Sūkṣmapatra, Janapriya, Dhānyavīja, Vījadhānya and Vedhaka.

Properties and characteristics: “Dhānyaka is sweet, cooling, astringent and anti-pitta. It stimulates the digestive process and is indicated in fevers, cough, thirst, vomitting and in the diseases due to kapha”.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: eJournal of Indian Medicine: Jajjaṭa’s Nirantarapadavyākhyā and Other Commentaries on the Carakasaṃhitā

Dhānyaka (धान्यक) refers to Coriandrum sativum Linn., and is the name of a medicinal plant mentioned in the 7th-century Nirantarapadavyākhyā by Jejjaṭa (or Jajjaṭa): one of the earliest extant and, therefore, one of the most important commentaries on the Carakasaṃhitā.—Note: Dhānya  is a synonym of Dhānyaka.—(Cf. Glossary of Vegetable Drugs in Bṛhattrayī 213, Singh and Chunekar, 1999).—(Cf. Indian Medicinal Plants 2:184, Arya Vaidya Sala, 1993-96.)

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Dhanyaka in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Dhānyaka (धान्यक).—One of the eight saubhāgyas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 60. 8 and 28.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Dhanyaka in India is the name of a plant defined with Coriandrum sativum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Coriandrum majus Garsault, nom. inval. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. (1962)
· Deutschlands Flora, Abtheilung II, Cryptogamie (Sturm) (1904)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Les Figures des Plantes et Animaux d'Usage en Medecine (1764)
· Fl. Libya (1985)
· Prodromus Stirpium in Horto ad Chapel Allerton vigentium (1796)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Dhanyaka, for example chemical composition, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, side effects, health benefits, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhanyāka (धन्याक).—

1) A plant bearing a small pungent seed used as a condiment.

2) The seed of this plant (coriander).

Derivable forms: dhanyākam (धन्याकम्).

--- OR ---

Dhānyāka (धान्याक).—Coriander.

Derivable forms: dhānyākam (धान्याकम्).

See also (synonyms): dhānyā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhanyāka (धन्याक).—n.

(-kaṃ) A plant, bearing a small pungent seed used by the Hindus as a condiment, (Coriandrum sativum.) E. dhana to produce, (as grain,) deriv. irr. dhanyate bhakṣyārthibhiḥ . dhaniyā iti khyāte padārthe .

--- OR ---

Dhānyaka (धान्यक).—n.

(-kaṃ) Coriander, (C. sativum) E. kan added to dhānya; also dhanyāka and dhānyāka.

--- OR ---

Dhānyāka (धान्याक).—n.

(-kaṃ) Coriander. E. svārthe aṇ added to dhanyāka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhānyaka (धान्यक).—[dhānya + ka], 1. A substitute for dhānya in the latter part of a comp. word. kumbhī-, adj. Having vessels full of corn, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 7 (sufficing for one year, [Kullūka Schol. ed. [Mānavadharmaśāstra]]). kuśūla-, adj. Having granaries full of corn (sufficing for three years, [Kullūka Schol. ed. [Mānavadharmaśāstra]]), ib. bahu-, adj. Abounding in corn, Mahābhārata 2, 1187.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhānyaka (धान्यक).—(adj. —°) = [preceding] [neuter]; [neuter] coriander.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dhanyaka (धन्यक):—[from dhan] m. Name of a man, [Daśakumāra-carita]

2) Dhanyāka (धन्याक):—[from dhan] n. Coriandeum Sativum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Dhānyaka (धान्यक):—[from dhā] mfn. (ifc. for dhānya), grain, corn, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a man, [Daśakumāra-carita; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

5) [v.s. ...] n. = dhānyāka, coriander (cf. dhanyāka).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dhanyāka (धन्याक):—(kaṃ) 1. n. A plant (Coriandrum sativum).

2) Dhānyaka (धान्यक):—(kaṃ) 1. n. Coriander.

3) Dhānyāka (धान्याक):—(kaṃ) 1. n. Coriander.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dhanyaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dhanyāka (ಧನ್ಯಾಕ):—[noun] = ಧನ್ಯೆ - [dhanye -] 6 & 7.

--- OR ---

Dhānyaka (ಧಾನ್ಯಕ):—[noun] = ಧಾನ್ಯ - [dhanya -] 2 & 3.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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