Taila: 17 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Taila means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Taila (गुड, “oil”) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to “Herbal oils” and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. All traditional herbal oils are prepared with the base of Sesame oil (Sesamum indicum). It is also known by the name Tila (तिल).

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Taila (तैल) refers to “sesame-oil”, which is mentioned in verse 3.13 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] Having thereupon bathed according to ritual—with the oil removed by an astringent—,rubbed (one’s body) with musk-charged saffron, (and) fumigated (oneself) with aloe-wood one shall (at last) turn to [...] fresh victuals, lard, (and) sesame-oil [viz., taila]; (besides), to tepid water for purification (and) a bed covered with a quilt, hide, and silk, ramie, or goat’s-hair sheet [...]”.

Source: Academia.edu: Ayurveda and Pharmaceutics

Taila or snehapāka (Medicated oils): The medicated substances in the liquid form are boiled with recommended oils till all the water present is evaporated. The remaining oil is used as medicine both internally and externally. Oil for internal use is less boiled than those used externally. Example: Nirgunḍi taila. Oils used as external/topical application get absorbed well. The water based substances are not absorbed through skin. Hence, snehapāka is equal to parenteral route of drug administration. If honey bee or any other wax is added it turns into malaharam or ointment. Example: Sindhūrādi-lepam. The lepam (malaharam) or ointment form is more popular today than earlier. If ghṛta (ghee) is used in the place of oil, the resulting medicament is known as ghṛakalpa. Example: Jātyādighrita.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Taila (तैल) refers to “oils” according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Taila-prakaraṇa describes the properties of the oil prepared from tila (sesame), eraṇḍa (castor), sarṣapa (mustard), dhānya (grains), nimbi (neem), karpūra (camphor), nārikera (coconut), āmra (mango), kusumbha (safflower), tuvarī (horse gram) and kapittha (wood apple).

In the Taila or “oils” group of foodstuffs, the following substances are beneficial (hita) to the body: Tilataila (sesame oil). The following substances are harmful (ahita) to the body: Kusumbhataila (safflower oil).

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Taila (तैल) or Tila refers to the medicinal plant Sesamum indicum L. S. orientale L., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal.  The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Taila] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Taila (तैल) refers to “medicated oil” and is a Sanskrit technical term appearing in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva..—Taila is medicated oil containing herbal extracts. For preparing medicated oil three components are used. They are liquids like decoction, juice, milk, buttermilk, meat soup etc, paste of drugs and the oil. Proportion of the recipe is thus–paste one-fourth of oil and liquid four times of oil. If more liquids are mentioned, each of them should be taken equal to the quantity of oil. If no liquid is mentioned water should be added and unless otherwise mentioned gingili oil is used. These three components are mixed and cooked together. When it is properly cooked, large number of form appear at the surface. If poured on fire it will not make sound but burns and the paste will not stick on fingers. Then it is filtered and salt or alkali is added, if necessary.

Sometimes, oils are subjected to another process called gandhapāka, i.e. rendering fragrance. Four kinds ripeness are said for medicated oils, viz. āma (half), mṛdu (mild), madhyama (intermediate) and khara (hard). Among them half boiled is without quality, mild is for snuffing, intermediate is for all purposes and hard is for smearing on the body. It is notable that oils shall not be cooked by one day.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Taila (तैल, ‘sesamum oil’) is mentioned in the Atharvaveda, where reference is made to keeping such oil in jars. In the Śāṅkhāyana-āraṇyaka, reference is made to anointing with sesamum oil.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Taila (तैल) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Tailinī (or Tailī) forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Guṇacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the guṇacakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Taila] are whitish red in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Taila (तैल, “oil”) refers to one of the ten classifications of food (āhāra), also known as vikṛtis, according to the 12th century Yogaśāstra (verse 3.130) by Hemacandra. Taila refers to oil, which may be of four kinds: sesamum, flax (atasī), mustard, and saffron (kusumbha). Other oils are not for consumption as food but are used for preparing plaster or for sticking.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Taila.—oils; a branch of revenue according to the Artha- śāstra. See Ghoshal, H. Rev. Syst., p. 90. Note: taila is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

taila (तैल).—n S Oil.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

taila (तैल).—n Oil.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Taila (तैल).—[tilasya tatsadṛśasya vā vikāraḥ aṇ]

1) Oil; लभेत सिकतासु तैलमपि यत्नतः पीडयन् (labheta sikatāsu tailamapi yatnataḥ pīḍayan) Bh.2.5; Y.1.284; R.8.38.

2) Benzoin.

Derivable forms: tailam (तैलम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Taila (तैल).—n.

(-laṃ) 1. Oil, expressed oil, prepared from sesamum, mustard, &c. 2. Storax, gum benzoin, incense. E. tila sesamum, and aṇ aff. tilasya tatsadṛśasya vā vikāraḥ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Taila (तैल).—i. e. tila + a, n. 1. Oil, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 283. 2. Incense, [Varāhamihira's Bṛhajjātaka.] S. 76, 4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Taila (तैल).—[neuter] sesamum oil, oil i.[grammar]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Taila (तैल):—n. ([from] tila) sesamum oil, oil, [Atharva-veda i, 7, 2 (?); Kauśika-sūtra; Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa; Manu-smṛti] etc. (ifc. [Pāṇini 5-2, 29], Vārtt.4, [Patañjali]; ifc. f(ā). , [Kumāra-sambhava vii, 9])

2) olibanum, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā lxxvii, 4 and 6.]

3) m. Name of a king, [Inscriptions]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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