Caraka-samhita, Caraka-saṃhitā: 3 definitions



Caraka-samhita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Charakasamhita.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Caraka-samhita in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Carakasaṃhitā (चरकसंहिता) enjoys the prime position among Ayurvedic treatises. The text is written in the form of advices of the sage Ātreya to the sage Agniveśa. It is believed that Caraka edited these discussions around 3rd century CE which became popular by the name Carakasaṃhitā.

The text contains eight sections viz.—

  1. śūtrasthāna,
  2. nidānasthāna,
  3. vimānasthāna,
  4. śarīrasthāna,
  5. indriyasthāna,
  6. cikitsāsthāna,
  7. kalpasthāna,
  8. siddhisthāna.

Sūtrasthāna contains 30 chapters. Of them the first 28 chapters are divided into seven subsections namely catuṣakas viz. bheṣajacatuṣka, svāsthyacatuṣka, niraddeśacatuṣka, upakalpanācatuṣka, rogacatuṣka, yojanācatuṣka and annapānacatuṣka.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of caraka-samhita or carakasamhita in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Caraka-samhita in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Caraka Saṃhitā (चरक संहिता): An ancient Indian Ayurvedic text on internal medicine written by Caraka. It is believed to be the oldest of the three ancient treatises of Ayurveda.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Caraka-samhita in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Carakasaṃhitā (चरकसंहिता) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—med. by Śaraka. Io. 335. 359 (cikitsāsthāna). 1445 (indriyasthāna and rasavimānasthāna). 1535 (madanakalpa till uttarasiddhi). Cambr. 21 (3 first books). K. 212. B. 4, 222. Ben. 64. Bik. 635. Kāṭm. 12. Pheh. 2. Oudh. Xiv, 108. Xv, 140. Np. I, 16. V, 194. Bhr. 368. Proceed. Asb. 1865, 139. Oppert. Ii, 8210. Carakasūtra B. 4, 122. Report. Xxxvi. Bühler 558.
—[commentary] Np. V, 32.
—[commentary] by Agniveśa. Sb. 284.
—[commentary] by Kṛṣṇa Vaidya. Quoted Oxf. 318^a.
—[commentary] Carakatātparyadīpikā by Cakrapāṇidatta. L. 2160. Np. V, 194.
—[commentary] by Haricandra. Quoted Oxf. 187^b.

2) Carakasaṃhitā (चरकसंहिता):—Carakasū0tra. read B. 4, 222.

3) Carakasaṃhitā (चरकसंहिता):—med. [Bhau Dāji Memorial] 114. Io. 335 (1-5). 359 (cikitsāsthāna). 881 (2-5). 1445 (indriyasthāna and vimānasthāna). 1335 (7. 8). 1935 ([fragmentary] of the sūtrasthāna). Stein 182.

4) Carakasaṃhitā (चरकसंहिता):—med. by Caraka. Ulwar 1624. 1625 (Sūtrasthāna).

5) Carakasaṃhitā (चरकसंहिता):—med. Ak 925 (inc.). As p. 62 (Sūtrasthāna, and Pañcakarmādhikāra the first 11 chapters of the Siddhisthāna). Śg. 1, 183 p. 159 (inc.). Tb. 141. 142 (1-4. 6-8). 143 ([fragmentary]) 144 (5 and fragments of 3 and 5). 152 ([fragmentary]). C. Tātparyadīpikā by Cakrapāṇidatta. Tb. 145 (1-3). 146 (1, 13 up the end of the work).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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