Acarana, Acaraṇā, Ācaraṇa, Ācaraṇā: 16 definitions


Acarana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Acharana.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Ācaraṇa (आचरण) or Samayācaraṇa refers to the “practice (of the rule)”, according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, as the Goddess (i.e., Khageśī) said to the God (i.e., Bhairava), “[...] (Tell me) how the practice of the Rule [i.e., samaya-ācaraṇa] is; otherwise, I (cannot) cross over (this fettered state). I will abandon the Liṅga and follow your Command, as it is established by the tradition on the western path. And I will worship the first teachers. I will give up all that is forbidden in the Kaula (teachings), especially what is excluded from the teaching and I will practice in tranquillity (nirvāṇa)”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Acaraṇa (अचरण) refers to the “non-performance” (of vows), according to the Mālinīvijayottaratantra, chapter 18 (“appropriate conduct of the accomplished Yogin”) verses 18.74-81 (as quoted in the Tantrāloka verse 4.213-221ab).—Accordingly, “[...] And as regards the performance or non-performance (caraṇa-acaraṇa) of vows, etc., and entrance into sacred places, etc. [i.e., kṣetras, pīṭhas, and upapīṭhas], the observance of rules of action, and (those rules associated with) initiatory name, initiatory lineage, or the like [i.e., according to the lodge and the like of the initiate], whether the form, sectarian marks, and so on be one’s own or another’s—nothing is prescribed here regarding these, nor, contrariwise, prohibited. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Ācaraṇa (आचरण) refers to the “behaviour (of fools)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “[com.—Next he speaks about the behaviour of fools (mūrkhācaraṇa)]. Having abandoned the ruby of discrimination that fulfils all desires the one who is stupid is occupied with ideas that are unconsidered and pleasing. Also the unconsidered and pleasing teachings, which are vile, of those who are bad are practised by people who are controlled by [their] tongue and genitals, etc.”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ācaraṇa (आचरण).—n (S) Conduct or management of; transaction or performance of (a ceremony or business). 2 Deportment, demeanour, behaviour, procedure. ā0 karaṇēṃ g. of o. To practise or observe; to perform or carry out; to employ or use.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ācaraṇa (आचरण).—n Conduct; deportment; behavi- our. Performance of.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ācaraṇa (आचरण).—

1) Practising, doing, performing, following, observing; धर्म°, मंगल° (dharma°, maṃgala°) &c.

2) Conduct, behaviour; अधीतिबोधाचरणप्रचारणैः (adhītibodhācaraṇapracāraṇaiḥ) N.1.4. example (opp. precept); अधर्म°, दुर्° (adharma°, dur°) &c.

3) Usage, practice.

4) An institute; rite or rule of conduct.

5) Approaching, arrival (as of the dawn); ये अस्या आचरणेषु दध्रिरे (ye asyā ācaraṇeṣu dadhrire) Ṛgveda 1.48.3.

6) A chariot, carriage; cart.

Derivable forms: ācaraṇam (आचरणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ācaraṇa (आचरण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Following, observing, usage, practice. 2. An instituted rite or rule of conduct. E. āṅ before car to go, lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ācaraṇa (आचरण).—i. e. ā-car + ana, n. 1. Arrival, Chr. 287, 3 = [Rigveda.] i. 48, 3. 2. Conduct, Mahābhārata 15, 312.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ācaraṇa (आचरण).—[neuter] approach, arrival; conduct, behaviour; cart, carriage.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Acaraṇa (अचरण):—[=a-caraṇa] n. improper conduct, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n.

3) Ācaraṇa (आचरण):—[=ā-caraṇa] [from ā-car] n. approaching, arrival (as of the dawn), [Ṛg-veda i, 48, 3]

4) [v.s. ...] undertaking, practising, performing, [Kādambarī; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] conduct, behaviour, [Vedāntasāra], (cf. sv-āc)

6) [v.s. ...] a cart, carriage, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad] (m. [commentator or commentary])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ācaraṇa (आचरण):—[ā-caraṇa] (ṇaṃ) 1. n. Conduct.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ācaraṇa (आचरण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Āyarai, Āyaraṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Acarana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Acarana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ācaraṇa (आचरण) [Also spelled acharan]:—(nm) conduct; behaviour; practice; ~[raṇīya] worth practising/emulating; ~[rita] practised; performed; emulated.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ācaraṇa (ಆಚರಣ):—[noun] = ಆಚರಣೆ [acarane].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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