Calana: 11 definitions


Calana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chalana.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Calana (चलन, “trembling”) refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) made with the eyeballs (tārā), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

calana : (nt.) movement; trembling; agitation

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Calana, (adj. & nt.) shaking, trembling, vibrating; excitement J. III, 188; DhsA. 72.—f. calanī (quick, +laṅghī) a kind of antelope J. VI, 537. (Page 264)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

calana (चलन).—n (S) Moving, passing, departing. 2 f Currency or circulation of coins.

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cālana (चालन).—n (S) Turning over and about (tiles of a roof, pages of a book, betel-leaves, cards &c.): turning over (the calculations of the planets, the elements of a science &c.): i. e. turning in order to re-arrange, revise, examine, explore, search, sift. 2 The adding to or deducting from the result of a calculation to find the place of a heavenly body, of the proportional difference; in order to determine its place on a day future or past: also the difference so added or deducted. 3 Causing to proceed or move.

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cāḷaṇa (चाळण).—f (cālana S) A sieve or strainer. 2 fig. A well supplied by numerous springs; a cloth of loose texture, or one worn threadbare &c. 3 n (cāḷaṇēṃ) Act of sifting or straining. 4 Quantity to be sifted. 5 The chaff or dirt remaining after sifting or straining.

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cāḷaṇā (चाळणा).—m cāḷaviṇā m (cāḷaṇēṃ) A stirring stick (of grain &c. under parching or airing); a stick with a cloth rolled around the end.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

calana (चलन).—n Moving, passing, departing. Currency or circulation of coins.

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cālana (चालन).—n Turning over and about; causing to move.

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cāḷaṇa (चाळण).—f A sieve; fig. a cloth of loose texture. Act of sifting. Quantity to be sifted. The chaff after sifting.

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cāḷaṇā (चाळणा).—m A stirring stick.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Calana (चलन).—a. चल् भावे ल्युट् (cal bhāve lyuṭ)] Moving, tremulous, trembling, shaking.

-naḥ 1 A foot.

2) A deer.

-nam Trembling, shaking or shaking motion; चलनात्मकं कर्म (calanātmakaṃ karma) T. S.; हस्त°, जानु° (hasta°, jānu°) &c.; तरलदृगञ्चलचलनमनोहरवदनजनितरतिरागम् (taraladṛgañcalacalanamanoharavadanajanitaratirāgam) Gīt. 11.

2) Turning or leaving off.

3) Roaming, wandering.

-nī 1 A short petticoat worn by common women.

2) The rope for tying an elephant.

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Cālana (चालन).—[cal-ṇic bhāve lyuṭ]

1) Causing to move, shaking, wagging (as a tail);

2) Loosening.

3) Muscular action.

4) Causing to pass through a sieve, sifting.

5) A sieve.

-nī 1 A sieve, strainer; छिद्रं भद्रे हन्त पुच्छे तवेति, सूचीं ब्रूते चालनी दूषयन्ती (chidraṃ bhadre hanta pucche taveti, sūcīṃ brūte cālanī dūṣayantī) Subhāṣ.

2) A harlot; चालनी तु शतच्छिद्रे पुंश्चल्यामपि च स्त्रियाम् (cālanī tu śatacchidre puṃścalyāmapi ca striyām) Nm.

Derivable forms: cālanam (चालनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Calana (चलन).—(m. or nt.; only Mmk 63.2), calanika, m. (so also Mironov; only Mvy 5853), calanikā, f. (compare Sanskrit calanaka, once calanī, pw, and AMg. calaṇiā, defined a waist-cloth used by a nun, Ratnach.), short trousers (so Tibetan on Mvy, dor thuṅ): Mvy 5853 °nikaḥ; otherwise only in Mmk; nīla-(om. 63.2, 8)-paṭṭa-calanikā-(63.2 calana-)-nivasta (75.15 nivasita), clothed in short trousers of (blue) cloth, Mmk 63.2, 8; 75.15, 21, 23; 305.4, 7 (all prose); said of Bodhisattvas, all male; Lalou, Iconographie 33 et alibi, renders the word in all these passages by vêtement(s) flottant(s), which misses the true meaning.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Calana (चलन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-nī-naṃ) 1. Who or what goes or moves. 2. Trembling, tremulous, shaking. m.

(-naḥ) 1. A foot. 2. A deer, an antelope. f. (-nī) 1. A short petticoat worn by common women. 2. The tye of an elephant. n.

(-naṃ) 1. Wandering, roaming. 2. Trembling, shaking. 3. Going. E. cal to go, affix bhāve or karaṇe lyuṭ or yuc or karttari lyu .

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Cālana (चालन).—nf. (-naṃ-nī) A sieve, a strainer. n. (naṃ) 1. Causing to move or go. 2. Muscular action. E. cala in the causal, to make go, (grain, &c. through its pores,) ṇic bhāve lyuṭ and ṅīp affs.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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