Calana: 18 definitions


Calana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chalana.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Calana (चलन, “trembling”) refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) made with the eyeballs (tārā), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

calana : (nt.) movement; trembling; agitation

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Calana, (adj. & nt.) shaking, trembling, vibrating; excitement J. III, 188; DhsA. 72.—f. calanī (quick, +laṅghī) a kind of antelope J. VI, 537. (Page 264)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

calana (चलन).—n (S) Moving, passing, departing. 2 f Currency or circulation of coins.

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cālana (चालन).—n (S) Turning over and about (tiles of a roof, pages of a book, betel-leaves, cards &c.): turning over (the calculations of the planets, the elements of a science &c.): i. e. turning in order to re-arrange, revise, examine, explore, search, sift. 2 The adding to or deducting from the result of a calculation to find the place of a heavenly body, of the proportional difference; in order to determine its place on a day future or past: also the difference so added or deducted. 3 Causing to proceed or move.

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cāḷaṇa (चाळण).—f (cālana S) A sieve or strainer. 2 fig. A well supplied by numerous springs; a cloth of loose texture, or one worn threadbare &c. 3 n (cāḷaṇēṃ) Act of sifting or straining. 4 Quantity to be sifted. 5 The chaff or dirt remaining after sifting or straining.

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cāḷaṇā (चाळणा).—m cāḷaviṇā m (cāḷaṇēṃ) A stirring stick (of grain &c. under parching or airing); a stick with a cloth rolled around the end.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

calana (चलन).—n Moving, passing, departing. Currency or circulation of coins.

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cālana (चालन).—n Turning over and about; causing to move.

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cāḷaṇa (चाळण).—f A sieve; fig. a cloth of loose texture. Act of sifting. Quantity to be sifted. The chaff after sifting.

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cāḷaṇā (चाळणा).—m A stirring stick.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Calana (चलन).—a. चल् भावे ल्युट् (cal bhāve lyuṭ)] Moving, tremulous, trembling, shaking.

-naḥ 1 A foot.

2) A deer.

-nam Trembling, shaking or shaking motion; चलनात्मकं कर्म (calanātmakaṃ karma) T. S.; हस्त°, जानु° (hasta°, jānu°) &c.; तरलदृगञ्चलचलनमनोहरवदनजनितरतिरागम् (taraladṛgañcalacalanamanoharavadanajanitaratirāgam) Gīt. 11.

2) Turning or leaving off.

3) Roaming, wandering.

-nī 1 A short petticoat worn by common women.

2) The rope for tying an elephant.

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Cālana (चालन).—[cal-ṇic bhāve lyuṭ]

1) Causing to move, shaking, wagging (as a tail);

2) Loosening.

3) Muscular action.

4) Causing to pass through a sieve, sifting.

5) A sieve.

-nī 1 A sieve, strainer; छिद्रं भद्रे हन्त पुच्छे तवेति, सूचीं ब्रूते चालनी दूषयन्ती (chidraṃ bhadre hanta pucche taveti, sūcīṃ brūte cālanī dūṣayantī) Subhāṣ.

2) A harlot; चालनी तु शतच्छिद्रे पुंश्चल्यामपि च स्त्रियाम् (cālanī tu śatacchidre puṃścalyāmapi ca striyām) Nm.

Derivable forms: cālanam (चालनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Calana (चलन).—(m. or nt.; only (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 63.2), calanika, m. (so also Mironov; only Mahāvyutpatti 5853), calanikā, f. (compare Sanskrit calanaka, once calanī, [Boehtlingk], and AMg. calaṇiā, defined a waist-cloth used by a nun, [Ardha-Māgadhī Dictionary]), short trousers (so Tibetan on Mahāvyutpatti, dor thuṅ): Mahāvyutpatti 5853 °nikaḥ; otherwise only in (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa; nīla-(om. 63.2, 8)-paṭṭa-calanikā-(63.2 calana-)-nivasta (75.15 nivasita), clothed in short trousers of (blue) cloth, (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 63.2, 8; 75.15, 21, 23; 305.4, 7 (all prose); said of Bodhisattvas, all male; Lalou, Iconographie 33 et alibi, renders the word in all these passages by vêtement(s) flottant(s), which misses the true meaning.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Calana (चलन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-nī-naṃ) 1. Who or what goes or moves. 2. Trembling, tremulous, shaking. m.

(-naḥ) 1. A foot. 2. A deer, an antelope. f. (-nī) 1. A short petticoat worn by common women. 2. The tye of an elephant. n.

(-naṃ) 1. Wandering, roaming. 2. Trembling, shaking. 3. Going. E. cal to go, affix bhāve or karaṇe lyuṭ or yuc or karttari lyu .

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Cālana (चालन).—nf. (-naṃ-nī) A sieve, a strainer. n. (naṃ) 1. Causing to move or go. 2. Muscular action. E. cala in the causal, to make go, (grain, &c. through its pores,) ṇic bhāve lyuṭ and ṅīp affs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Calana (चलन).—[cal + ana], n. 1. Trembling, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 174. 2. Moving, Mahābhārata 12, 3708. 3. Swerving, Mahābhārata 3, 1319.

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Cālana (चालन).—i. e. cal, [Causal.], + ana, n. 1. Motion, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3. 26. 37. 2. Shaking. Mahābhārata 16, 267.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Calana (चलन).—[adjective] moving, going on foot, tremulous, fickle, wanton (woman); [feminine] ī = seq.; [neuter] stirring, trembling, shaking; motion, activity, function; swerving, leaving off ([ablative])

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Cālana (चालन).—[neuter] shaking, wagging, loosening, pushing away; [feminine] ī sieve, strainer.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Calana (चलन):—[from cal] mf(ā)n. moving, movable, tremulous, shaking, [Pāṇini 3-2, 148; Kapila’s Sāṃkhya-pravacana i, 129 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

2) [v.s. ...] moving on feet, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra viii, 2]

3) [v.s. ...] wanton (a woman), [xxii, 26]

4) [v.s. ...] m. a foot, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] an antelope, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] n. shaking motion, shaking, trembling, [Pāṇini 1-3, 87; iii, 2, 148; Rāmāyaṇa v, 36, 21; Pañcatantra] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] ‘motion’, action, function, [Vedāntasāra; Tarkasaṃgraha]

8) [v.s. ...] walking about, wandering, roaming, [Mahābhārata xii, 3708]

9) [v.s. ...] turning off from ([ablative]), [iii, 1319]

10) [v.s. ...] (a- [negative]), [Kathāsaritsāgara ic, 8] and, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa iii, 53]

11) [v.s. ...] the being disturbed, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha iii, 174]

12) Cālana (चालन):—[from cāla] n. causing to move, shaking, wagging (the tail), making loose, [Mahābhārata v, 2651; xvi, 267; Rāmāyaṇa vii, 16, 26; Suśruta; Pañcatantra; Bhartṛhari]

13) [v.s. ...] moving action (of the wind), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa iii, 26, 37]

14) [v.s. ...] throwing off (niḥsāraṇa; ‘muscular action’ [Horace H. Wilson]), [, x, 44, 5]

15) [v.s. ...] a term in astr.

16) [v.s. ...] causing to pass through a strainer, [Horace H. Wilson]

17) [v.s. ...] a strainer, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc. [Scholiast or Commentator]]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Calana (चलन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Wandering; trembling. m. A foot. f. Short petticoat. a. Going, trembling.

2) Cālana (चालन):—[(naṃ-nī)] 1. n. 3. f. A sieve. n. Impelling, making to go.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Calana (चलन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Calaṇa, Calaṇā, Cālaṇa, Cālaṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Calana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Calana (चलन) [Also spelled chalan]:—(nm) vogue; usage; custom; conduct; —[kalana] Differential Calculus; —[samīkaraṇa] differential equation; ~[sāra] durable; current.

2) Calanā (चलना) [Also spelled chalna]:—(v) to walk; to move, to proceed; to be in vogue/use/currency; to last; to flow; to be initiated/started (as [bāta]-), to be pressed into; used (as [lāṭhī]—); to blow (as [havā]—); to be thrown (as [tīra]—); to be effective; to go off (as [baṃduka]—); to be operated (as [maśīna]—); to be filed (as [mukadamā]—); to pass (as [sikkā]—); [cala nikalanā] to be consolidated; to get going, to make a progress; to flourish; [cala paḍanā] ([kāma ādi]) to catch on; [cala basanā] to pass away, to expire; [calate ghoḍe ko eḍa lagānā] to spur a willing horse.

3) Calānā (चलाना) [Also spelled chalana]:—(v) to cause to walk; to move; to drive; to guile, to pass (as [sikkā]—); to operate (as [maśīna]—); to manipulate (as [krena]—); to initiate (as [carcā]—); to throw/fire (as [golā, golī]—); to file (as [mukadamā]—).

4) Cālana (चालन) [Also spelled chalan]:—(nm) operation, working; driving; conduction.

5) Cālāna (चालान) [Also spelled chalan]:—(nm) a challan, invoice; prosecution; ~[dāra] an invoice-holder; -[bahī] an invoice book; —[karanā] to challan, to register a case (against).

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Calaṇa (चलण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Caraṇa.

2) Calaṇa (चलण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Calana.

3) Calaṇā (चलणा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Calanā.

4) Cālaṇa (चालण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Cālana.

5) Cālaṇa (चालण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Cālana.

6) Cālaṇā (चालणा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Cālanā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Calana (ಚಲನ):—

1) [noun] = ಚಲನೆ [calane].

2) [noun] that part of the foot on which a person stands of walks; the foot.

3) [noun] air in motion; wind.

4) [noun] (dance.) movement of eye-balls from side to side accompanied by repeated blinking of the eye-lids (as in expressing fear).

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Caḷaṇa (ಚಳಣ):—

1) [noun] the end part of the leg, on which a person or animal stands or moves; a foot.

2) [noun] a going about or round; a forward or onward movement or wandering.

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Caḷana (ಚಳನ):—

1) [noun] the act, manner or an instance of moving, walking.

2) [noun] the act or an instance of shivering, throbbing, quivering continuously and unsteadily.

3) [noun] the portion of the leg from ankle to the sole, on which one stands or moves; the foot.

4) [noun] air in motion; wind.

5) [noun] (dance.) one of the nine types of eye and eye-brow movements expressing different sentiments.

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Cālana (ಚಾಲನ):—

1) [noun] the act of moving, driving, shaking, wagging, etc, something.

2) [noun] the act of putting into action or motion or causing to take action; actuation; urge.

3) [noun] the act of putting or passing something through a sieve to separate fine particles of loose matter from coarser ones; a sieving.

4) [noun] the act of making loose or looser; a loosening.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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