Calana: 15 definitions



Calana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chalana.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Calana (चलन, “trembling”) refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) made with the eyeballs (tārā), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

calana : (nt.) movement; trembling; agitation

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Calana, (adj. & nt.) shaking, trembling, vibrating; excitement J. III, 188; DhsA. 72.—f. calanī (quick, +laṅghī) a kind of antelope J. VI, 537. (Page 264)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

calana (चलन).—n (S) Moving, passing, departing. 2 f Currency or circulation of coins.

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cālana (चालन).—n (S) Turning over and about (tiles of a roof, pages of a book, betel-leaves, cards &c.): turning over (the calculations of the planets, the elements of a science &c.): i. e. turning in order to re-arrange, revise, examine, explore, search, sift. 2 The adding to or deducting from the result of a calculation to find the place of a heavenly body, of the proportional difference; in order to determine its place on a day future or past: also the difference so added or deducted. 3 Causing to proceed or move.

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cāḷaṇa (चाळण).—f (cālana S) A sieve or strainer. 2 fig. A well supplied by numerous springs; a cloth of loose texture, or one worn threadbare &c. 3 n (cāḷaṇēṃ) Act of sifting or straining. 4 Quantity to be sifted. 5 The chaff or dirt remaining after sifting or straining.

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cāḷaṇā (चाळणा).—m cāḷaviṇā m (cāḷaṇēṃ) A stirring stick (of grain &c. under parching or airing); a stick with a cloth rolled around the end.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

calana (चलन).—n Moving, passing, departing. Currency or circulation of coins.

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cālana (चालन).—n Turning over and about; causing to move.

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cāḷaṇa (चाळण).—f A sieve; fig. a cloth of loose texture. Act of sifting. Quantity to be sifted. The chaff after sifting.

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cāḷaṇā (चाळणा).—m A stirring stick.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Calana (चलन).—a. चल् भावे ल्युट् (cal bhāve lyuṭ)] Moving, tremulous, trembling, shaking.

-naḥ 1 A foot.

2) A deer.

-nam Trembling, shaking or shaking motion; चलनात्मकं कर्म (calanātmakaṃ karma) T. S.; हस्त°, जानु° (hasta°, jānu°) &c.; तरलदृगञ्चलचलनमनोहरवदनजनितरतिरागम् (taraladṛgañcalacalanamanoharavadanajanitaratirāgam) Gīt. 11.

2) Turning or leaving off.

3) Roaming, wandering.

-nī 1 A short petticoat worn by common women.

2) The rope for tying an elephant.

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Cālana (चालन).—[cal-ṇic bhāve lyuṭ]

1) Causing to move, shaking, wagging (as a tail);

2) Loosening.

3) Muscular action.

4) Causing to pass through a sieve, sifting.

5) A sieve.

-nī 1 A sieve, strainer; छिद्रं भद्रे हन्त पुच्छे तवेति, सूचीं ब्रूते चालनी दूषयन्ती (chidraṃ bhadre hanta pucche taveti, sūcīṃ brūte cālanī dūṣayantī) Subhāṣ.

2) A harlot; चालनी तु शतच्छिद्रे पुंश्चल्यामपि च स्त्रियाम् (cālanī tu śatacchidre puṃścalyāmapi ca striyām) Nm.

Derivable forms: cālanam (चालनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Calana (चलन).—(m. or nt.; only (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 63.2), calanika, m. (so also Mironov; only Mahāvyutpatti 5853), calanikā, f. (compare Sanskrit calanaka, once calanī, [Boehtlingk], and AMg. calaṇiā, defined a waist-cloth used by a nun, [Ardha-Māgadhī Dictionary]), short trousers (so Tibetan on Mahāvyutpatti, dor thuṅ): Mahāvyutpatti 5853 °nikaḥ; otherwise only in (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa; nīla-(om. 63.2, 8)-paṭṭa-calanikā-(63.2 calana-)-nivasta (75.15 nivasita), clothed in short trousers of (blue) cloth, (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 63.2, 8; 75.15, 21, 23; 305.4, 7 (all prose); said of Bodhisattvas, all male; Lalou, Iconographie 33 et alibi, renders the word in all these passages by vêtement(s) flottant(s), which misses the true meaning.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Calana (चलन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-nī-naṃ) 1. Who or what goes or moves. 2. Trembling, tremulous, shaking. m.

(-naḥ) 1. A foot. 2. A deer, an antelope. f. (-nī) 1. A short petticoat worn by common women. 2. The tye of an elephant. n.

(-naṃ) 1. Wandering, roaming. 2. Trembling, shaking. 3. Going. E. cal to go, affix bhāve or karaṇe lyuṭ or yuc or karttari lyu .

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Cālana (चालन).—nf. (-naṃ-nī) A sieve, a strainer. n. (naṃ) 1. Causing to move or go. 2. Muscular action. E. cala in the causal, to make go, (grain, &c. through its pores,) ṇic bhāve lyuṭ and ṅīp affs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Calana (चलन).—[cal + ana], n. 1. Trembling, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 174. 2. Moving, Mahābhārata 12, 3708. 3. Swerving, Mahābhārata 3, 1319.

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Cālana (चालन).—i. e. cal, [Causal.], + ana, n. 1. Motion, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3. 26. 37. 2. Shaking. Mahābhārata 16, 267.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Calana (चलन).—[adjective] moving, going on foot, tremulous, fickle, wanton (woman); [feminine] ī = seq.; [neuter] stirring, trembling, shaking; motion, activity, function; swerving, leaving off ([ablative])

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Cālana (चालन).—[neuter] shaking, wagging, loosening, pushing away; [feminine] ī sieve, strainer.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Calana (चलन):—[from cal] mf(ā)n. moving, movable, tremulous, shaking, [Pāṇini 3-2, 148; Kapila’s Sāṃkhya-pravacana i, 129 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

2) [v.s. ...] moving on feet, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra viii, 2]

3) [v.s. ...] wanton (a woman), [xxii, 26]

4) [v.s. ...] m. a foot, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] an antelope, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] n. shaking motion, shaking, trembling, [Pāṇini 1-3, 87; iii, 2, 148; Rāmāyaṇa v, 36, 21; Pañcatantra] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] ‘motion’, action, function, [Vedāntasāra; Tarkasaṃgraha]

8) [v.s. ...] walking about, wandering, roaming, [Mahābhārata xii, 3708]

9) [v.s. ...] turning off from ([ablative]), [iii, 1319]

10) [v.s. ...] (a- [negative]), [Kathāsaritsāgara ic, 8] and, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa iii, 53]

11) [v.s. ...] the being disturbed, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha iii, 174]

12) Cālana (चालन):—[from cāla] n. causing to move, shaking, wagging (the tail), making loose, [Mahābhārata v, 2651; xvi, 267; Rāmāyaṇa vii, 16, 26; Suśruta; Pañcatantra; Bhartṛhari]

13) [v.s. ...] moving action (of the wind), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa iii, 26, 37]

14) [v.s. ...] throwing off (niḥsāraṇa; ‘muscular action’ [Horace H. Wilson]), [, x, 44, 5]

15) [v.s. ...] a term in astr.

16) [v.s. ...] causing to pass through a strainer, [Horace H. Wilson]

17) [v.s. ...] a strainer, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc. [Scholiast or Commentator]]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Calana (चलन):—(von 1. cal)

1) adj. oxyt. sich bewegend, beweglich u.s.w. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 2, 148.] [Amarakoṣa 3, 2, 24.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 239.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 372] (lies kampra st. kampa). [Medinīkoṣa Nalopākhyāna 61.] laghucalanagurutvaiḥ [Scholiast] zu [Kapila 1, 129.] —

2) m. a) Fuss [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 616.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] — b) Antilope [Jaṭādhara im Śabdakalpadruma] —

3) f. ī a) = vastraghargharī [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] = vastrayodhinī (?) [Medinīkoṣa] ein Unterrock bei Frauen niederen Standes (vgl. calanaka) [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 674.] — b) = vārībheda [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] ein Strick zum Binden der Elephanten [Śabdakalpadruma] [Wilson’s Wörterbuch] —

4) n. a) eine schwankende Bewegung, Bewegung, das Schwanken, Zittern; das Herumgehen, [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] (kampa). [Medinīkoṣa] (bhramaṇa und kampa). [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 3, 87. 3, 2, 148.] śailarājasya [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 36, 21.] taraladṛgañcala [Gītagovinda 11, 27.] hanu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 1, 15, Vārttika von Kātyāyana.] hastayoḥ [Pañcatantra II, 174.] jānu [252, 20.] śarīra [Vedānta lecture No. 83.] prāṇaḥ sarvasya calanaṃ karoti [GAUḌAP.] zu [SĀṂKHYAK. 29.] calanātmakaṃ karma [TARKASAM̃GR. 55.] mokṣe prayāṇe calane pānabhojanakālayoḥ [Mahābhārata 12, 3708.] a [Pañcatantra 214, 16.] Vgl. garbha, bhūmi, aśvacalanaśālā . — b) das Abweichen von, Ablassen von: svadharmāddhi manuṣyāṇāṃ calanaṃ na praśasyate [Mahābhārata 3, 1319.] vyavasāyādacalanaṃ dhairyaṃ vighne mahatyapi [Sāhityadarpana 94.]

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Cālana (चालन):—(vom caus. von cal)

1) n. das Bewegen, Hinundherbewegen: vāyoḥ (subj.) [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 26, 37.] parvatasya (obj.) [Mahābhārata 16, 267.] lāṅgūla [5, 2651.] [Bhartṛhari 2, 26.] das Lockern [Suśruta 1, 25, 2. 15.] —

2) f. ī Sieb [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 26.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 9, 5.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1018.] Auch n. [Bharata] zu [Amarakoṣa im Śabdakalpadruma] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi, Scholiast]

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Calana (चलन):—

4) a) das Wanken, Schwanken (eig. und übertr.): audārikādikāyādicalanadvāreṇātmanaścalanam [SARVADARŚANAS. 36, 16.] — b) pratipannādacalanam [Kathāsaritsāgara 99, 8.]

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Cālana (चालन):—

1) n. a) das Bewegen, Wankenmachen: vāyurvyūhane cālane ca [Oxforder Handschriften 225,a,8 v. u.] parvatasya [Rāmāyaṇa 7, 16, 26.] — b) das Vonsichstossen [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 44, 5.] = kaṇṭhādilagnasya niḥsāraṇam [Scholiast] — c) dvisaṃkrāntiyuktātkṣayamāsādādyasaṃkrānteḥ kvacitpūrvatra cālanasaṃskāro (?) sti [WEBER, Jyotiṣa 103.] —

2) [Spr. 2876.]

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Cālana (चालन):—

1) hastayoḥ [Spr. (II) 3014.] —

2) [Spr. (II) 394.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Calana (चलन):——

1) Adj. (f. ā) — a) sich bewegend , beweglich , schwankend. — b) auf Füssen gehend [Gautama's Dharmaśāstra 8,2.] — c) liederlich (Weib) [Gautama's Dharmaśāstra 22,26.] —

2) *m. — a) Fuss. — b) Antilope.

3) f. ī — a) ein Unterrock bei Frauen niedern Standes [Hemacandra's Pariśiṣṭaparvan 8,267] (einer Tänzerin). — b) *ein Strick zum Binden der Elephanten.

4) n. — a) das Sichhinundherbewegen , Bewegung , das Schwanken , Zittern. — b) Bewegung , so v.a. Thätigkeit , Function [271,14.21.] — c) das aus dem Geleise — , aus der Ruhe Kommen. — d) das Weichen — , Ablassen von (Abl.).

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Cālana (चालन):——

1) n. — a) das Bewegen , Hinundherbewegen , Wankenmachen , Lockern. — b) das Vonsichstossen. — c) ein best. Ausdruck aus der Astronomie

2) (*n.) und f. ī Sieb , Seihe [Mahīdhara] zu [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 19,16.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Calana (चलन) [Also spelled chalan]:—(nm) vogue; usage; custom; conduct; —[kalana] Differential Calculus; —[samīkaraṇa] differential equation; ~[sāra] durable; current.

2) Calanā (चलना) [Also spelled chalna]:—(v) to walk; to move, to proceed; to be in vogue/use/currency; to last; to flow; to be initiated/started (as [bāta]-), to be pressed into; used (as [lāṭhī]—); to blow (as [havā]—); to be thrown (as [tīra]—); to be effective; to go off (as [baṃduka]—); to be operated (as [maśīna]—); to be filed (as [mukadamā]—); to pass (as [sikkā]—); [cala nikalanā] to be consolidated; to get going, to make a progress; to flourish; [cala paḍanā] ([kāma ādi]) to catch on; [cala basanā] to pass away, to expire; [calate ghoḍe ko eḍa lagānā] to spur a willing horse.

3) Calānā (चलाना) [Also spelled chalana]:—(v) to cause to walk; to move; to drive; to guile, to pass (as [sikkā]—); to operate (as [maśīna]—); to manipulate (as [krena]—); to initiate (as [carcā]—); to throw/fire (as [golā, golī]—); to file (as [mukadamā]—).

4) Cālana (चालन) [Also spelled chalan]:—(nm) operation, working; driving; conduction.

5) Cālāna (चालान) [Also spelled chalan]:—(nm) a challan, invoice; prosecution; ~[dāra] an invoice-holder; -[bahī] an invoice book; —[karanā] to challan, to register a case (against).

context information


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