Alasya, Ālasya, Alāsya, Ālāsya, Ālasyā: 21 definitions

Introduction:

Alasya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Alasy.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Ālasya (आलस्य) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to “laziness”. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Ālasya (आलस्य) refers to “indolence”, mentioned in verse 4.13-14 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] (From the restraint) of sleep (result) stupor, heaviness of head and eyes, indolence [viz., ālasya], yawning, and rheumatism. In this case sleep and massages (are) desirable”.

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Ālasya (आलस्य):—Loss of enthusiasm, idleness , want of energy, apathetic, Reluctance to work or make an effort, laziness

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Ālasya (आलस्य, “indolence”).—One of the thirty-three ‘transitory states’ (vyabhicāribhāva), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. It is also known as Alasatā. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.8-9)

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Ālasya (आलस्य, “indolence”) is caused by determinants (vibhāva) such as nature, lassitude, sickness, satiety, pregnancy and the like. And it relates to women, and men of the inferior type. It it to be represented on the stage by consequents (anubhāva) such as aversion to any kind of work, lying down, sitting, drowsiness, sleep and the like.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Alasya (अलस्य) refers to “one who is lazy”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, while describing the signs of one who is not a Siddha: “He is excessively tall, bald, deformed, short, dwarfish, his nose is ugly or he has black teeth and is wrathful . Some of his limbs are missing and is deceitful, cripple and deformed, foolish, inauspicious, envious, deluded, badly behaved, and violent; without any teacher, he is devoid of the rites, he maligns the Krama without cause, he is not devoted to the Siddhas, he (always) suffers and is without wisdom. He is (always) ill and one should know that he is (always) attached (to worldly objects) and has no scripture. He has no energy and is dull and lazy [i.e., alasya]. Ugly, he lives by cheating and, cruel, he is deluded, and devoid of (any) sense of reality. Such is the characteristic of one who is not accomplished (asiddha) in a past life”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Ālasyā (आलस्या) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Ālasyacinta forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Vākcakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the vākcakra refers to one of the three divisions of the nirmāṇa-puṭa (emanation layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Ālasyā] and Vīras are reddish madder in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ālasya : (nt.) sloth; laziness.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ālasya (आलस्य).—n S Sloth, laziness, indolence.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ālasya (आलस्य).—n Sloth; indolence.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Alasya (अलस्य).—a. Idle, lazy.

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Alāsya (अलास्य).—a. Devoid of dancing, idle, unengaged; मृदङ्गशब्दापगमादलास्याः (mṛdaṅgaśabdāpagamādalāsyāḥ) R.16.14.

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Ālasya (आलस्य).—a. Idle, slothful, apathetic.

-syam [alasasya bhāvaḥ, ṣyañ]

1) Idleness, sloth, want of energy; प्रमादालस्य- निद्राभिः (pramādālasya- nidrābhiḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 14.8. शक्तस्य चाप्यनुत्साहः कर्मस्वालस्यमुच्यते (śaktasya cāpyanutsāhaḥ karmasvālasyamucyate) Suśr.; आलस्यं हि मनुष्याणां शरीरस्थो महारिपुः (ālasyaṃ hi manuṣyāṇāṃ śarīrastho mahāripuḥ) Bhartṛhari 2.86. आलस्य (ālasya) 'want of energy' is regarded as one of the 33 subordinate feelings (व्यभिचारि भाव (vyabhicāri bhāva); for example:न तथा भूषयत्यङ्गं न तथा भाषते सखीम् । जृम्भते मुहुरासीना बाला गर्भभरालसा (na tathā bhūṣayatyaṅgaṃ na tathā bhāṣate sakhīm | jṛmbhate muhurāsīnā bālā garbhabharālasā) S. D.183.

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Ālāsya (आलास्य).—[alaṃ paryāptamāsyaṃ asya] A crocodile.

Derivable forms: ālāsyaḥ (आलास्यः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ālasya (आलस्य).—mfn.

(-syaḥ-syī-syaṃ) Idle, slothful, apathetic. n.

(-syaṃ) Idleness, sloth. E. alasa idle, and yañ aff.

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Ālāsya (आलास्य).—m.

(-syaḥ) A crocodile. E. āla wide, large, and āsya a mouth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ālasya (आलस्य).—i. e. alasa + ya, n. Idleness, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 74.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ālasya (आलस्य).—[neuter] sloth, idleness.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Alāsya (अलास्य):—[=a-lāsya] [from a-lasa] a mfn. (said of peacocks) not dancing, idle, [Raghuvaṃśa xvi, 14.]

2) b mfn. See a-lasa above.

3) Ālāsya (आलास्य):—[from āla] m. ‘poison-mouthed’, a crocodile, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Ālasya (आलस्य):—[from ālasa] n. idleness, sloth, want of energy, [Mahābhārata; Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Suśruta] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] mfn. idle, slothful, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ālasya (आलस्य):—(syaṃ) 1. n. Idleness.

2) Ālāsya (आलास्य):—[ālā+sya] (syaḥ) 1. m. A crocodile.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ālasya (आलस्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ālassa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Alasya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ālasya (आलस्य) [Also spelled alasy]:—(nm) same as [ālasa] (see).

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ālasya (ಆಲಸ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] = ಆಲಸ [alasa]2 - 3.

2) [noun] want of health; sickness.

3) [noun] a lazy, indolent man.

4) [noun] weariness caused by mental or bodily labour; fatigue.

5) [noun] the condition or quality of being tiresome, wearisome, boring; tedium; boredom.

6) [noun] (dance) expression of the lethargic feeling, as one of the thirty three minor sentiments.

7) [noun] ಆಲಸ್ಯಂ ಅಮೃತಂ ವಿಷಂ [alasyam amritam visham] ālasyam a mřtam viṣam (sent.) idleness is the root of all evils; ಆಲಸ್ಯದವನಿಗೆ ಎರಡು ಕೆಲಸ, ಲೋಭಿಗೆ ಮೂರು ಖರ್ಚು [alasyadavanige eradu kelasa, lobhige muru kharcu] ālasyadavanige eraḍu kelasa, lōbhige mūru kharcu idle folks have the most labour.

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Ālāsya (ಆಲಾಸ್ಯ):—[noun] any of large, flesh-eating, lizardlike crocodilian reptiles of Crocodylinae sub-family living in or around tropical streams and having thick, horny skin composed of scales and plates, a long tail, and a long, narrow, triangular head with massive jaws; a crocodile.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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