Styana, Styāna: 13 definitions


Styana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Styāna (स्त्यान):—[styānaṃ] Feeling of heaviness, Thick, solid, Massive

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Styāna (स्त्यान, “lethargy”) refers to one of ten types of manifestly active defilements (paryavasthāna) according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 13.—The Bodhisattvas (accompanying the Buddha at Rājagṛha on the Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata) excelled in destroying various these ten manifestly active defilements (e.g., Styāna).

2) Styāna (स्त्यान) refers to “laziness”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 19).—Great fruits are promised for the generosity accomplished by a person endowed with morality (śīlavat) who, according to the Aṅguttara, is free of the five faults and provided with five qualities. The five faults, viz., sensual desire (kāma) and the desire of action (chanda); maliciousness (vyāpāda); laziness (styāna) and languor (middha); agitation (auddhatya) and regret (kaukṛtya) and finally, doubt (vicikitsā) are borrowed from the list of paryavasthānas which the practice of generosity helps to eliminate. The Mppś has already given a complete list of the (cf. Treatise, I, p. 424F).

Source: WikiPedia: Mahayana Buddhism

Styāna (स्त्यान) refers to “lethargy”; Cf. Laya and Auddhatya, representing one of the “five faults” (ādīnava), connected with śamatha (“access concentration”), according to Kamalaśīla and the Śrāvakabhūmi section of the Yogācārabhūmi-śāstra.—Laxity (laya) may be coarse (audārika, rags-pa) or subtle (sūksma, phra-mo). Lethargy (styāna, rmugs-pa) is often also present, but is said to be less common.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Styāna (स्त्यान, “sloth”) refers to one of the fourty “conditions” (saṃskāra) that are “associated with mind” (citta-samprayukta) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 30). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., styāna). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Styāna also refers to one of the “twenty-four minor defilements” (upakleśa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 69).

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Styāna (स्त्यान).—a. [styai-kta]

1) Collected into a mass; पर्यन्तप्रतिरोधिमेदुरचयस्त्यानं चिताज्योतिषाम् (paryantapratirodhimeduracayastyānaṃ citājyotiṣām) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 5.11; घनतरुशिखरे स्त्याननीलस्वरूपाम् (ghanataruśikhare styānanīlasvarūpām) (raktadhārām) Nāg.5.8.

2) Thick, bulky, gross; स्त्यानेनार्द्रेण चाक्तः स्वयमनुभविता भूषणं भीममस्मि (styānenārdreṇa cāktaḥ svayamanubhavitā bhūṣaṇaṃ bhīmamasmi) Ve. 5.35.

3) Soft, bland, smooth, unctuous; स्त्यानावनद्धघन- शोणितशोणपाणिः (styānāvanaddhaghana- śoṇitaśoṇapāṇiḥ) Ve.1.21.

4) Sounding.

-nam 1 Thickness, grossness, increase in magnitude or bulk; दधति कुहर- भाजामत्र भल्लूकयूनामनुरसितगुरूणि स्त्यानमम्बूकृतानि (dadhati kuhara- bhājāmatra bhallūkayūnāmanurasitagurūṇi styānamambūkṛtāni) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 9.6; Uttararāmacarita 2.21; Mv.5.41.

2) Unctuousness.

3) Nectar.

4) Sloth, idleness.

5) Echo, sound.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Styāna (स्त्यान).—nt., also (semi-MIndic) stīna, thīna, qq.v. (as noun rare in Sanskrit; = Pali thīna, AMg. thīṇa), sluggish- ness, languor, torpor: °nam Mahāvyutpatti 1981 = Tibetan rmugs pa, languor (followed by middham 1982); Dharmasaṃgraha 30, 69 (in 69 middham also occurs, not immediately following; this is a list of upakleśa); chiefly in [compound] styāna-middha, see next.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Styāna (स्त्यान).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) 1. Bland, soft, unctuous, smooth. 2. Thick, bulky, gross. 3. Collecting into a mass. 4. Sounding. n.

(-naṃ) 1. Thickness, grossness, massiveness. 2. Idleness, sloth. 3. Echo. 4. Unctuousness. 5. Nectar. E. styai to sound, kta aff.; ta changed to na.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Styāna (स्त्यान).—[adjective] coagulate, stiff, rigid.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Styāna (स्त्यान):—[from styai] mfn. grown dense, coagulated, [Suśruta; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] stiffened, become rigid, [Caraka]

3) [v.s. ...] soft, bland, unctuous, smooth (= snigdha), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] thick, bulky, gross, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] sounding, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

6) [v.s. ...] n. (only [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) density, thickness, grossness, massiveness

7) [v.s. ...] unctuousness

8) [v.s. ...] nectar

9) [v.s. ...] idleness, sloth, apathy

10) [v.s. ...] echo, sound.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Styāna (स्त्यान):—[(naḥ-nā-naṃ) a.] Bland, unctuous, smooth, thick. n. Thickness; idleness; echo.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Styāna (स्त्यान) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṭhīṇa, Thiṇṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Styana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Styāna (ಸ್ತ್ಯಾನ):—

1) [adjective] made of a large number of things; mass.

2) [adjective] stout; fat.

3) [adjective] soft; smooth.

4) [adjective] curdled; coagulated; solidified.

--- OR ---

Styāna (ಸ್ತ್ಯಾನ):—

1) [noun] solidified ghee (clarified butter).

2) [noun] the quality of being stout, fat; stoutness.

3) [noun] ambrosia, the food of gods.

4) [noun] lack of energy, alertness or vigour; sluggishness.

5) [noun] a sound that is repeated by the reflection of sound ways from a surface.

6) [noun] lack of capacity, fitness; incapacity; disability.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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