Styana, Styāna: 7 definitions


Styana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Styāna (स्त्यान, “lethargy”) refers to one of ten types of manifestly active defilements (paryavasthāna) according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 13.—The Bodhisattvas (accompanying the Buddha at Rājagṛha on the Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata) excelled in destroying various these ten manifestly active defilements (eg., Styāna).

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Styāna (स्त्यान, “sloth”) refers to one of the fourty “conditions” (saṃskāra) that are “associated with mind” (citta-samprayukta) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 30). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., styāna). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Styāna also refers to one of the “twenty-four minor defilements” (upakleśa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 69).

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Styāna (स्त्यान).—a. [styai-kta]

1) Collected into a mass; पर्यन्तप्रतिरोधिमेदुरचयस्त्यानं चिताज्योतिषाम् (paryantapratirodhimeduracayastyānaṃ citājyotiṣām) Māl.5.11; घनतरुशिखरे स्त्याननीलस्वरूपाम् (ghanataruśikhare styānanīlasvarūpām) (raktadhārām) Nāg.5.8.

2) Thick, bulky, gross; स्त्यानेनार्द्रेण चाक्तः स्वयमनुभविता भूषणं भीममस्मि (styānenārdreṇa cāktaḥ svayamanubhavitā bhūṣaṇaṃ bhīmamasmi) Ve. 5.35.

3) Soft, bland, smooth, unctuous; स्त्यानावनद्धघन- शोणितशोणपाणिः (styānāvanaddhaghana- śoṇitaśoṇapāṇiḥ) Ve.1.21.

4) Sounding.

-nam 1 Thickness, grossness, increase in magnitude or bulk; दधति कुहर- भाजामत्र भल्लूकयूनामनुरसितगुरूणि स्त्यानमम्बूकृतानि (dadhati kuhara- bhājāmatra bhallūkayūnāmanurasitagurūṇi styānamambūkṛtāni) Māl.9.6; U.2.21; Mv.5.41.

2) Unctuousness.

3) Nectar.

4) Sloth, idleness.

5) Echo, sound.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Styāna (स्त्यान).—nt., also (semi-MIndic) stīna, thīna, qq.v. (as noun rare in Sanskrit; = Pali thīna, AMg. thīṇa), sluggish- ness, languor, torpor: °nam Mahāvyutpatti 1981 = Tibetan rmugs pa, languor (followed by middham 1982); Dharmasaṃgraha 30, 69 (in 69 middham also occurs, not immediately following; this is a list of upakleśa); chiefly in [compound] styāna-middha, see next.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Styāna (स्त्यान).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) 1. Bland, soft, unctuous, smooth. 2. Thick, bulky, gross. 3. Collecting into a mass. 4. Sounding. n.

(-naṃ) 1. Thickness, grossness, massiveness. 2. Idleness, sloth. 3. Echo. 4. Unctuousness. 5. Nectar. E. styai to sound, kta aff.; ta changed to na.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Styāna (स्त्यान).—[adjective] coagulate, stiff, rigid.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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