Styana, aka: Styāna; 4 Definition(s)


Styana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Styāna (स्त्यान, “lethargy”) refers to one of ten types of manifestly active defilements (paryavasthāna) according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 13.—The Bodhisattvas (accompanying the Buddha at Rājagṛha on the Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata) excelled in destroying various these ten manifestly active defilements (eg., Styāna).

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Styāna (स्त्यान, “sloth”) refers to one of the fourty “conditions” (saṃskāra) that are “associated with mind” (citta-samprayukta) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 30). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., styāna). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Styāna also refers to one of the “twenty-four minor defilements” (upakleśa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 69).

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Styāna (स्त्यान).—a. [styai-kta]

1) Collected into a mass; पर्यन्तप्रतिरोधिमेदुरचयस्त्यानं चिताज्योतिषाम् (paryantapratirodhimeduracayastyānaṃ citājyotiṣām) Māl.5.11; घनतरुशिखरे स्त्याननीलस्वरूपाम् (ghanataruśikhare styānanīlasvarūpām) (raktadhārām) Nāg.5.8.

2) Thick, bulky, gross; स्त्यानेनार्द्रेण चाक्तः स्वयमनुभविता भूषणं भीममस्मि (styānenārdreṇa cāktaḥ svayamanubhavitā bhūṣaṇaṃ bhīmamasmi) Ve. 5.35.

3) Soft, bland, smooth, unctuous; स्त्यानावनद्धघन- शोणितशोणपाणिः (styānāvanaddhaghana- śoṇitaśoṇapāṇiḥ) Ve.1.21.

4) Sounding.

-nam 1 Thickness, grossness, increase in magnitude or bulk; दधति कुहर- भाजामत्र भल्लूकयूनामनुरसितगुरूणि स्त्यानमम्बूकृतानि (dadhati kuhara- bhājāmatra bhallūkayūnāmanurasitagurūṇi styānamambūkṛtāni) Māl.9.6; U.2.21; Mv.5.41.

2) Unctuousness.

3) Nectar.

4) Sloth, idleness.

5) Echo, sound.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 11 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Styānamiddha (स्त्यानमिद्ध).—nt. (= Pali thīna-m°; in Pali and BHS analyzed as styāna plus midd...
Styānagṛddhi (स्त्यानगृद्धि, “somnambulism”) or Styānarddhi refers to “sleep walking” (committi...
Saṃskāra (संस्कार).—m. (= Pali saṃkhāra; both mgs. clearly foreshadowed in Sanskrit, but here t...
Pārśva (पार्श्व).—(m., nt. ?), lying or leaning on one's side, leaning, slouching: in comp. wit...
Nīvaraṇa (नीवरण, “obstacles”) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XX...
Kleśa (क्लेश).—(also semi-MIndic kileśa), m. (= Pali kilesa), impurity, depravity; on relation ...
Thīna, (nt.) (Sk. styāna; orig. pp. of styāyate to become hard, to congeal; steịā (cp. also t...
Auddhatya (औद्धत्य).—[uddhata-ṣyañ]1) Arrogance, insolence.2) Boldness, bold or adventurous dee...
Paryavasthāna (पर्यवस्थान).—nt. (once m., Divy 458.14; seems = Pali pariyuṭṭhāna in meaning 1, ...
Upakleśa (उपक्लेश) or Pañcadṛṣṭi refers to the “twenty-four minor defilements” as defined in th...
Stīna (स्तीन).—(= Pali thīna; § 3.115) = styāna, q.v.: -mid-dhaṃ, v.l. of Kashgar recension for...

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