Middha; 9 Definition(s)


Middha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

N (Torpor).

(Source): Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

Middha ('sloth'): Combined with thīna, 'torpor', it forms one of the 5 hindrances (nīvarana). Both may be associated with greedy consciousness (s. Tab. III and I, 23, 25, 27, 29).

(Source): Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).


Middha (torpor) is part of the “miscellaneous team”.—Middha is torpor and it is laziness or sluggishness or unalertness or inactiveness of cetasikas. (See Sloth and Torpor)

(Source): Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama

Middha (torpor or languor).—The Dhammasangani calls sloth (thina) indisposition and unwieldiness of cetasikas. The manifestation of torpor is "shrinking in taking the object" or drowsiness.

(Source): Dhamma Study: Cetasikas
Abhidhamma book cover
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Abhidhamma (अभिधम्म) usually refers to the last section (piṭaka) of the Pali canon and includes schematic classifications of scholastic literature dealing with Theravāda Buddhism. Primary topics include psychology, philosophy, methodology and metaphysics which are rendered into exhaustive enumerations and commentaries.


middha : (nt.) torpor; drowsiness.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Middha, (nt.) (orig. pp. perhaps to Vedic mid (?) to be fat=medh, as DhsA. 378 gives “medhatī ti middhaṃ. ” — More likely however connected with Sk. methi (pillar=Lat. meta), cp. Prk. medhi. The meaning is more to the point too, viz. “stiff. ” Thus semantically identical with thīna.—BSk. also middha, e.g. Divy 555) torpor, stupidity, sluggishness D. I, 71 (thīna°); Sn. 437; A. V, 18; Dhs. 1157; Miln. 299, 412 (appa° not slothful, i.e. diligent, alert); Vism. 450 (°rūpa; +rogarūpa, jātirūpa, etc., in def. of rūpa); DA. I, 211 (expld as cetasika gelañña: see on this passage Dhs. trsl. §1155); Sdhp. 459.—See thīna. (Page 533)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Middha (मिद्ध, “languor”) refers to one of ten types of manifestly active defilements (paryavasthāna) according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 13.—The Bodhisattvas (accompanying the Buddha at Rājagṛha on the Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata) excelled in destroying various these ten manifestly active defilements (eg., Middha).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

General definition (in Buddhism)

Middha (मिद्ध, “torpor”) refers to one of the “twenty-four minor defilements” (upakleśa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 69). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., middha). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Middha (मिद्ध).—

1) Sloth, indolence.

2) Torpor, sleepiness, dulness (of spirits also).

Derivable forms: middham (मिद्धम्).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Relevant definitions

Search found 16 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Thina Middha
sloth and torpor; Sloth and torpor are two akusala cetasikas which are classified as a pair ...
Thina Middha Nivarana
sloth torpor tagged thoughts See Upacara Bhavana
nivāraṇa (निवारण).—m Turning back. Prohibiting.
Thīna, (nt.) (Sk. styāna; orig. pp. of styāyate to become hard, to congeal; steịā (cp. also t...
Five Hindrances
the 5: nīvarana.
Sloth And Torpor
Part of the Miscellaneous Team. These two cetasikas (thina and middha) arise together and they ...
Appa, (adj.) (Vedic alpa, cp. Gr. a)lapάzw (lapάzw) to empty (to make little), a)lapadnόs weak;...
Paryavasthāna (पर्यवस्थान, “entanglements”).—The Bodhisattvas (accompanying the Buddha at Rājag...
Upakleśa (उपक्लेश) or Pañcadṛṣṭi refers to the “twenty-four minor defilements” as defined in th...
Miscellaneous Team
Part of the akusala cetasikas. There are 3 miscellaneous cetasikas which are included in akusal...
Upacara Bhavana
When the practitioner becomes more mature, his mind becomes much much more concentrated. This i...
middha, s. nīvarana.
thīna, s. thīna-middha.
Middhin, (adj.) (fr. middha) torpid, drowsy, sluggish Dh. 325 (=thīnamiddh’âbhibhūta DhA. IV, 1...
N (Laziness (thina); Torpor (middha)).

Relevant text

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