Alasa, Alasā, Alāsa, Alasha: 27 definitions


Alasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Alasā (अलसा).—A deity.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 27. 38.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Alasa (अलस) refers to a “half-closed/half-opnened bud” (of a flower), as mentioned in a list of ten synonyms, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Alasa] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra

Alasa (अलस) refers to “one who is a lazy”, representing an undesirable characteristic of an Ācārya, according to the 9th-century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra Ādikāṇḍa chapter 3.—The Lord said:—“I will tell you about the Sthāpakas endowed with perverse qualities. He should not construct a temple with those who are avoided in this Tantra. [...] He should not be very dark, without compassion, a sinner, nor emaciated, short or lazy (alasa), he should not be injured, uncultured, agitated and not depressed. [...] A god enshrined by any of these named above (viz., alasa), is in no manner a giver of fruit. If a building for Viṣṇu is made anywhere by these excluded types (viz., alasa) then that temple will not give rise to enjoyment and liberation and will yield no reward, of this there is no doubt”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Alasa (अलस, “indolent”) refers to one of the sixty defects of mantras, according to the 11th century Kulārṇava-tantra: an important scripture of the Kaula school of Śāktism traditionally stated to have consisted of 125.000 Sanskrit verses.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Śrī Devī: “For those who do japa without knowing these defects [e.g., alasa—indolent], there is no realization even with millions and billions of japa. [...] Oh My Beloved! there are ten processes for eradicating defects in Mantras as described. [...]”.

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Alasa (अलस) refers to “she who is fatigued”, according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—Accordingly, “That, O goddess, is said to be the subtle (form), now listen to the gross one. [...] The great conch (she holds) makes her proud and the beauty of her crown enhances her beauty. (She is) adorned with a garland of severed heads that extends from the soles of the feet up to (her) neck. She drips with the blood that flows (from the heads) and is fatigued by the weight of her (dangling) rocking hair [i.e., lulat-keśa-bhara-alasā]. Very fierce, she destroys (the universe) by licking (it up). She has big teeth and a thin stomach. She has long (dangling) breasts and a large chest. Her furious form is (lean) without flesh. She has six faces and twelve arms and her back is slightly bent”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Alasa (अलस) refers to “inactive”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 8), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The first year of the next yuga sacred to Indrāgni is known as Paridhāvi; the remaining years are—Pramādin, Ānanda, Rākṣasa and Anala. In the year Paridhāvi the Madhyadeśa will suffer and the ruling princes will perish, there will be slight rain and fear from fire; in the year Pramādi mankind will be disposed to be inactive [i.e., alasa]; villagers will be at strife; red flowers and red seed will be destroyed. In the next year mankind will be happy. In the years Rākṣasa and Anala there will be deaths and decay in the land; in Rākṣasa again the summer crops will thrive and in Anala there will be fear from fire and much suffering in the land”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Ālasa (आलस) refers to “lazyness.—The word mandālasa is the alamgamation of two words viz., manda i.e., slow and ālasa i.e., lazyness. To show worry, sadness and separation as well as excitement, the actor should stretch one leg and sit on other and this position is called mandālasa posture. In the 4th act of Abhijñānaśakuntala, it can be seen that Śakuntalā was worried and was lost due to the separation with her husband Duṣyanta. If the drama Abhijñānaśakuntala has to be enacted in a stage, the character of Śakuntalā has to sit in the mandālasa posture as this posture is suggested to take in grief by the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Alasa (अलस) refers to “languish” (i.e., one with languishing eyes), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, “[...] If women, with languishing eyes (alasa-īkṣaṇa) beaming with love, are to be altogether avoided, the birth of a son, who delivers his father from the hell named Put, becomes impossible. If hunting is to be altogether prohibited, how can meat, skin, horn and other articles prescribed for sacrifices be obtained? [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Tessitori Collection I

Ālasa (आलस, “laziness”) refers to one of the “thirteen difficulties”, according to the “Teraha kāṭhīyā-svādhyāya” by Jinaharṣa (dealing with the Ethics section of Jain Canonical literature), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The exposition of the ‘thirteen difficulties’ against which one should fight as they are hindrances to proper religious practice is a widespread topic in Jain literature in Gujarati. They are either listed in brief compositions or described with several verses for each of the components. The list of terms is always the same, with a few variations in designations: [e.g., laziness (ālasa), ...].—See ch. Krause 1999, p. 277 for the list as found in a Ratnasañcaya-granth stanza 118.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Alasa in India is the name of a plant defined with Artocarpus heterophyllus in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Artocarpus brasiliensis Gomez (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Flora de Filipinas (1837)
· Supplementum Plantarum Systematis Vegetabilium Editionis Decimae Tertiae (1782)
· Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany (1996)
· Encyclopédie Méthodique, Botanique (Lamarck) (1789)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2005)
· Interpr. Rumphius Herbarium Amboinenese (1917)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Alasa, for example chemical composition, diet and recipes, side effects, health benefits, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

alasa : (adj.) idle; lazy.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Alasa, (adj.) (a + lasa) idle, lazy, slack, slothful, languid S.I, 44, 217; Sn.96 (= jāti-alaso SnA 170); J.IV, 30; Dh.280 (= mahā-alaso DhA.III, 410). Opp. analasa vigorous, energetic S.I, 44; D.III, 190 (dakkha +); Vin.IV, 211; Nd2 141 (id.). (Page 79)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

āḷasa (आळस).—m (ālasya S) Sloth, indolence, laziness. Pr. ā0 bhikārī kuṭumbācā ghāta karī Laziness is the worst timber in a poor man's cabin. 2 Slackness of pursuit or coolness of desire after; remissness, perfunctoriness &c. See hayagaī throughout.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

aḷasa (अळस).—, &c. See under आ..

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āḷasa (आळस).—m Sloth, indolence, remissness.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Alasa (अलस).—a. [na lasati vyāpriyate, las-ac]

1) Inactive, without energy, lazy, idle, indolent. शठो नैष्कृतिकोऽलसः (śaṭho naiṣkṛtiko'lasaḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 18.28.

2) Tired, fatigued, languid; मार्गश्रमादल- सशरीरे दारिके (mārgaśramādala- saśarīre dārike) M.5; Amaruśataka 4,88; खेदालसेव (khedālaseva) K.143,197, 211,62,98; Śiśupālavadha 8.7; V.3.2; Daśakumāracarita 2. Śiśupālavadha 13.48;9.39; Uttararāmacarita 1.24; Kirātārjunīya 1.6, V.5; गमनमलसम् (gamanamalasam) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1.17.

3) Soft, gentle.

4) Slow, dull (as in gait or motion); श्रोणीभारादलसगमना (śroṇībhārādalasagamanā) Meghadūta 84; तस्याः परिस्फुरितगर्भभरालसायाः (tasyāḥ parisphuritagarbhabharālasāyāḥ) U. 3.28.

-saḥ 1 A sore or ulcer between the toes. (Mar. cikhalī).

2) A kind of tree.

3) Name of a sage.

4) Name of a small poisonous animal.

-sā Name of a plant (haṃsapadā).

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Alāsa (अलास).—Inflammation and abscess at the root of the tongue. Suśr.

Derivable forms: alāsaḥ (अलासः).

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Ālasa (आलस).—a. (- f.) [आलसति ईषत् व्याप्रियते अच् (ālasati īṣat vyāpriyate ac)] Idle, lazy, slothful.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Alasa (अलस).—mfn.

(-saḥ-sā-saṃ) Lazy, idle, indolent. m.

(-saḥ) 1. Swelling of the feet in elephantiasis. 2. Chaps between the toes. 3. Name of a tree. f.

(-sā) A creeping plant, (Cissus pedata.) E. a neg. lasa to work, affix ac.

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Alāsa (अलास).—m.

(-saḥ) Inflammation and abscess at the root of the tongue. E. a neg. lāsa saliva.

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Ālasa (आलस).—mfn.

(-saḥ-sī-saṃ) Idle, slothful, lazy. E. alasa idle, aṇ affix: see alasa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Alasa (अलस).—[a-las + a], adj., f. . 1. Weary. 2. Slack, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 6, 12. 3. Sleepy, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 408. 4. Lazy, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 25.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Alasa (अलस).—[adjective] lazy, indolent, dull, weary.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Alasa (अलस):—[=a-lasa] mf(ā)n. inactive, without energy, lazy, idle, indolent, tired, faint, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] m. a sore or ulcer between the toes, [Suśruta]

4) [v.s. ...] (= a-lasaka below) tympanitis, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a small poisonous animal, [Suśruta]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Alasā (अलसा):—[=a-lasā] [from a-lasa] f. the climbing plant Vitis Pedata Wall, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Alāsa (अलास):—m. inflammation and abscess at the root of the tongue, [Suśruta]

9) Ālasa (आलस):—mfn. = a-lasa, idle, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] : ([or [from] lasa with 4. ā in the sense of diminution, [Tārānātha tarkavācaspati’s Vācaspatyam, Sanskrit dictionary]]) a little active

10) ([from] a-lasa [gana] vidādi, [Pāṇini 4-1, 104]), a descendant of A-lasa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Alasa (अलस):—[(saḥ-sā-saṃ) a.] Lazy. m. Elephantiasis. f. A creeper.

2) Ālasa (आलस):—[(saḥ-sī-saṃ) a.] Idle.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Alasa (अलस) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Alasa, Alasāya, Ālasa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Alasa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Alasa (अलस) [Also spelled alas]:—(a) slothful, lazy, sluggish; slackened.

2) Ālasa (आलस) [Also spelled alas]:—(nm) laziness, lethargy.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Alasa (अलस) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Alasa.

2) Ālasa (आलस) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Ālasa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Alasa (ಅಲಸ):—

1) [noun] he who is disinclined to labour or exertion; a lazy, idle man; an indolent.

2) [noun] the tendency of being indolent; disinclination to labour.

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Aḷasa (ಅಳಸ):—

1) [noun] he who is disinclined to labour or exertion; a lazy, idle man; an indolent.

2) [noun] the tendency of being indolent; disinclination to labour.

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Ālasa (ಆಲಸ):—[adjective] sluggish a) lacking energy, alertness or vigour; indisposed to exertion; slothful; b) not active; slow or slow-moving; dull; c) not functioning with normal vigour.

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Ālasa (ಆಲಸ):—

1) [noun] a man who is not eager or willing to work or exert himself; an indolent; a slothful, lazy man.

2) [noun] the quality of a person having aversion to work or exertion; disinclination to work; laziness; sluggishness.

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Ālāṣa (ಆಲಾಷ):—[noun] a delineation of a rāga (musical mode) using the notes in different combinations in ascending and descending orders and in flowery style.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

1) Alasa (अलस):—adj. 1. inactive; without energy; lazy; idle; indolent; 2. tried; fatigued; languid; 3. slow; dull;

2) Ālasa (आलस):—n. 1. Bot. linseed; flax; 2. idleness; sloth; want of energy; adj. idle; slothful; lazy;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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