Goshthi, Goṣṭhi, Goṣṭhī: 16 definitions


Goshthi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Goṣṭhi and Goṣṭhī can be transliterated into English as Gosthi or Goshthi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Goshthi in Kavya glossary
Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (Kāvya)

Goṣṭhī (गोष्ठी) in Sanskrit (or Guṭṭhia in Prakrit) refers to 1) a “group of identical people”; 2) pejorative meaning “group of unbelievers” or 3) “conversation, advice”, as is mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—(Balbir 1986 p. 77);—Cf. goṣṭha “village of shepherds” (CDIAL 4339; JOIB XXXIV p. 63).

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Goṣṭhi (गोष्ठि) refers to a “Company (of Heroes)”, according to the Lalitāsahasranāma.—Lalitā’s thousand names are eulogized in the Lalitāsahasranāma, describing the goddess’s spiritual beauty on the analogy of physical, sensuous beauty. [...] She is the Kula Yoginī (95) and her very nature is Kula (kularūpiṇī) (897). She is the Mother of the Heroes, that is, Kaula initiates (vīramātā) (836) and delights in their company (vīra-goṣṭhi-priyā) (898). She is the presiding deity of the Kaula Path and is on both aspects of it, that is, the Right and the Left (savyāpasavyamārgasthā) (912). So although the goddess is given these names they are sacred to the devotees who practice Vāmācāra also. In short, the Kula rites—sexual yet chaste—share in the same ambiguity as the goddess who presides over them.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Goṣṭhi (गोष्ठि) refers to a “company (of Sādhus)”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 15) (“On the nakṣatras—‘asterisms’”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Those who are born on the lunar day of Anurādhā will be valiant; heads of parties; fond of the company of Sādhus [i.e., sādhu-goṣṭhi], keep vehicles and grow every species of crop. Those who are born on the lunar day of Jyeṣṭhā will be valiant, of good descent, wealthy, famous; disposed to cheat others of their property, fond of travelling, rulers of provinces or commanders of armies. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Goṣṭhī (गोष्ठी) refers to an “assembly”, according to the 13th-century Matsyendrasaṃhitā: a Kubjikā-Tripurā oriented Tantric Yoga text of the Ṣaḍanvayaśāmbhava tradition from South India.—Accordingly, “[...] He should treat [all phenomena] as one, not as separate. He should not drink [alcohol] or eat meat idly [with no ritual purpose]. He should not drink wine without first purifying it [with mantras], and he should consume meat after he has purified it with that [wine]. He should not answer the call of nature, should not sip water, etc., while reciting mantras or in an assembly (goṣṭhīna kuryān mantragoṣṭhīṣu). If he does so out of folly, the curse of the Yoginīs will fall on him. [...]”.

Note: The interpretation of mantragoṣṭhīṣu is highly tentative.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Gosthi (गोस्थि) refers to the “bone of a cow”, according to the Devyāmata (in the section śalyoddhāra-paṭala or “excavation of extraneous substances”).—Accordingly, “[...] If rams or sheep [step over a cord], there is the bone of a cow (gosthi) [beneath the site]. If cows [step over a cord], [the officiant] should prognosticate bones of a horse [beneath the site]. If a horse steps over [a cord], [the officiant] should prognosticate an extraneous thing related to a buffalo[, i.e. the bone of a buffalo beneath the ground. [...]”.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Goshthi in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Goṣṭhī (गोष्ठी) refers to “social gatherings”, according to the Dattātreyayogaśāstra (roughly contemporary with the Amanaska’s second chapter).—Accordingly, while discussing the merits of Yogic practice: “Without practice, [the Yogin] becomes worldly. Therefore, having remembered the teachings of his guru, he should practise [yoga] day and night. Thus, [only] through the constant practice of Yoga, does the [second] stage [of Yoga called] Ghaṭa arise. Without the practice of yoga, [it is all] in vain. [Yoga] is not perfected through social gatherings (goṣṭhī). Therefore, [the Yogin] should practise only yoga with every effort.”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Goshthi in Arts glossary
Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Goṣṭhi (गोष्ठि) refers to a “(private) party”, according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, “[...] It has been said that there are eighteen addictions. These are the outcome of the desire for earthly enjovments. [...] Disparagement means be-littling the merits of others and attributing demerits to them. It becomes enjoyable in a party (goṣṭhi) [rahogoṣṭhyāṃ] when uttered by jesters and others. In dramas, novels and other compositions it is extensively used, sometimes pithily and sometimes in a verbose and round-about way. [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Goṣṭhī.—(EI 24; SII 3; BL), an assembly; a corporate body; cf. Tamil goṣṭhiśeydāṉ, convener of a pariṣad. (LL), Buddhist; a committee; cf. Bauddha-goṣṭhī, Goṣthī- śramaṇa. Note: goṣṭhī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Goṣṭhi (गोष्ठि) or Goṣṭhī (गोष्ठी).—f.

1) An assembly, meeting; मध्ये विरेजतुरलं पशुपालगोष्ठ्यां रङ्गे यथा नटवरौ क्व च गायमानौ (madhye virejaturalaṃ paśupālagoṣṭhyāṃ raṅge yathā naṭavarau kva ca gāyamānau) Bhāgavata 1.21.8; Ve.1.27.

2) Society, association.

3) Conversation, chitchat, discourse; क्वचिद्विद्वद्गोष्ठी क्वचिदपि सुरामत्तकलहः (kvacidvidvadgoṣṭhī kvacidapi surāmattakalahaḥ) Bh. 3.125; गोष्ठी सत्कविभिः समम् (goṣṭhī satkavibhiḥ samam) Bhartṛhari 1.28; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1.25; तेनैव सह सर्वदा गोष्ठीमनुभवति (tenaiva saha sarvadā goṣṭhīmanubhavati) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 2.

4) A multitude or collection; मोदन्तां सततं च बान्धवसुहृद्गोष्ठीप्रमोदाः प्रजाः (modantāṃ satataṃ ca bāndhavasuhṛdgoṣṭhīpramodāḥ prajāḥ) Nāg.5.39.

5) Family connections, relatives, especially such as require to be maintained.

6) A kind of dramatic composition in one act. °पतिः (patiḥ)

1) the chief of an assembly, president.

2) the master of a family.

Derivable forms: goṣṭhiḥ (गोष्ठिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Goṣṭhi (गोष्ठि).—probably for goṣṭhī (see goṣṭha), Mahābhārata 5, 1536.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Goṣṭhī (गोष्ठी):—[=go-ṣṭhī] [from go-ṣṭha > go] a f. an assembly, meeting, society, association, family connections ([especially] the dependent or junior branches), partnership, fellowship, [Mahābhārata] (metrically ṣṭhi, [v, 1536]) etc.

2) [v.s. ...] conversation, discourse, dialogue, [Pañcatantra; Kādambarī]

3) [v.s. ...] a kind of dramatic entertainment in one act, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa vi, 274]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a village [gana] palady-ādi ([Kāśikā-vṛtti; Gaṇaratna-mahodadhi 325])

5) Goṣṭhi (गोष्ठि):—[=go-ṣṭhi] [from go] See sub voce -ṣṭha.

6) Goṣṭhī (गोष्ठी):—[=go-ṣṭhī] [from go] b f. of -ṣṭha q.v.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Goṣṭhī (गोष्ठी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Goṭṭhī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Goshthi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Goshthi in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Goṣṭhī (गोष्ठी):—(nf) a seminar; discussion.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Gōṣṭhi (ಗೋಷ್ಠಿ):—

1) [noun] a group of persons gathered together, as for worship, instruction, discussion or entertainment.

2) [noun] the state of being associated; companionship; fellowship; association.

3) [noun] (dance.) a kind of dance-drama.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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