Vyabhicarin, Vyabhicārin: 10 definitions
Vyabhicarin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Vyabhicharin.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Vyabhicārin (व्यभिचारिन्) refers to “transitory state”. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.
It is of thirty-three types:
- nirveda (discouragement),
- glāni (weakness),
- śaṅkā (apprehension),
- śrama (weariness),
- dainya (depression),
- augrya, ugratā (cruelty),
- cintā (anxienty),
- trāsa (fright),
- īrṣyā, asūyā (envy),
- amarṣa (indignation),
- garva (arrogance),
- smṛti (recollection),
- maraṇa (death),
- mada (intoxication),
- supta (dreaming),
- nidrā (sleaping),
- vibodha (awakening),
- vrīḍā (shame),
- apasmāra (epilepsy),
- moha (distraction),
- mati (assurance),
- alasatā, ālasya (indolence),
- āvega (agitation),
- tarka (deliberation),
- avahitthā (dissimulation),
- vyādhi (sickness),
- unmāda (insanity),
- viṣāda (despair),
- utsuka, autsukya (impatience),
- capala, cāpala (inconstancy).
According to the Daśarūpa 4.8, “The Transitory States (vyabhicārin, sc. bhāva) are those that especially accompany the Permanent State in co-operation, emerging from it and [again] being submerged in it, like the waves in the ocean.”
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Pure Bhakti: Jaiva-dharma
Vyabhicārin (व्यभिचारिन्) or Vyabhicārī or Sañcārī refers to one of the four ingredients of rasa.—There are thirty-three vyabhicārī-bhāvas. Vi means ‘distinctly’, Abhi means ‘towards’, and Cārī means ‘moving’. These thirty-three bhāvas are called vyabhicārī because they move distinctly towards the sthāyībhāva. They are also called sañcārī-bhāvas, because they are communicated through words, limbs, and sattva, and thus travel (sañcārita) throughout the system. They are like waves in the nectar ocean of the sthāyībhāva, for they rise up, causing it to swell, and then they merge back into the ocean again.
The thirty-three sañcārī-bhāvas are:
- regret or indifference (nirveda),
- despair (viṣāda),
- humility (dainya),
- physical and mental debility (glāni),
- fatigue (śrama),
- intoxication (mada),
- pride (garva),
- suspicion (śaṅkā),
- fear (trāsa),
- agitation (āvega),
- madness (unmāda),
- absence of mind (apasmṛti),
- disease (vyādhi),
- fainting or delusion (moha),
- death (mṛtyu),
- laziness (ālasya),
- inertness (jāḍya),
- bashfulness (vrīḍā),
- concealment of emotions (avahitthā),
- remembrance (smṛti),
- deliberation or reasoning (vitarka),
- anxiety (cintā),
- resolve or wisdom (mati),
- fortitude (dhṛti),
- jubilation (harṣa),
- ardent desire (autsukatā),
- ferocity (augrya),
- impatience and indignation (amarṣa),
- envy (asūyā),
- restlessness (cāpalya),
- sleep (nidrā)
- deep sleep (supti),
- awakening (bodha).
Some sañcārī-bhāvas are independent (svatantra), and some are dependent (paratantra). There are two types of dependent sañcārī-bhāvas: superior (vara) and inferior (avara). The superior category is also divided into two types, namely direct (sākṣāt) and separated, or secondary (vyavahita). The independent sañcārī-bhāvas are divided into three types: those that are devoid of Rati (rati-śūnya); subsequently contacting Rati (rati-anusparśana); and having a trace of Rati (rati-gandha).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Vyabhicārin (व्यभिचारिन्).—Deviating, being irregular in application, not applying necessarily: cf अभ्रशब्दस्यांपूर्वनिपातस्य लक्षणस्य व्यभिचारित्वात् (abhraśabdasyāṃpūrvanipātasya lakṣaṇasya vyabhicāritvāt).
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Straying or deviating from, going astray, erring, trespassing; निगृह्य दापयेच्चैनं समयव्यभिचारिणम् (nigṛhya dāpayeccainaṃ samayavyabhicāriṇam) Ms.8.22.
2) Irregular, anomalous.
3) Untrue, false; see अव्यभिचारिन् (avyabhicārin).
4) Faithless, unchaste, adulterous.
5) Profligate, wanton.
6) Departing from its usual meaning, having several secondary meanings (as a word).
7) Changeable, inconstant; नात्मा जजान न मरिष्यति नैधतेऽसौ न क्षीयते सवनविद्व्यभिचारिणां हि (nātmā jajāna na mariṣyati naidhate'sau na kṣīyate savanavidvyabhicāriṇāṃ hi) Bhāg.11.3.38. -m.,
-vyabhicāribhāvaḥ A transitory feeling, an accessory (opp. sthāyin or sthāyibhāva q. v.). (Though like the Sthāyibhāvas these accessories do not form a necessary substratum of any rasa, still they act as feeders to the prevailing sentiment, and strengthen it in various ways, whether openly or covertly. They are said to be 33 or 34 in number; for an enumeration of these, see K. P. Kārikās 31-34, S. D.169 or R. G. first Ānana; cf. vibhāva and sthāyibhāva also).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vyabhicārin (व्यभिचारिन्).—mfn. (-rī-riṇī-ri) 1. Following or doing improper. 2. Going astray, (literally or figuratively.) n. (-ri) A property, or class of properties into which feelings and emotions, as objects of poetical description are classed; or the transitory feeling, (op. to sthāyin) which does not pervade a composition but, if properly developed at any stage, strengthens the prevailing sentiment. the Bhavas called Vyabhicharis are thirty-two in number, to which two others are sometimes added, making thirtyfour, viz:—1. Nirveda, humility, self-abasement; 2. Glani, weakness, exhaustion; 3. Sanka, apprehension; 4. Asua, calumny; 5. Mada, inebriety; 6. Shrama, fatigue; 7. Alasya, indolence; 8. Dainya, indigence, distress. 6. Chinta, secret desire; contemplation of the object beloved; 10. Mo4Ha, loss of sense or presence of mind from fear, anxiety, &c.; 11. Smriti, recollection but especially the recollection of an absent or faithless lover excited by present objects; 12. Dhriti, the enjoyment or consciousness of amatory woe, resignation or abandonment to despair, &c.; 13. Vrida, shame; 14. Chapalata, fickleness, unsteadiness, want of firmness and steadiness; 15. Harsa, delight; 16. Abega, hurry, flurried haste; 17. Jarata, ignorance, imbecility; 18. Garba, pride, arrogance; 19. Bishada, want of energy or spirits, depression of mind; 20. Autsukya, regret, painful remembrance of some object lost or absent; 21. Nidra, sluggishness, sleepiness; 22. Apasmara, epilepsy; 23. Supta, sleep; 24. Bibodha, waking; 25. Amarsha, wrathful impatience; 26. Abahit'Tha, dissimulation; 27. Ugrata, passion, rage; 28. Mati, intelligence, knowledge; 29. Upalambha, reviling; 30. Byadhi, sickness, disease; 31. Unmada, madness, delirium; 32. Marana, death; the other two are, 33. Trasa, fear; 34. Bitarka, doubt, deliberation. f. (-riṇī) A wanton woman, an unchaste wife. E. vi and abhi before car to go, aff. ṇini.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vyabhicārin (व्यभिचारिन्).—i. e. vi -abhi-car and ryabhicāra + in, I. adj., f. iṇī. 1. Going astray, wanton, [Hitopadeśa] pr. [distich] 21, M. M. 2. Doing what is improper. Ii. f. iṇī, A wanton woman, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 507.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vyabhicārin (व्यभिचारिन्).—[adjective] going asunder or astray, infidel, adulterous; going beyond, transgressing (—°).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Vyabhicārin (व्यभिचारिन्):—[=vy-abhicārin] [from vyabhi-car] mfn. going astray, straying or deviating or diverging from ([ablative]), [Harivaṃśa; Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] following bad courses, doing what is improper, profligate, wanton, unchaste ([especially] said of women), faithless towards ([genitive case]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
3) [v.s. ...] changeable, inconstant (opp. to sthāyin; cf. ri-bhāva above), [Mahābhārata; Sāhitya-darpaṇa; Pratāparudrīya]
4) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) transgressing, violating, breaking (See samaya-vy)
5) [v.s. ...] irregular, anomalous, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]
6) [v.s. ...] (a word) having a non-primitive or secondary meaning, having several meanings, [ib.]
7) [=vy-abhicārin] [from vyabhi-car] n. anything transitory (as feelings etc.), [ib.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Manasara (English translation) (by Prasanna Kumar Acharya)