Ratnamalavadana [sanskrit]

83,177 words | ISBN-10: 8172702957 | ISBN-13: 9788172702953

The Sanskrit edition of the Ratnamalavadana: a collection of Buddhist stories (avadana) belonging to the Mahayana tradition. Literally, “a garland of precious gems” or “a collection of edifying tales”, these 38 stories revolve around king Ashoka and the monk Upagupta. Original titles: Ratnamālāvadāna (रत्नमालावदान), Ratnamālā-āvadāna (रत्नमाला-आवदान, Ratnamala-avadana)

आलस्वी साधयेन्नैव किंचिद्धर्मं गुणानि वा ।
धर्मकर्मविरक्तात्मा निर्गुणी किं करिष्यति ।
भोग्य एव सदासक्तः पशोरप्यधमो नरः ।
किं तेन पुरुषेणापि निर्गुणेन सुखाशिना ।
यस्य पुण्ये गुणे वापि कदापि नोत्सहेन्मनः ।
पुण्योत्साहविपन्नात्मा दुष्टक्लेशैर्विहन्यते ।
क्लेशितो मारसंघैश्च वशीकृत्य निवद्ध्यते ॥ १४६ ॥ {३६}

ālasvī sādhayennaiva kiṃciddharmaṃ guṇāni vā |
dharmakarmaviraktātmā nirguṇī kiṃ kariṣyati |
bhogya eva sadāsaktaḥ paśorapyadhamo naraḥ |
kiṃ tena puruṣeṇāpi nirguṇena sukhāśinā |
yasya puṇye guṇe vāpi kadāpi notsahenmanaḥ |
puṇyotsāhavipannātmā duṣṭakleśairvihanyate |
kleśito mārasaṃghaiśca vaśīkṛtya nivaddhyate || 146 || {36}

The English translation of Ratnamalavadana Verse 1.146 is contained in the book Ratnamalavadana by Prof. Ramesh Kumar Dwivedi. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Prof. Ramesh Kumar Dwivedi (2005)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.146). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Ala, Naiva, Kincid, Guna, Ani, Dharmakarman, Virakta, Mas, Nih, Gunin, Kim, Karishyat, Bhogya, Eva, Sada, Sad, Asakta, Pash, Pashu, Rapya, Dhama, Nara, Nri, Tad, Tena, Purusha, Purushena, Api, Nirguna, Sukha, Ashin, Yasya, Yah, Yat, Punya, Vapi, Vapin, Kada, Utsaha, Mana, Manas, Vipanna, Dushta, Klesha, Kleshita, Mara, Sangha, Vashikritya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ratnamalavadana Verse 1.146). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ālasvī sādhayennaiva kiṃciddharmaṃ guṇāni
  • āla -
  • āla (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    āla (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    al (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
  • svī -
  • sādhayen -
  • sidh (verb class 0)
    [optative active third single]
  • naiva -
  • naiva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • kiñciddh -
  • kiñcid (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • harmam -
  • harman (noun, neuter)
    [adverb]
  • guṇā -
  • guṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    guṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ani -
  • ani (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    anī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • -
  • (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • Line 2: “dharmakarmaviraktātmā nirguṇī kiṃ kariṣyati
  • dharmakarma -
  • dharmakarman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • viraktāt -
  • virakta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    virakta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • mā* -
  • ma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    mās (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • nir -
  • niḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    niḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ni (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ni (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • guṇī -
  • guṇin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • kariṣyati -
  • kariṣyat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    kariṣyat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    kṛ -> kariṣyat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [locative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [locative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [locative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kariṣyat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [locative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [locative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [locative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kariṣyat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √kṛ class 3 verb], [locative single from √kṛ class 6 verb]
    kṛ -> kariṣyat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √kṛ class 3 verb], [locative single from √kṛ class 6 verb]
    kṝ -> kariṣyat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √kṝ class 5 verb], [locative single from √kṝ class 9 verb]
    kṝ -> kariṣyat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √kṝ class 5 verb], [locative single from √kṝ class 9 verb]
    kṛ (verb class 1)
    [future active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [future active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 5)
    [future active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [future active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 3)
    [future active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 6)
    [future active third single]
    kṝ (verb class 5)
    [future active third single]
    kṝ (verb class 9)
    [future active third single]
  • Line 3: “bhogya eva sadāsaktaḥ paśorapyadhamo naraḥ
  • bhogya* -
  • bhogya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sadā -
  • sadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sada (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sada (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sad (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    sad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    sadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    sad (verb class 6)
    [imperative active second single]
  • asaktaḥ -
  • asakta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • paśor -
  • paś (noun, feminine)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
    paśu (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • rapya -
  • rap -> rapya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √rap]
    rap -> rapya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √rap class 1 verb]
    rap -> rapya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √rap class 1 verb]
  • dhamo* -
  • dhama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • naraḥ -
  • nara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    nṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • Line 4: “kiṃ tena puruṣeṇāpi nirguṇena sukhāśinā
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tena -
  • tena (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    tan (verb class 8)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • puruṣeṇā -
  • puruṣeṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    puruṣeṇa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    puruṣa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    puruṣa (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • nirguṇena -
  • nirguṇa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    nirguṇa (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • sukhā -
  • sukha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sukha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sukhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aśinā -
  • aśin (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    aśin (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • Line 5: “yasya puṇye guṇe vāpi kadāpi notsahenmanaḥ
  • yasya -
  • yasya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yasya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yas -> yasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √yas]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    yas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • puṇye -
  • puṇya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    puṇya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    puṇyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    puṇ -> puṇya (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √puṇ class 10 verb]
    puṇ -> puṇya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √puṇ class 10 verb], [vocative dual from √puṇ class 10 verb], [accusative dual from √puṇ class 10 verb], [locative single from √puṇ class 10 verb]
    puṇ -> puṇyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √puṇ class 10 verb], [vocative single from √puṇ class 10 verb], [vocative dual from √puṇ class 10 verb], [accusative dual from √puṇ class 10 verb]
    puṇ (verb class 6)
    [present passive first single]
  • guṇe -
  • guṇa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    guṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • vāpi -
  • vāpi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vāpī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    vāpin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vāpin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • kadā -
  • kadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    kadā (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kada (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    kad (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • no -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    nṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    nu (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • utsahe -
  • utsaha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
    utsaha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • īn -
  • i (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • manaḥ -
  • manas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    mana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 6: “puṇyotsāhavipannātmā duṣṭakleśairvihanyate
  • puṇyo -
  • puṇya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    puṇya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    puṇ -> puṇya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √puṇ]
    puṇyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    puṇ -> puṇya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √puṇ class 10 verb]
    puṇ -> puṇya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √puṇ class 10 verb]
    puṇ -> puṇyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √puṇ class 10 verb]
  • utsāha -
  • utsāha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vipannāt -
  • vipanna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    vipanna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • mā* -
  • ma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    mās (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • duṣṭa -
  • duṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    duṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kleśair -
  • kleśa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • vi -
  • vi (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    vi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    vi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ve (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vi (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • hanyate -
  • han (verb class 1)
    [present passive third single]
    han (verb class 2)
    [present passive third single]
  • Line 7: “kleśito mārasaṃghaiśca vaśīkṛtya nivaddhyate
  • kleśito* -
  • kleśita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    kliś -> kleśita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √kliś]
  • māra -
  • māra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    māra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • saṅghaiś -
  • saṅgha (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    saṅgha (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vaśīkṛtya -
  • vaśīkṛtya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vaśīkṛtya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Cannot analyse nivaddhyate
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