Utsaha, Utsāha: 12 definitions

Introduction

Utsaha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Utsāha (उत्साह) is a Sanskrit technical term, used in warfare, referring to “energy”. It forms part of the three characteristics of the srtength (śakti) of the King. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Nītiprakāśikā 8.86)

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Utsāha (उत्साह, “energy”).—One of the eight ‘permanent states’ (sthāyibhāva), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7.31. These ‘permanent states’ are called ‘the source of delight’ and are not interfered with by other States. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.43-44)

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Utsāha (उत्साह, “energy”) relates to persons of the superior type. It is caused by determinants (vibhāva) such as absence of sadness, power, patience, heroism and the like. It is to be represented on the stage by consequents (anubhāva) such as steadiness, munificence, boldness in an undertaking, and the like.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Utsāha (उत्साह).—A son of Nārāyaṇa and Śrī.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 28. 2.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Utsāha.—(Ep. Ind., Vol. XIV, p. 189), generous gift, bounty. Note: utsāha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

utsāha (उत्साह).—m (S) Ardor, alacrity, joyful readiness or forwardness. 2 Joy, delight, gratification. 3 Rejoicing or merry-making; public rejoicings or festivities; a festival, a holyday, a jubilee. Betwixt u0 & saṇa there is a difference. Whilst both signify A holyday or festival day, u0 bears especial reference to A HOLY DAY strictly--a festival sacred to a god or goddess, or as an ordinance of Religion; and saṇa, although, as are all and every institution and practice and usage and act amongst the Hindus, of a Religious character or connection, is a holyday popularly,--a festivity or feast; a season of eating and sporting, of reveling and merry-making, of diversions and pastimes and frolic and fun.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

utsāha (उत्साह).—m Ardour; joy Festival; rejoicing.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Utsāha (उत्साह).—[ud-sah-ghañ]

1) Effort, exertion; धृत्युत्साहसमन्वितः (dhṛtyutsāhasamanvitaḥ) Bg.18.26.

2) Energy, inclination, desire; त्वद्दर्शनकृतोत्साहौ (tvaddarśanakṛtotsāhau) Rām.5.67.28. मन्दोत्साहः कृतोऽस्मि मृगया- पवादिना माठव्येन (mandotsāhaḥ kṛto'smi mṛgayā- pavādinā māṭhavyena) Ś.2; ममोत्साहभङ्गं मा कृथाः (mamotsāhabhaṅgaṃ mā kṛthāḥ) H.3. do not damp my energy.

3) Perseverance, strenuous effort, energy, one of the three Śaktis or powers of a ruler (the other two being mantra and prabhāva); नीताविवोत्साहगुणेन सम्पद् (nītāvivotsāhaguṇena sampad) Ku.1.22.

4) Determination, resolution; हसितेन भाविमरणोत्साहस्तया सूचितः (hasitena bhāvimaraṇotsāhastayā sūcitaḥ) Amaru.1.

5) Power, ability; सौरान्मन्त्रान् यथोत्साहम् (saurānmantrān yathotsāham) (japet) Ms.5.86.

6) Firmness, fortitude, strength.

7) (In Rhet.) Firmness or fortitude, regarded as the feeling which gives rise to the वीर (vīra) or heroic sentiment; कार्यारम्भेषु संरम्भः स्थेयानुत्साह उच्यते (kāryārambheṣu saṃrambhaḥ stheyānutsāha ucyate) S. D.3; परपराक्रमदानादिस्मृतिजन्मा औन्नत्याख्य उत्साहः (paraparākramadānādismṛtijanmā aunnatyākhya utsāhaḥ) R. G.

8) Happiness.

9) A thread.

1) Rudeness.

Derivable forms: utsāhaḥ (उत्साहः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Utsāha (उत्साह).—m.

(-haḥ) 1. Effort, perseverance, strenuous and continued exertion. 2. A thread. 3. Happiness. 4. Firmness, fortitude. E. ut much, sah to bear, to be able, affix ghañ.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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