Nri, Nṛ, Nṝ: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Nri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Nṛ and Nṝ can be transliterated into English as Nr or Nri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Nra.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Nṛ (नृ) refers to “mankind”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 9), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the course of Jupiter, Mercury, Mars and Saturn should just precede that of Venus, mankind [i.e., nṛ], elephants and magicians will be at strife among themselves; storms and deaths will afflict mankind. Friends will cease to be friends; the Brahmins will cease to perform religious ceremonies properly; there will be no rain; and mountains will be riven asunder thunderbolts”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Nṛ (नृ) refers to a “man”, according to the Devyāmata (in the section śalyoddhāra-paṭala or “excavation of extraneous substances”).—Accordingly, “[...] If a man (nṛ) steps over [a cord], there is a human bone (narāsthi) [beneath the site]. If an ass [intrudes into the site] stepping over [a cord], there is the bone of an ass [beneath the site]. In this way, [the officiant] should examine extraneous substances by [the omens] such as stepping over and seeing”.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Nṛ (नृ) refers to “men”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Where this wicked Yama is not stopped by the 30 [gods] even with a hundred counteractions, what should one say of [Yama being stopped] there by the insects of men (nṛ-kīṭanṛkīṭais tatra kā kathā)? O fool, sentient beings, having begun from the womb, are continually led by [their own] action to Yama’s abode by means of uninterrupted journeys”.

Synonyms: Manuṣya, Nara, Martya.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nṛ (नृ).—[nī-ṛn ḍicca; cf. Uṇādi-sūtra 2.11.] (Nom. sing. , gen. pl. nṛṇām or nṝṇām)

1) A man, a person whether male or female; Manusmṛti 3.81;4.61;7.61; नॄन् प्रशंसत्यजस्रं यो घण्टाताडोरुणोदये (nṝn praśaṃsatyajasraṃ yo ghaṇṭātāḍoruṇodaye) 1.33.

2) Mankind.

3) A piece at chess.

4) The pin of a sun-dial.

5) A masculine word; संधिर्ना विग्रहो यानम् (saṃdhirnā vigraho yānam) Ak.

6) A leader.

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Nṝ (नॄ).—9 P.

1) To bring to.

2) To lead.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nṛ (नृ).—r. 1st cl. (narati) 5th cl. (nṛṇāti) To lead, to conduct, to guide; physically or morally. bhvā0 pa0 aka0 aniṭ .

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Nṛ (नृ).—n.

(-nā) 1. Man, individually or collectively, a man, mankind. 2. A piece at chess, &c. 3. A gnomon. E. ṇī to guide or gain, aff. dṛn.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nṛ (नृ).—m. A man; pl. Men, man. kind, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 81. Superlat. nṛtama, Most manly, Chr. 293, 1 = [Rigveda.] i. 87, 1.

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Nṝ (नॄ).—NṚ10 ii. 9, nṛṇā [Parasmaipada.] To lead.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nṛ (नृ).—[masculine] man, hero (used also of gods); a masculine word ([grammar]); [plural] men, people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nṛ (नृ):—m. ([accusative] naram [dative case] nare [genitive case] [ablative] naras, [locative case] nari; [dual number] narā, narau; [plural] [nominative case] [vocative case] naras [accusative] nṝn [may also stand for other cases; for the final, n before p cf. [Pāṇini 8-3, 10]] [instrumental case] nṛbhis, or nṛbhis; [dative case] [ablative] nṛbhyas or nṛbhyas [locative case] nṛṣu or nṛṣu [vi, 1, 184] [genitive case] narām. nṛṇām or nṝṇām [vi, 4, 6]) a man, hero (used also of gods), person

2) mankind, people (mostly [plural]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) (in gram.) a masculine word ([nominative case] ), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) the pin or gnomon of a sun-dial, [Colebrooke]

5) a piece at chess, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) cf. nara; [Zend] nar; [Greek] ἀ-νηρ, stem -νερ; Old [Latin] nero, st. nerōn, [Latin] Nero.

7) Nṝ (नॄ):—[class] 9. [Parasmaipada] nṛṇāti, to lead, [Dhātupāṭha xxxi, 25.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nṛ (नृ):—narati 1. a. To lead, to conduct, to guide. (na) nṛṇoti 5. a. Idem.

2) (nā) 4. m. Man, mankind.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Nṛ (नृ) [Also spelled nra]:—(nm) used in compound words—meaning man; ~[keśarī] an incarnation of Lord Vishnu possessing the valour of a lion, lion-like man; ~[paśu] a beastly man; ~[siṃha] see ~[keśarī; ~hari] see ~[keśarī].

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