Virakta, Viraktā: 17 definitions
Virakta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Virakt.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Viraktā (विरक्ता, “hostile”).—The characteristics of a hostile woman are as follows: when kissed she wipes off her mouth, speaks unpleasant words, becomes angry even when sweet words have been spoken to her, hates his friends, praises his enemies, lies down on the bed with her back turned against him, goes to bed first, is never pleased even after a great deal of honour has been shown her, never puts up with suffering, becomes angry without any provocation, does not look at him or greet him. The woman who betrays these signs should be marked as “hostile” (viraktā).
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Virakta (विरक्त) means “detached”, according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, as the God said: “O Mother of Kula [i.e., Kulāmbikā], with you I am one whose suffering has been burnt away. I am Śrīkaṇṭha who is free of debt. My world of transmigration has been destroyed. So what wonder is it if (I have attained) Nirvāṇa, the supreme state. I am detached in every way [i.e., virakta—virakto'haṃ sarvabhāvena](and so) reveal (your) divine knowledge!”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Virakta (विरक्त) refers to “unattached”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.21 (“Nārada instructs Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Nārada said to Pārvatī: “O Pārvatī, listen. I am sympathetic to you. I shall speak truly. My words will be beneficent to you in all respects. They will lead to the achievement of your desire. They are free from aberrations. The great god has been served by you without austerities. You had some pride which He, the blesser of the distressed, eradicated. O Śivā, after burning Kāma, lord Śiva though favourably disposed to His devotees, left you, since the lord is a great Yogin and so unattached [i.e., virakta] to you. [...]”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Virakta (विरक्त) refers to “(one who is) detached from desire”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 41).—Accordingly, “[Digression on a case brought against the Buddha; B. The defense].—[4. Insults to the Disciples].—The Buddha had hard words for the Bhikṣus and treated them like fools (mohapuruṣa). There are two kinds of hard words: i) insult coming from an evil intention (duṣcitta); ii) insult out of compassion for beings and with the intention of converting them (paripācana). In the person detached from desire (virakta), there is no insult coming from a bad intention; how then would there be one in the Buddha? It is out of pity for beings and in order to convert them that the Buddha had these strong words. [...]”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections
Virakta (विरक्त) refers to “renunciation (of worldly pleasures)”, according to Pūjyapāda’s Sarvārthasiddhi.—Accordingly, “[...] Even with renunciation of worldly pleasures (virakta-viṣayasukha), meditation accompanied by austerities, propagation of true faith, and auspicious death are rare. If these are achieved, then the attainment of enlightenment has borne fruit. By contemplating on the difficulty in attaining true faith, one does not become negligent after attaining this rare jewel”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Virakta.—(SITI), an ascetic; a man free from worldly attachment; a recluse of the Śaiva order. Note: virakta is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
virakta (विरक्त).—p (S) That is freed from all worldly affections and passions; delivered from desire. 2 That is become averse or indifferent to.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
virakta (विरक्त).—p That is freed from all worldly affection and passions.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Virakta (विरक्त).—p. p.
1) Very red, ruddy; विरक्तसंध्याकपिशं पुरस्तात् (viraktasaṃdhyākapiśaṃ purastāt) R.13.64.
3) Changed in mind, disaffected, displeased; यां चिन्तयामि सततं मयि सा विरक्ता (yāṃ cintayāmi satataṃ mayi sā viraktā) Bhartṛhari 2.2.
4) Free from passion or worldly attachment, indifferent; विरक्तः प्रव्रजेद् धीमान् सरक्तस्तु गृहे वसेत् (viraktaḥ pravrajed dhīmān saraktastu gṛhe vaset) Nāradapari. Up.3.14.
-ktā An unfortunate or unhappy woman.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ktaḥ-ktā-ktaṃ) 1. Averse, indifferent, free from inclination or affection. 2. Stoical, void of attachment to worldly objects. 3. Impassioned, interested, feeling passion or regard for any person or any thing. 4. Discoloured. E. vi privative or pleonastic, before rañj to feel passion, aff. kta .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Virakta (विरक्त).—[adjective] discoloured, passionless, indifferent to or averse from ([ablative], [locative], [accusative] [with] prati, or —°).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Virakta (विरक्त):—[=vi-rakta] a etc. See under vi-√rañj.
2) [=vi-rakta] [from vi-rañj] b mfn. discoloured, changed in colour, [Raghuvaṃśa]
3) [v.s. ...] changed in disposition, disaffected, estranged, averse, indifferent to id est. having no interest in ([ablative] [locative case] [accusative] with prati, or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
4) [v.s. ...] become indifferent id est. arousing no interest, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]
5) [v.s. ...] impassioned, feeling excessive passion, [Horace H. Wilson]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Virakta (विरक्त):—[vi-rakta] (ktaḥ-ktā-ktaṃ) a. Indifferent; averse; interested in.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Virakta (विरक्त) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Viratta.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Virakta (विरक्त) [Also spelled virakt]:—(a) detached (from the world); disaffected, averse; indifferent; (nm) a recluse; ~[ktatā]/[kti] detachment, indifference; disaffection; aversion, disgust.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [adjective] colourless or that has lost original or natural colour.
2) [adjective] not interested; indifferent; listless; apathetic.
3) [adjective] not filled with, influenced by passions; detached from worldly attachments; not interested in or not inclined toward sensual enjoyments.
4) [adjective] red; reddish.
--- OR ---
1) [noun] a man who is indifferent; an apathetic man.
2) [noun] he who is not filled with, influenced by passions; a man who is detached from worldly attachments or not interested in or not inclined toward sensual enjoyments.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+12): Kathavirakta, Viraktabhava, Avirakta, Viraktaprakriti, Viraktacitta, Vairaktya, Vairakta, Viraktahridaya, Viraktasarvasva, Pranacchid, Viraktiratnavali, Viratta, Amritalata, Raktavirakta, Vivrikta, Viraktimat, Virakt, Urdhvaretaska, Virakti, Nissima.
Search found 14 books and stories containing Virakta, Viraktā, Vi-rakta; (plurals include: Viraktas, Viraktās, raktas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 1.8.105 < [Chapter 8 - The Disappearance of Jagannātha Miśra]
Verse 1.2.70 < [Chapter 2 - The Lord’s Appearance]
Verse 2.1.133 < [Chapter 1 - The Beginning of the Lord’s Manifestation and His Instructions on Kṛṣṇa-saṅkīrtana]
Vivekachudamani (by Shankara)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
VI. Logical order of the ten concepts < [Chapter XXXVII - The Ten Concepts]
Story of the brahmin who unwittingly ate disgusting cakes < [Chapter XXXVII - The Ten Concepts]
V. The concept of revulsion toward food (āhāre pratikūla-saṃjñā) < [Chapter XXXVII - The Ten Concepts]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Natyashastra (English) (by Bharata-muni)
Chandogya Upanishad (Madhva commentary) (by Srisa Chandra Vasu)