Dushta, Duṣṭa: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Dushta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Duṣṭa can be transliterated into English as Dusta or Dushta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Dusht.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Duṣṭa (दुष्ट) refers to a “wicked person”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.30. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] [Satī’s] body divested of its sins fell in the yogic fire and was reduced to ashes, O excellent sage, in accordance with her own wish. [...] Everything was surprisingly wonderful and terrifying to the Devas and others:—‘[...] Alas, Śiva’s beloved Goddess, nay his deity, Satī has cast-off her life. Who is that wicked person (duṣṭa) who angered her?’”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Duṣṭa (दुष्ट):—Vitiated; Turbid, Fetid, Bad

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Duṣṭa (दुष्ट) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Duṣṭa] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

duṣṭa (दुष्ट).—a (S) Bad, vile, wicked, depraved. 2 Bad, corrupt, noxious, disagreeable;--used, with some laxity, of animals, places, air &c.

--- OR ---

dustā (दुस्ता).—m A spot of open or loose texture on cloth (from the turning aside of the threads).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

duṣṭa (दुष्ट).—a Bad, vile, wicked, depraved.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Duṣṭa (दुष्ट).—p. p. [duṣ-kta]

1) Spoiled, damaged, injured, ruined.

2) Defiled, tainted, violated, sullied.

3) Depraved, corrupted.

4) Vicious, wicked; as दुष्टवृषः (duṣṭavṛṣaḥ); वरं शून्या शाला न च खलु वरो दुष्टवृषभः (varaṃ śūnyā śālā na ca khalu varo duṣṭavṛṣabhaḥ) H.1.117.

5) Guilty, culpable.

6) Low, vile.

7) Faulty or defective, as a हेतु (hetu) in logic.

8) Painful.

9) Worthless,

-ṣṭā 1 A bad or unchaste woman.

2) A harlot.

-ṣṭam 1 Sin, crime, guilt.

2) A kind of leprosy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Duṣṭa (दुष्ट).—name of a Prajāpati: Mahā-Māyūrī 257.20, in a list of twelve P.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Duṣṭa (दुष्ट).—mfn.

(-ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭaṃ) 1. Low, vile, 2. Weak, impotent. 3. Wicked, depraved. 4. spoiled, injured. 5. violated. 6. Contaminated, degraded. 7. Worthless. f.

(-ṣṭā) A harlot, a wanton. n.

(-ṣṭaṃ) A kind of Costus, (C. speciosus:) see kuṣṭha. E. duṣ to be corrupt. &c. affix kta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Duṣṭa (दुष्ट).—[adjective] spoiled, corrupt, injured, damaged, vicious, bad, guilty. [masculine] villain, wicked man; [neuter] guilt, sin. Abstr. [feminine], tva [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Duṣṭa (दुष्ट):—[from duṣ] mfn. spoilt, corrupted

2) [v.s. ...] defective, faulty

3) [v.s. ...] wrong, false

4) [v.s. ...] bad, wicked

5) [v.s. ...] malignant, offensive, inimical

6) [v.s. ...] guilty, culpable, [???; Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Suśruta; Mahābhārata] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] sinning through or defiled with (cf. karma mano-, yoni-, vāg-)

8) [v.s. ...] m. a villain, rogue

9) [v.s. ...] a kind of noxious animal, [Viṣṇu-smṛti, viṣṇu-sūtra, vaiṣṇava-dharma-śāstra xii, 2]

10) Duṣṭā (दुष्टा):—[from duṣṭa > duṣ] f. a bad or unchaste woman, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) Duṣṭa (दुष्ट):—[from duṣ] n. sin, offence, crime, guilt, [Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa] (cf. śruti-)

12) [v.s. ...] Costus Speciosus or Arabicus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Duṣṭa (दुष्ट):—[(ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭaṃ) a.] Low, vile; spoiled. f. A harlot. n. A costus.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Duṣṭa (दुष्ट):—(partic. von 1. duṣ)

1) adj. s. u. 1. duṣ . —

2) n. eine best. Pflanze, = kuṣṭha [Śabdacandrikā im Śabdakalpadruma]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Duṣṭa (दुष्ट):——

1) Adj. s.u. 2. duṣ. —

2) m. ein schädliches Thier [Viṣṇusūtra 12,2.] —

3) n. — a) Vergehen , Schuld. — b) *Costus speciosus oder arabicus.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Duṣṭa (दुष्ट) [Also spelled dusht]:—(a) wicked, vile; knave; bad; malevolent; faulty; (nm) a scoundrel, rascal, scamp; ~[buddhi] wicked, vile, vicious, mischievous.

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