The Garuda Purana

by Manmatha Nath Dutt | 1908 | 245,256 words | ISBN-13: 9788183150736

The English translation of the Garuda Purana: contents include a creation theory, description of vratas (religious observances), sacred holidays, sacred places dedicated to the sun, but also prayers from the Tantrika ritual, addressed to the sun, to Shiva, and to Vishnu. The Garuda Purana also contains treatises on astrology, palmistry, and preci...

Chapter XXXIX - Description of another form of Sun-worship

Rudra said:—O Janarddana, do thou describe, again in brief, the adoration of the deity, the sun, another form of Vishnu, which yeilds emancipation and enjoyment.

Vasudeva said:—Hear, O Rudra, I will describe again the adoration of the sun.

Om, salutation unto Ucchaishravas. Om, salutation unto Aruna. Om, salutation unto Dandin. Om, salutation unto Pingala. O bull-emblemed deity, these should be adored at the door with the following mantrams.

Om, A, salutation unto the Bhutas. These should be adored inside the mystic diagram—these known as Prabhutamala.

Om, am, salutation unto Vimala. Om, am, salutation unto Sara. Om, am, salutation unto Adhara. Om, am, salutation unto Paramamukha. These Vimala and others should be adored in the south-east and other corners.

Om, salutation unto the lotus. Om, salutation unto the pericarp. O Rudra, a worshipper should adore them inside the diagram and in the east and other directions. He should then adore Dipti and others as well as Sarvatomukhin inside the diagram.

Om, Vam, salutation unto Dipta. Om, Vini, salutation unto Bhadra. Om, Vaim, salutation unto Jaya. Om, Vaum, salutation unto Bibhuti. Om, Vam, salutation Aghora. Om, Vam, salutation unto Vidyajuta. Om, Vas, salutation unto Vijaya. Om, salutation unto Sarvatomukhi.

Om, salutation unto the seat of the sun. Om, Hram, salutation unto the form of the sun. Om, Ham, Sam, Kham unto Khakhola, Kram, Krim, Sas, Svaha. Salutation unto the form of the sun.

With this mantram a worshipper should invoke life in the image of the sun, install it, and perform the rite of Sannidhanakan (bringing near). Then with the Sannirodhana mantram he should perform the rite of Sakalikaranam. O Rudra, then he should adore the mudras. He should meditate on the sun, as being of the form of light, of crimson hue, seated on a white lotus, riding a car with one wheel, having two arms and holding a lotus. Listen to the principal mantram.

Om, Hram, Hrim, Sas, salutation unto the sun.

He should next form Padma and Viniva Mudra thrice. Om, am, salutation unto the heart. Om, unto the sun, unto the head, svaha. Om, As, a, Bhur, Bhuvas, Svas, Jvalini, Shikhai, Vashat. Om, Hum unto the coat of mail. Hum, Om, bham unto the eyes, Vaushat. Om, Vas, unto the weapon, phat. O Hara, a worshipper should adore heart &c. in the south-east, north-east and south-west and the eyes in the north-west corner. In these directions he should adore the white-hued Soma. In the eastern petal, O Rudra, he should adore Sudha. He should adore the yellow-hued preceptor in the southern petal. In the west he should adore the lord of goblins and the white-hued Bhargava in the north. He should adore the black Shani (Saturn) in the south-west, Rahu in the north-west, the smoky-coloured Ketu in the north-east. They should be adored with the following mantrams, O Mahadeva. Hear them, O Shankara.

Om, Som, salutation unto Soma. Om, bum, salutation unto Budha. Om, Vrin, salutation unto Vrihaspati. Om, bham, salutation unto Bhargava. Om, am, salutation unto Angaraka. Om, sham, salutation unto Shani. Om, Ram, salutation unto Rahu. Om, Kam, salutation unto Ketu.

Having, with the help of the principal mantram, dedicated unto the Sun, the water for washing feet and then offered edibles, the best of worshippers should display the Dhenu mudra. Having recited the mantram eight thousand times he should dedicate them unto him. In the north-east and other corners, O lord of goblins, he should adore Tejaschanda (the power of the Sun) [with the mantram] Om, Tejas-chandaya, Hum, phat Svadha, Vaushat.” O Hara he should next dedicate unto him flowers and Arghya, consisting of sessasum seed, rice, red sandal, scented water, flower and incense. Having placed that vessel on his head and supported it by his knees, he should offer it, with the mantram Ham unto the sun, O bull-emblemed deity. Having adored the Ganas and the preceptors he should worship all the deities.

Om, gam, salutation unto the lord of Ganas. Om, am, salutation unto the preceptors. I have thus described the adoration of the sun. Having offered it one attains to the region of Vishnu.

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