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Angaraka, aka: Aṅgāraka; 4 Definition(s)


Angaraka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kathā (narrative stories)

Aṅgāraka (अङ्गारक) is the name of a daitya whose daughter is named Aṅgāravatī, who was foretold to be the future wife of Mahāsena, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 11. Aṅgāraka became a rākṣasa through a curse and broke the chariot of Mahāsena in the form of a fierce boar and fled into a cavern. Mahāsena was the son of Jayasena, son of Mahendravarman (king of Ujjayinī), but later becomae known as Caṇḍamahāsena after he made a sacrifice to Durgā.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’) is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: KathāsaritsāgaraKathā book cover
context information

Kathās (कथा) are special kind of Sanskrit literature: they are a kind of a mix between Itihāsa (historical legends) and Mahākāvya (epic poetry). Some Kathās reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of the historical deeds of the Gods, sages and heroes.


1a) Aṅgāraka (अङ्गारक).—(mars)—an inauspicious planet; traverses each of the signs of the zodiac once in three fortnights.1 The planet with Skanda as presiding deity; fed by sampadvasu ray of the sun, attains lauhitam sthāna or the lohita region. Consists of nine rays and looks in size equal to Bṛhaspati: Placed above Śukra at a distance of 200,000 yojanas. Also known as lohita and vakra.2 The first of Planets, originally Vīrabhadra who destroyed Dakṣa's sacrifice; son of mother Earth; fought with Soma.3 Day sacred to.4 vrata in honour of, conduces to health and prosperity; the Śūdras observe it; described by Śukra in detail.5 The tanu of Śarva (Agni) by Vikeśi.6 Born in āṣāḍha.7

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 22. 14.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 48, 70, 82, 95 & 105; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 7. 8-9.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 23. 40; 72. 16 & 23; 93. 13; 133. 20.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 193. 8-9.
  • 5) Matsya-purāṇa 72. 5-36.
  • 6) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 10. 78; Vāyu-purāṇa 27. 51.
  • 7) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 82, 133.

1b) A Rudra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 70; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 69.

1c) A name of Skanda.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 53. 31; 112. 52.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Angaraka (Mars) is one of the Navagrahas. He is also called Mangal or Kuja. He is a planet of martial aspect, and the equivalent of Mars in Roman Mythology or Ares in Greek. He is red colored and is said to be a descendent of Bharadwaja.

According to the Padma Purana, once a drop of perspiration from Lord Vishnu's brow fell on the earth, and from it sprang a red colored child, who was called Lohitaanga, for his red color. Lohitaanga performed many penances and won a boon from Brahma to become one of the Navagrahas, with the name of Angaraka.

He is also sometimes equated to Skanda, the commander of the Deva army. His vehicle is the goat. Tuesday is his sacred day, red his favorite color.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

In Buddhism


Aṅgāraka, (adj.) (cp. Sk. aṅgaraka) like charcoal, of red colour, N. of the planet Mars DA.I, 95; cp. J.I, 73. (Page 7)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English DictionaryPali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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