Angaraka, aka: Aṅgāraka; 5 Definition(s)


Angaraka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kathā (narrative stories)

Aṅgāraka (अङ्गारक) is the name of a daitya whose daughter is named Aṅgāravatī, who was foretold to be the future wife of Mahāsena, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 11. Aṅgāraka became a rākṣasa through a curse and broke the chariot of Mahāsena in the form of a fierce boar and fled into a cavern. Mahāsena was the son of Jayasena, son of Mahendravarman (king of Ujjayinī), but later becomae known as Caṇḍamahāsena after he made a sacrifice to Durgā.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Aṅgāraka, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Kathā book cover
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Kathās (कथा) are special kind of Sanskrit literature: they are a kind of a mix between Itihāsa (historical legends) and Mahākāvya (epic poetry). Some Kathās reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of the historical deeds of the Gods, sages and heroes.


1a) Aṅgāraka (अङ्गारक).—(mars)—an inauspicious planet; traverses each of the signs of the zodiac once in three fortnights.1 The planet with Skanda as presiding deity; fed by sampadvasu ray of the sun, attains lauhitam sthāna or the lohita region. Consists of nine rays and looks in size equal to Bṛhaspati: Placed above Śukra at a distance of 200,000 yojanas. Also known as lohita and vakra.2 The first of Planets, originally Vīrabhadra who destroyed Dakṣa's sacrifice; son of mother Earth; fought with Soma.3 Day sacred to.4 vrata in honour of, conduces to health and prosperity; the Śūdras observe it; described by Śukra in detail.5 The tanu of Śarva (Agni) by Vikeśi.6 Born in āṣāḍha.7

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 22. 14.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 48, 70, 82, 95 & 105; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 7. 8-9.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 23. 40; 72. 16 & 23; 93. 13; 133. 20.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 193. 8-9.
  • 5) Matsya-purāṇa 72. 5-36.
  • 6) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 10. 78; Vāyu-purāṇa 27. 51.
  • 7) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 82, 133.

1b) A Rudra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 70; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 69.

1c) A name of Skanda.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 53. 31; 112. 52.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Angaraka (Mars) is one of the Navagrahas. He is also called Mangal or Kuja. He is a planet of martial aspect, and the equivalent of Mars in Roman Mythology or Ares in Greek. He is red colored and is said to be a descendent of Bharadwaja.

According to the Padma Purana, once a drop of perspiration from Lord Vishnu's brow fell on the earth, and from it sprang a red colored child, who was called Lohitaanga, for his red color. Lohitaanga performed many penances and won a boon from Brahma to become one of the Navagrahas, with the name of Angaraka.

He is also sometimes equated to Skanda, the commander of the Deva army. His vehicle is the goat. Tuesday is his sacred day, red his favorite color.

(Source): Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

In Buddhism


Aṅgāraka, (adj.) (cp. Sk. aṅgaraka) like charcoal, of red colour, N. of the planet Mars DA.I, 95; cp. J.I, 73. (Page 7)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

aṅgāraka (अंगारक).—m S The planet Mars.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 23 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Agni (अग्नि) refers to the sixth of the “eight world protectors” (aṣṭalokapāla) as defined in t...
rudra (रुद्र).—m A form or name of śiva.
maṅgala (मंगल) [-ḷa, -ळ].—m The planet Mars. Welfare. a Fortunate.
śūdra (शूद्र).—m The 4th grand division of the Hindu body.
Raktā (रक्ता) is the name of a river that, coupled with the Raktodā river, separates the Airāva...
palaka (पलक) [or palakha, or पलख].—m n A twinkling of the eye, a moment.--- OR --- paḷakā (पळका...
Lohita (लोहित, “red”) refers to one of the “twenty form objects” (rūpa) as defined in the Dharm...
vīrabhadra (वीरभद्र).—m S One of a class of attendants upon Shiva. 2 A particular dīkṣā of the ...
bṛhaspati (बृहस्पति).—m (S) The name of the regent of the planet Jupiter, the Guru or preceptor...
sarva (सर्व).—a All; every one; complete.
usaṇa (उसण).—f Sharp lancinating or shooting pain.--- OR --- usanā (उसना).—a Borrowed or lent. ...
jvālā (ज्वाला).—f jvāḷā or jvāḷa f Flame, blaze, fire, burning.
bhauma (भौम).—a Earthly. m The planet Mars.
navagraha (नवग्रह).—m (S) The nine planets; viz. the sun, moon, mercury, venus, mars, jupiter, ...
Vāsavadattā (वासवदत्ता).—The title of the Vāsavadattā of Subandhu, the oldest romantic novel in...

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