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Angaraka, aka: Aṅgāraka; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Angaraka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kathā (narrative stories)

Aṅgāraka (अङ्गारक) is name of a daitya whose daughter is named Aṅgāravatī, who was foretold to be the future wife of Mahāsena, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 11. Aṅgāraka became a rākṣasa through a curse and broke the chariot of Mahāsena in the form of a fierce boar and fled into a cavern. Mahāsena was the son of Jayasena, son of Mahendravarman (king of Ujjayinī), but later becomae known as Caṇḍamahāsena after he made a sacrifice to Durgā.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’) is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta’s quest to become the emperor of the Vidhyādharas. The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: KathāsaritsāgaraKathā book cover
context information

Kathās (कथा) are special kind of Sanskrit literature: they are a kind of a mix between Itihāsa (historical legends) and Mahākāvya (epic poetry). Some Kathās reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of the historical deeds of the Gods, sages and heroes.

Purāṇa

1a) Aṅgāraka (अङ्गारक).—(mars)—an inauspicious planet; traverses each of the signs of the zodiac once in three fortnights.1 The planet with Skanda as presiding deity; fed by sampadvasu ray of the sun, attains lauhitam sthāna or the lohita region. Consists of nine rays and looks in size equal to Bṛhaspati: Placed above Śukra at a distance of 200,000 yojanas. Also known as lohita and vakra.2 The first of Planets, originally Vīrabhadra who destroyed Dakṣa's sacrifice; son of mother Earth; fought with Soma.3 Day sacred to.4 vrata in honour of, conduces to health and prosperity; the Śūdras observe it; described by Śukra in detail.5 The tanu of Śarva (Agni) by Vikeśi.6 Born in āṣāḍha.7

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 22. 14.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 48, 70, 82, 95 & 105; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 7. 8-9.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 23. 40; 72. 16 & 23; 93. 13; 133. 20.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 193. 8-9.
  • 5) Matsya-purāṇa 72. 5-36.
  • 6) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 10. 78; Vāyu-purāṇa 27. 51.
  • 7) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 82, 133.

1b) A Rudra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 70; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 69.

1c) A name of Skanda.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 53. 31; 112. 52.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Angaraka (Mars) is one of the Navagrahas. He is also called Mangal or Kuja. He is a planet of martial aspect, and the equivalent of Mars in Roman Mythology or Ares in Greek. He is red colored and is said to be a descendent of Bharadwaja.

According to the Padma Purana, once a drop of perspiration from Lord Vishnu's brow fell on the earth, and from it sprang a red colored child, who was called Lohitaanga, for his red color. Lohitaanga performed many penances and won a boon from Brahma to become one of the Navagrahas, with the name of Angaraka.

He is also sometimes equated to Skanda, the commander of the Deva army. His vehicle is the goat. Tuesday is his sacred day, red his favorite color.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

In Buddhism

Pali

Aṅgāraka, (adj.) (cp. Sk. aṅgaraka) like charcoal, of red colour, N. of the planet Mars DA.I, 95; cp. J.I, 73. (Page 7)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English DictionaryPali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Relevant definitions

Search found 22 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Agni
Agni (अग्नि, “fire”) refers to one of the devatāpañcaka (fivefold divinities), defined in the T...
Rudra
1) Rudra (रुद्र).—The rudras are a group of celestial beings living in the lower regions of adh...
Mangala
Maṅgalā (मङ्गला) is the mother of Sumati, the fifth of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism, ...
Shudra
Śūdra (शूद्र).—The Śūdras should always be represented by a deep blue (śyāma) color when painti...
Rakta
Raktā (रक्ता, “beloved”).—Illustration of Raktā-śruti according to 15th century art:—The colour...
Virabhadra
Vīrabhadra (वीरभद्र) is the name of a gaṇa (attendant of Śiva), mentioned in the Skandapurāṇa 4...
Lohita
Lohitā (लोहिता).—Name of a river originating from Himālaya, a holy mountains (kulaparv...
Brihaspati
1a) Bṛhaspati (बृहस्पति).—(Vedhas)—a son of Angiras by Sunīpā; (also Prajāpati, Vāy...
Palaka
Pālaka (पालक) is the name of one of the two sons of Caṇḍamahāsena and his wife Aṅgāravatī, acco...
Jvala
Jvālā (ज्वाला) refers to an aspect of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), according to the Vihagendra-saṃhitā...
Vasavadatta
Vāsavadattā (वासवदत्ता).—The title of the Vāsavadattā of Subandhu, the oldest romantic novel in...
Sharva
1) Śarva (शर्व).—A name of Śiva Rudra;1 the presiding deity of the earth;2 represents t...
Vikeshi
Vikeśī (विकेशी).—The mother of the planet Aṅgāraka and the wife of Agni (Śarva, Vāyu-purā...
Bhauma
1a) Bhauma (भौम).—A name of the Asura, Naraka (s.v.) a Saiṃhikeya Asura.** Bhāgavata-purā...
Ushana
1a) Uśana (उशन).—A son of Dharma. Performed a hundred aśvamedha sacrifices. Father of Ruc...

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Search found 20 books containing Angaraka or Aṅgāraka. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

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