Dandin, Daṇḍin: 10 definitions

Introduction

Dandin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Daṇḍin (दण्डिन्) was a soldier in Sunītha and Sūryaprabha’s army whose strength is considered as equaling a full-power warrior (pūrṇaratha), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 47. Accordingly, as the Asura Maya explained the arrangement of warriors in Sunītha’s army: “... [Daṇḍin, and others], are all full-power warriors”.

The story of Daṇḍin was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Daṇḍin, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)

Daṇḍin (दण्डिन्) is part of a sculpture of Sūrya (sun god) found at the temple of Lokeśvara, eastern porch ceiling.—In the upper portion of the tableau, by the side of the Sun are two makara, aquatic animals from the mouth of which are jutting out two human beings. Below these personages are seated two devotees, one on each side. They are Daṇḍin and Piṅgala. The former with a palm leaf book and a style is writing. On the snouts of aquatic reptiles are seated Śaṅkhanidhi and Padmanidhi. On the right hand side of the tableau, Mandeha, a group of demons who tried to attack the sun god, are taking to their heels. It is believed that they were taken aback when seven ascetics began to offer morning arghya, offering water respectfully to Sūrya. So these ascetics are shown on the right side of the god and on the left side are seen celestial beings offering flowers to him.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Google Books: Croaking Frogs: A Guide to Sanskrit Metrics and Figures of Speech

Daṇḍin was another one of the earliest writes on poetics. His dates are uncertain, ranging from as early as 660 to as late as the first half of the eighth century CE. His treatise, the Kāvyādarśa, was divided into three chapters:

  1. Definition of kāvya in relation to his theory of poetry,
  2. Definition of alaṅkāra, with descriptions of various arthālaṅkāras,
  3. An elaborate treatment of śabdālaṅkarā.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Daṇḍin (दण्डिन्).—a. [daṇḍa-astyarthe ini] Bearing or having a staff; न शक्या धर्मतो हन्तुं कालेनापीह दण्डिना (na śakyā dharmato hantuṃ kālenāpīha daṇḍinā) Mb.9.61.66. -m.

1) A Brāhmaṇa of the fourth order, a Samnyāsin,

2) A door-keeper, porter.

3) An oarsman.

4) A Jaina ascetic.

5) An epithet of Yama.

6) A king.

7) A religious mendicant (Bhikṣu).

8) An epithet of Śiva.

9) Name of a poet, author of the Kāvyādarśa and Daśakumāracharita; जाते जगति वाल्मीके कविरित्यभिधाऽभवत् । कवि इति ततो व्यासे कवयस्त्वयि दण्डिनि (jāte jagati vālmīke kavirityabhidhā'bhavat | kavi iti tato vyāse kavayastvayi daṇḍini) || Udb.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Daṇḍin (दण्डिन्).—n. of a brahman: MSV i.116.4 ff. (corresp. to Pali Gāmaṇi Caṇḍa, see DPPN).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daṇḍin (दण्डिन्).—mfn. (-ṇḍī-ṇḍinī-ṇḍi) Having a staff or stick. m. (-ṇḍī) 1. A doorkeeper, a warder, a porter, a staff or mace-bearer. 2. A name of Yama. 3. A man of the fourth order or beggar. 4. A mendicant carrying a staff. 5. A mendicant of a particular order, derived from Sankaracharya. 6. A Jina or Jaina saint. E. daṇḍa a staff, &c. and ini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daṇḍin (दण्डिन्).—i. e. daṇḍa + in, I. adj. Bearing a staff, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 52. Ii. m. 1. Epithet of Yama, Kām. Nītis. 2, 36. 2. A proper name, Mahābhārata 1, 2738.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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