Vrindavana, Vṛndāvana, Vrindāvana, Vrinda-vana: 14 definitions



Vrindavana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Vṛndāvana can be transliterated into English as Vrndavana or Vrindavana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vrindavana in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Vṛndāvana (वृन्दावन).—Sacred to Rādhā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 33. 24; 36. 32. Matsya-purāṇa 13. 38; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 25. 4.

2) Vrindāvana (व्रिन्दावन).—The Gopas immigrated to this forest region from Vraja to avoid omens that threatened that place.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 6. 24 ff; 16. 1.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

1) Vṛndāvana (वृन्दावन).—Kṛṣṇa’s eternal abode, where He fully manifests His quality of sweetness.

2) Vṛndāvana (वृन्दावन).—The village on this earth in which He enacted His childhood pastimes five thousand years ago.

3) Vṛndāvana (वृन्दावन).—The topmost transcendental abode of the Supreme Lord. It is His personal spiritual abode descended to the earthly plane. It is situated on the Western bank of the river Yamunā.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Vṛndāvana (वृन्दावन) refers to:—The forest of Vṛndā; the famous place where Śrī Kṛṣṇa enacted His enchanting līlās, such as rāsa-līlā. Vṛndāvana is situated approximately 12 kilometers northeast of Mathurā, along the western bank of the Yamunā River. It is one of the twelve forests of Vraja. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Vrindavana in Hinduism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Vṛndāvana (वृन्दावन)—One of the seven forests on the western bank of the Yamunā.

Source: Google Books: The Sword and the Flute

Finally, in perhaps his most famous “battle” in Vṛndāvana, Kṛṣṇa defeats the many-headed serpent Kaliya. Kaliya lives in a nearby stream and has poisoned its waters, causing the death of many cattle. Kṛṣṇa arrives on the scene, surveys the situation, climbs into a tree, and leaps into the poisonous waters, where he begins to bait the monster by swimming and playing there. The enraged Kaliya emerges from his lair beneath the watersm and the battle begins.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Vrindavana : A wood in the district of Mathura where Krishna passed his youth, under the name of Gopala, among the cowherds.

India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)

Vṛndāvana (वृन्दावन) is the son of Kālīsahāya and the grandson of Durgāsahāya (C. 1775-1850 C.E.): author of Vṛttavivecana and the son of Vilāsa and grandson of Śrīrāma Miśra. Durgāsahāya was also the father of Kālīsahāya and grandfather of Vṛndāvana. He hailed from Pañcāla (presently Punjab) and belonged to the class of Sārasvata Brahmins, who were resided on the banks of river Sarasvatī. He belonged to Vatsagotra and his family name is Jaitaliya (K. V. Sarma says that this Jaitali is modern Jaitely). Durgāsahāya describes the name of his father and grandfather in the penultimate verse of Vṛttavivecana. Other references are collected from the introduction of K. V. Sarma to his edition of Vṛttavivecana.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vrindavana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vṛndāvana (वृंदावन).—n (S) The little tower-form erection of earth and stones in which the tuḷasa (Holy basil) is planted. 2 The name of a wood near gōkūḷa, a place of resort and sport of Krishn̤a, now a place of pilgrimage. 3 A plant of the genus Cucumis; distinguished into kaḍū vṛndāvana & gōḍa vṛndāvana. vṛndāvanaphala n is understood esp. of Cucumis colocynthis, Colocynth.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vṛndāvana (वृंदावन).—n A raised bed for Basil plant.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vrindavana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vṛndāvana (वृन्दावन).—

1) Name of a forest near Gokula; वृन्दारण्ये वसतिधुना केवलं दुःखहेतुः (vṛndāraṇye vasatidhunā kevalaṃ duḥkhahetuḥ) Pad. D.38, 41; R.6.5; वृन्दा यत्र तपस्तेपे तत्तु वृन्दावनं स्मृतम् । वृन्दयाऽत्र कृता क्रीडा तेन वा मुनिपुङ्गव (vṛndā yatra tapastepe tattu vṛndāvanaṃ smṛtam | vṛndayā'tra kṛtā krīḍā tena vā munipuṅgava) || Brav. P.

2) a raised mound of earth to plant and preserve the holy basil.

Derivable forms: vṛndāvanam (वृन्दावनम्).

Vṛndāvana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vṛndā and vana (वन). See also (synonyms): vṛndāraṇya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vṛndāvana (वृन्दावन).—[neuter] [Name] of a sacred grove.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Vṛndāvana (वृन्दावन) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Gopālastavarājabhāṣya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vṛndāvana (वृन्दावन):—[=vṛndā-vana] [from vṛndā > vṛnda] n. ‘Rādhā’s forest’, a wood near the town Go-kula in the district of Mathurā on the left bank of the Jumnā (celebrated as the place where Kṛṣṇa in the character of Go-pāla, or cowherd, passed his youth, associating with the cowherds and milkmaids employed in tending the cattle grazing in the forest), [Harivaṃśa; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a raised platform or mound of earth on which the worshippers of Kṛṣṇa plant and preserve the Tulasī, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of various authors and others (also with go-svāmin and śukla), [Catalogue(s)]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Vṛndāvana (वृन्दावन):—(vṛ + vana)

1) n. Nomen proprium eines heiligen Waldes am linken Ufer der Yamunā in der Nähe von Mathurā, des Schauplatzes der Liebesspiele Kṛṣṇa’s mit Vṛndā (= rādhā und auch = tulasī), [Harivaṃśa 3497. fgg.] [Raghuvaṃśa 6, 50.] vipina [Gītagovinda.1,33. 45.] [Oxforder Handschriften.9,a, No. 47. 13,b,37. 14,b,30. 21,b,10. 24,b,45. 26,b,37. 27,a,44. 39,b,14. 128,b,27. 131,b, No. 239. 145,a,20. 237,a,23. 301,a,34.] [PAÑCAR.1,1,67.7,60.2,2,63.4,7. 51.4,1,27.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik.5,6.] [HALL 70.] nagara [Oxforder Handschriften 26,b,39.] vṛndāvaneśa Beiname Kṛṣṇa’s [PAÑCAR. 1, 5, 21.] vṛndāvaneśvara desgl. [PĀDMA-Pāṇini’s acht Bücher,] [PĀTĀLAKH. 9] und [PĀDMOTTARAKH. 67 im Śabdakalpadruma] vṛndāvaneśvarī Beiname der Rādhā ebend. vṛndāvanamāhātmya [Böhtlingk’s Verzeichniss No. 18.] yamaka [Kāvya-Saṅgraha 453. fgg.] śataka [430. fgg.] campū [Colebrooke II, 136.] —

2) m. Nomen proprium eines Mannes [Oxforder Handschriften 218,a, Nalopākhyāna 3.] —

3) f. ī ein Name der Tulasī (Basilienkraut) [Oxforder Handschriften 24,a,27.] — Vgl. tulasī, vivāha .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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