Vrindavana, Vṛndāvana, Vrindāvana, Vrinda-vana: 13 definitions
Vrindavana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Vṛndāvana can be transliterated into English as Vrndavana or Vrindavana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1) Vṛndāvana (वृन्दावन).—Sacred to Rādhā.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 33. 24; 36. 32. Matsya-purāṇa 13. 38; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 25. 4.
2) Vrindāvana (व्रिन्दावन).—The Gopas immigrated to this forest region from Vraja to avoid omens that threatened that place.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 6. 24 ff; 16. 1.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary
1) Vṛndāvana (वृन्दावन).—Kṛṣṇa’s eternal abode, where He fully manifests His quality of sweetness.
2) Vṛndāvana (वृन्दावन).—The village on this earth in which He enacted His childhood pastimes five thousand years ago.
3) Vṛndāvana (वृन्दावन).—The topmost transcendental abode of the Supreme Lord. It is His personal spiritual abode descended to the earthly plane. It is situated on the Western bank of the river Yamunā.
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Vṛndāvana (वृन्दावन)—One of the seven forests on the western bank of the Yamunā.Source: Google Books: The Sword and the Flute
Finally, in perhaps his most famous “battle” in Vṛndāvana, Kṛṣṇa defeats the many-headed serpent Kaliya. Kaliya lives in a nearby stream and has poisoned its waters, causing the death of many cattle. Kṛṣṇa arrives on the scene, surveys the situation, climbs into a tree, and leaps into the poisonous waters, where he begins to bait the monster by swimming and playing there. The enraged Kaliya emerges from his lair beneath the watersm and the battle begins.Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Vrindavana : A wood in the district of Mathura where Krishna passed his youth, under the name of Gopala, among the cowherds.
India history and geogprahySource: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)
Vṛndāvana (वृन्दावन) is the son of Kālīsahāya and the grandson of Durgāsahāya (C. 1775-1850 C.E.): author of Vṛttavivecana and the son of Vilāsa and grandson of Śrīrāma Miśra. Durgāsahāya was also the father of Kālīsahāya and grandfather of Vṛndāvana. He hailed from Pañcāla (presently Punjab) and belonged to the class of Sārasvata Brahmins, who were resided on the banks of river Sarasvatī. He belonged to Vatsagotra and his family name is Jaitaliya (K. V. Sarma says that this Jaitali is modern Jaitely). Durgāsahāya describes the name of his father and grandfather in the penultimate verse of Vṛttavivecana. Other references are collected from the introduction of K. V. Sarma to his edition of Vṛttavivecana.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
vṛndāvana (वृंदावन).—n (S) The little tower-form erection of earth and stones in which the tuḷasa (Holy basil) is planted. 2 The name of a wood near gōkūḷa, a place of resort and sport of Krishn̤a, now a place of pilgrimage. 3 A plant of the genus Cucumis; distinguished into kaḍū vṛndāvana & gōḍa vṛndāvana. vṛndāvanaphala n is understood esp. of Cucumis colocynthis, Colocynth.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
vṛndāvana (वृंदावन).—n A raised bed for Basil plant.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Name of a forest near Gokula; वृन्दारण्ये वसतिधुना केवलं दुःखहेतुः (vṛndāraṇye vasatidhunā kevalaṃ duḥkhahetuḥ) Pad. D.38, 41; R.6.5; वृन्दा यत्र तपस्तेपे तत्तु वृन्दावनं स्मृतम् । वृन्दयाऽत्र कृता क्रीडा तेन वा मुनिपुङ्गव (vṛndā yatra tapastepe tattu vṛndāvanaṃ smṛtam | vṛndayā'tra kṛtā krīḍā tena vā munipuṅgava) || Brav. P.
2) a raised mound of earth to plant and preserve the holy basil.
Derivable forms: vṛndāvanam (वृन्दावनम्).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vṛndāvana (वृन्दावन).—[neuter] [Name] of a sacred grove.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
Vṛndāvana (वृन्दावन) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Gopālastavarājabhāṣya.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Vṛndāvana (वृन्दावन):—[=vṛndā-vana] [from vṛndā > vṛnda] n. ‘Rādhā’s forest’, a wood near the town Go-kula in the district of Mathurā on the left bank of the Jumnā (celebrated as the place where Kṛṣṇa in the character of Go-pāla, or cowherd, passed his youth, associating with the cowherds and milkmaids employed in tending the cattle grazing in the forest), [Harivaṃśa; Kāvya literature] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] a raised platform or mound of earth on which the worshippers of Kṛṣṇa plant and preserve the Tulasī, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]
3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of various authors and others (also with go-svāmin and śukla), [Catalogue(s)]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+9): Vrindavana gosvamin, Vrindavana shukla, Vrindavanacampu, Vrindavanacandra, Vrindavanacandra tarkalamkara cakravartin, Vrindavanadasa, Vrindavanadeva, Vrindavanakavya, Vrindavanakavyatika, Vrindavanakhande gargasamhita, Vrindavanakhandegargasamhita, Vrindavanakhyana, Vrindavanalilamrita, Vrindavanamahatmya, Vrindavanamahimamrita, Vrindavanamanjari, Vrindavananagara, Vrindavananirnaya, Vrindavananirnayarahasyapatala, Vrindavanapaddhati.
Full-text (+106): Smaranakramamala, Vrindavanavipina, Vrindavanapaddhati, Vrindavanayamaka, Vrindavanashataka, Vrindavananirnaya, Vrindavanamahatmya, Vrindavanalilamrita, Vrindavanavarnana, Vrindavanacampu, Vrindavanapratishtha, Vrindavanamanjari, Vrindavanavinoda, Vrindavanarahasya, Vrindavanadasa, Vrindavanadeva, Vrindavanakhandegargasamhita, Vrindavananagara, Vrindavanacandra, Vrindavanakavyatika.
Search found 31 books and stories containing Vrindavana, Vṛndāvana, Vrindāvana, Vrndavana, Vrinda-vana, Vṛndā-vana, Vrnda-vana; (plurals include: Vrindavanas, Vṛndāvanas, Vrindāvanas, Vrndavanas, vanas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Chapter 18 - Lord Balarama Slays the Demon Pralamba < [Canto X - The Summum Bonum]
Chapter 21 - The Gopis Glorify the Song of Krishna’s Flute < [Canto X - The Summum Bonum]
Chapter 12 - Beyond Renunciation and Knowledge < [Canto XI - General History]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 193 - The Greatness of the Bhāgavata < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 75 - Nārada’s Experience < [Section 5 - Pātāla-Khaṇḍa (Section on the Nether World)]
Chapter 77 - A Description of Kṛṣṇa < [Section 5 - Pātāla-Khaṇḍa (Section on the Nether World)]
Various Exploits < [Fifth Section]
Kaliya Humbled < [Fifth Section]
The Death of Putana and Other Incidents < [Fifth Section]
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
Chapter XVI - Slaughter demon Keshin < [Book V]
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Chapter 1 - On the description of Prakṛti < [Book 9]
Śrī Kṛṣṇa-vijaya (by Śrī Gunaraja Khan)