Vrintaka, Vṛntāka, Vṛntaka, Vrimtaka: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Vrintaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Vṛntāka and Vṛntaka can be transliterated into English as Vrntaka or Vrintaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Vṛntaka (वृन्तक) is another name (synonym) for Vārtāka, which is the Sanskrit word for Solanum melongena (eggplant), a plant from the Solanaceae family. Vārtāka is classified as a vegetable (śāka) by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The synonym Vṛntaka was identified in the Bhāvaprakāśa, which is a 16th-century medicinal thesaurus authored by Bhāvamiśra.

It can also be spelled as Vṛntāka (वृन्ताक), referring to a synonym for Vārttākī, which is a Sanskrit word for the same Solanum melongena. This variant spelling (synonym) was identified by Narahari
in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 7.194-195), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Vṛntaka (वृन्तक) refers to one of the four Kiṅkaras (servants) associated with Tumburu, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 11.1-24ab, while describing the appearance and worship of Tumburu]—“[...] [He worships] Deva as Tumburu in the middle of an eight petaled lotus, in the maṇḍala, [starting] in the East, O Devī. [...] Devīs and Dūtis stand in all directions, beginning in the East, etc. Thus, the female servants are in their proper places at the entries [of the maṇḍala]. The Dūtīs are called Jambhanī, Mohanī, Subhagā, and Durbhagā. The servants are called Krodhana, Vṛntaka, Gajakarṇa, and Mahābala. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Vṛntāka (वृन्ताक) refers to the “brinjal” or eggplant (Solanum melongena): a type of vegetable (śāka), according to The Vyākhyāprajñapti 7.3.276. It is also known as Vṛntaki and Vāiṃgaṇi. Different kinds of vegetables were grown in the vegetable gardens (kaccha / kakṣa). The consumption of vegetables was considered essential for digesting food according to the Niśīthacūrṇi. The Jaina texts forbid the consumption of certain vegetables as it leads to killing of insects.

The Vyākhyāprajñapti, also known as the Bhagavatīsūtra contains a compilation of 36,000 questions answered by Mahāvīra and dates to at least the 1st century A.D. The Niśīthacūrṇi by Jinadāsa is a 7th century commentary on the Niśthasūtra and deals with Jain medical knowledge.

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Vṛntāka (वृन्ताक, “aubergines”) refers to an article of food classified as abhakṣya (forbidden to eat) according to Nemicandra (in his Pravacana-sāroddhāra v245-246). Aubergines (vṛntāka) have aphrodisiac properties and provoke a tendency to sleep too much.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Vrntaka in India is the name of a plant defined with Chenopodium album in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Atriplex alba Crantz (among others).

2) Vrntaka is also identified with Chenopodium hederiforme It has the synonym Atriplex alba (L.) Crantz (etc.).

3) Vrntaka is also identified with Chenopodium olukondae It has the synonym Chenopodium opulifolium subsp. oluhondae Murray (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis (1815)
· Scripta Fac. Sci. Nat. Univ. Purkyn. Brun. (1978)
· Annales Botanici Fennici (1977)
· American Midland Naturalist (1943)
· Systema Vegetabilium (1820)
· Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis (1928)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Vrntaka, for example side effects, health benefits, chemical composition, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vṛntāka (वृंताक).—n S The fruit of the Brinjal or Eggplant. 2 m The plant.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vṛntāka (वृन्ताक).—The egg-plant.

Derivable forms: vṛntākaḥ (वृन्ताकः).

See also (synonyms): vṛntākī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vṛntāka (वृन्ताक).—mf. (-kaḥ-kī) The egg-plant, (Solanum melongena.) E. vṛnta footstalk, ak to go, aff. ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vṛntaka (वृन्तक).—(adj. —°), [feminine] vṛntikā = [preceding] [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vṛntaka (वृन्तक):—[from vṛnta] (ifc. f(ikā). ) = vṛnta, a stalk (See kṛṣṇa-, dīrgha-, nīla-vṛ)

2) Vṛntāka (वृन्ताक):—[from vṛnta] m. (or f(ī). ) the egg-plant

3) [v.s. ...] n. its fruit, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vṛntāka (वृन्ताक):—[(kaḥ-kaṃ)] 1. m. f. The egg plant.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vrintaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vṛṃtāka (ವೃಂತಾಕ):—

1) [noun] the plant Solanum melongena of Solanaceae family; egg plant.

2) [noun] its edible fruit; brinjal.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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