Vastu, Vāstu: 21 definitions
Vastu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Images (photo gallery)
Vastushastra (architecture)Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vāstu (वास्तु) is a Sanskrit technical term denoting a “residence” in general, according to the lists of synonyms given in the Mayamata XIX.10-12, which is a populair treatise on Vāstuśāstra literature.Source: The India Center: Architecture (Vastu Shastra)
The Sanskrit word Vastu means a dwelling or house. The Vastu, takes the meaning of “the site or foundation of a house, site, ground, building or dwelling-place, habitation, homestead, house”. The underlying root is Vas “to dwell, live, stay, abide”.Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra
Vāstu (वास्तु).—Chapter III of the Mānasāra recounts that the wise sages “identified” locales that were fit for the dwelling of gods and humans. They called these sites vāstu, the primal architectural “object”, which, by creative intervention of humans, was to be transformed into vāstu, “dwelling”. Sacred architecture begins, thus, by perceiving divine presence at a particular location.
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Vāstu (वास्तु) is another name (synonym) for Vāstūka, which is a Sanskrit name for the plant Chenopodium album (lamb’s quarters). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 7.122-123), which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1) Vastu (वस्तु).—A son of Lomapāda.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 95. 37.
2) Vāstu (वास्तु).—Rules of Śilpaśāstra. According to these Kṛṣṇa built a city (Dvārakā) in the sea.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 50. 50-51.
Vāstu (वास्तु) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.24). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vāstu) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
1) Vastu (वस्तु, “plot”) refers to the “subject-matter” of a dramatic play (nāṭya), also known as Itivṛtta, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 20-21. The subject-matter (vastu) of a Nāṭaka may be twofold:
- “The principal” (ādhikārika)
- and the “incidental” (prāsaṅgika)
The meaning of the principal Plot is obvious from its name, and an incidental Plot is that in which the characters acting in their own interest incidentally further the purpose of the Hero of the principal Plot.
2) Vastu (वस्तु) refers to one of the twenty aspects of tāla (time-measure), according to the Nāṭyaśāstrahapter chapter 28. In musical performance, tāla refers to any rhythmic beat or strike that measures musical time. It is an important concept in ancient Indian musical theory (gāndharvaśāstra) traceable to the Vedic era.
Vastu is a technical word meaning principal parts of songs. This is probably equivalent to what the singers of North India call tuk in connexion with Dhrupada songs. See Gītasūtrasāra (Bengali). p. 78. This word (Vastu) has been used by Kālidāsa (Mālavi. II. 0. 5; 3.1; 4.1.) It also means a song, and is equivalent to the term. cīj. (lit. thing) used by the modern North Indian singers. See Śārṅgadeva’s Saṃgītaratnākara V. 6; V. 61ff.
Vastu (वस्तु, “a thing”).—Something which is exclusively composed of regular words and musical metre is called a vastu (lit, “thing”). One should known that prabandha, vastu and rūpaka are the three names of composed music (nibaddha) based on regular words (pada) and the other phrasal elements (aṅga). (cf. Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 13.6)
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: JSTOR: Tāntric Dīkṣā by Surya Kanta
Vāstu (वास्तु) is the name of a prodigious demon, who was killed by 53 gods. These gods are worshipped and bali-offerings are given to them. (see Balimaṇḍapa, ‘a temporary hall created for ceremonial occasions’).
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga
Vāstu (वास्तु, “houses”) refers to one of the classes of the external (bahya) division of attachment (parigraha) and is related to the Aparigraha-vrata (vow of non-attachment). Vāstu is listed in Śvetāmbara sources such as Devagupta’s Nava-pada-prakaraṇa with Laghu-vṛtti (58), and in Digambara sources such Cāmuṇḍarāya’s Caritrasāra (p. 7).
Houses (vāstu) are of three types:
- excavated (khāta);
- raised (ucchrita);
- a combination of both (khātocchrita).
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Vāstu.—(EI 15, 32), homestead land. Note: vāstu is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
1) Vastu (वस्तु).—n (S) A thing in general; any article or substance; any affair, business, or matter. Note. This word will often be used in the feminine gender, and written indifferently with stu & stū. Viewed and written as a Sanskrit word it should always be neuter. 2 The main plot (of a play or poem).
2) vastū (वस्तू).—f (vastu S) An article or a thing in general.
vastū.—prep (vastu S) By: noting the agent. Ex. mājhēvastū hōīla -jāvēla -hōta nāhīṃ -karavata nāhīṃ.
vāstu.—n f S A house or habitation; a place of abode.
vāstu.—ind The sign of the third case, answering to nēṃ or By.
3) vāstū (वास्तू).—ind By. See vāstu ind.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
1) Vastu (वस्तु).—f A thing in general; an article.
2) vastū (वस्तू).—f A thing in general; an article.
3) vāstu (वास्तु).—n f A house; a place of abode.
4) vāstū (वास्तू).—f Ceremonies towards the composing of evil spirits observed on entering into a new house.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Vastu (वस्तु).—n. [vas-tun Uṇ.1.71]
1) A really existing thing, the real, a reality; वस्तुन्यवस्त्वारोपोऽज्ञानम् (vastunyavastvāropo'jñānam)
2) A thing in general, an object, article, substance, matter; अथवा मृदु वस्तु हिंसितुं मृदुनैवारभते कृतान्तकः (athavā mṛdu vastu hiṃsituṃ mṛdunaivārabhate kṛtāntakaḥ) R.8.45; किं वस्तु विद्वन् गुरवे प्रदेयम् (kiṃ vastu vidvan gurave pradeyam) 5.18;3.5; वस्तुनीष्टेऽप्यनादरः (vastunīṣṭe'pyanādaraḥ) S. D.
3) Wealth, property, possessions.
4) Essence, nature, natural or essential property.
5) Stuff (of which a thing in made), materials, ingredients (fig. also); आकृतिप्रत्ययादेवैनामनूनवस्तुकां संभावयामि (ākṛtipratyayādevaināmanūnavastukāṃ saṃbhāvayāmi) M.1.
6) The plot (of a drama), the subjet-matter of any poetic composition; कालिदासग्रथितवस्तुना नवेनाभिज्ञानशकुन्तलाख्येन नाटकेनोप- स्थातव्यमस्माभिः (kālidāsagrathitavastunā navenābhijñānaśakuntalākhyena nāṭakenopa- sthātavyamasmābhiḥ) Ś.1; अथवा सद्वस्तुपुरुषबहुमानात् (athavā sadvastupuruṣabahumānāt) V.1.2; आशीर्नमस्क्रियावस्तुनिर्देशो वापि तन्मुखम् (āśīrnamaskriyāvastunirdeśo vāpi tanmukham) S. D.6; Ve.1; Rām.1.3.1.
7) The pith of a thing.
8) A plan, design.
9) (In music) A kind of composition. -f. Ved. A day (?)
--- OR ---
Vāstu (वास्तु).—m., n. [vas-tuṇ Uṇ.1.77]
1) The site of a house, building ground, site.
2) A house, an abode, a dwelling-place; रवेरविषये वास्तु किं न दीपः प्रकाशयेत् (raveraviṣaye vāstu kiṃ na dīpaḥ prakāśayet) Subhāṣ.
3) A chamber.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Vastu (वस्तु).—nt. (semi-MIndic, = Sanskrit vāstu; Sanskrit vastu in this sense noted only in vraṇa-v°, Sitz, Ort einer Wunde, [Boehtlingk and Roth]; in Pali vatthu = Sanskrit vastu and vāstu), site, place: etasmiṃ…pṛthivīpradeśe bhagavato Kāśyapasya āgama- (? v.l. āramana-; Senart's note em. ārāma-)-vastuṃ abhūṣi Mahāvastu i.318.7;…Kāśyapasya kuṭī-vastu (v.l. °vastum) abhūṣi 9, the site of the hut of K.; ṛṣiṇā taṃ vastuṃ teṣāṃ …dinnaṃ i.352.3, the ṛṣi (Kapila) gave them the site (on which they were to build the city called, for this reason, Kapila-vastu, q.v.). Also in i.318.10, parallel to 7 and 9 above, I would read caṅkrama-vastu for text °ṣaṣṭiḥ (rather than °bhūmiḥ with Senart's note). [In Lalitavistara 106.18 śuci-gātra-vastu-saṃpannaḥ read with v.l. vastra for vastu; so Tibetan, perfect in having clean garments (na bzaḥ) on his body.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vastu (वस्तु).—n. (-stu) 1. Thing, matter, substance. 2. Natural disposition, essential property, nature, essence. 3. The pith or substance of any thing. 4. The main plot or subject of a poem or play. 5. The rear. E. vas to abide, Unadi aff. tun .
--- OR ---
Vāstu (वास्तु).—mn. (-stuḥ-stu) 1. The site of a habitation. 2. A house, a habitation. E. vas to dwell, Unadi aff. tun, and the radical vowel made long.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vastu (वस्तु).—[vas + tu] 1., n. 1. Natural disposition. 2. Essence, the true object, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in
--- OR ---
Vāstu (वास्तु).— (vb. 1. vas), m. and n. 1. The site of a building, a building-place. 2. Ground, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 255. 3. A house.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vastu (वस्तु).—1. [feminine] brightening, dawning; [genetive] vastos in the morning, prati vastos towards morning.
--- OR ---
Vastu (वस्तु).—2. [neuter] seat, place; thing, object, reality; matter, circumstance; substance, contents or subject (of a poem etc.).
--- OR ---
Vāstu (वास्तु).—[neuter] ([masculine]) dwelling, home.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Vastu (वस्तु):—[from vas] 1. vastu f. (for 2. See p. 932, col. 3) becoming light, dawning, morning, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] ([genitive case] vastoḥ, in the m°; vastor vastoḥ, every m°; vastor asyāḥ, this m°; prati vastoḥ, towards m°; [dative case] vastave See under √2. vas).
2) [from vas] 2. vastu n. (for 1. See p. 931, col. 3) the seat or place of (See kapila-, vraṇa-v)
3) [v.s. ...] any really existing or abiding substance or essence, thing, object, article, [Kāvya literature; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc. (also applied to living beings e.g. [Śakuntalā ii, 7/8])
4) [v.s. ...] (in [philosophy]) the real (opp. to a-v, ‘that which does not really exist, the unreal’; a-dvitīya-v, ‘the one real substance or essence which has no second’), [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 53 n. 1; 103] etc.
5) [v.s. ...] the right thing, a valuable or worthy object, object of or for ([compound]), [Kāvya literature]
6) [v.s. ...] goods, wealth, property (cf. -vinimaya and -hāni)
7) [v.s. ...] the thing in question, matter, affair, circumstance, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
8) [v.s. ...] subject, subject-matter, contents, theme (of a speech etc.), plot (of a drama or poem), [Kāvya literature; Daśarūpa; Sāhitya-darpaṇa] etc.
9) [v.s. ...] (in music) a kind of composition, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]
10) [v.s. ...] natural disposition, essential property, [Horace H. Wilson]
11) [v.s. ...] the pith or substance of anything, [Horace H. Wilson]
12) a 1. 2. vastu. See pp. 931 and 932.
13) Vāstu (वास्तु):—[from vāstava] n. (m. only in [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]) the site or foundation of a house, site, ground, building or dwelling-place, habitation, homestead, house, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.
14) [v.s. ...] an apartment, chamber, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]
15) [v.s. ...] m. Name of one of the 8 Vasus, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
16) [v.s. ...] of a Rākṣasa, [Catalogue(s)]
17) [v.s. ...] ([probably]) f. Name of a river, [Mahābhārata]
18) [v.s. ...] n. the pot-herb Chenopodium Album, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
19) [v.s. ...] a kind of grain, [Āpastamba-śrauta-sūtra [Scholiast or Commentator]] (cf. -maya).
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+126): Vastu-bhumi, Vastu-kritya, Vastu-kshetra-jaladhara-garta-marga-samanvita, Vastu-parivara, Vastu-prabhritaka, Vastubala, Vastubali, Vastubandhana, Vastubhava, Vastubheda, Vastubhuta, Vastucakra, Vastucandrika, Vastudeva, Vastudevata, Vastudevatasthapana, Vastudharma, Vastudharmatva, Vastudharmin, Vastugatya.
Ends with (+43): Advitiyavastu, Ailapailavastu, Avastu, Avyakrita-vastu, Bahyavastu, Bhakshyavastu, Bhogavastu, Bhogyavastu, Catursamgrahavastu, Catursangrahavastu, Chatursamgrahavastu, Chatursangrahavastu, Dhadotici Vastu, Dhadutici Vastu, Grathitavastu, Grihavastu, Hotavastu, Kalavastu, Kapilasyavastu, Kapilavastu.
Full-text (+591): Vastuvidya, Vastushanti, Kapilavastu, Vastushastra, Vastutattva, Vastuvidhana, Vastuvicara, Vastubhuta, Vastujnana, Vastukrita, Vastukala, Vastuyaga, Vastutas, Vastupala, Shubhavastu, Sauvastava, Vastuvivarta, Bhogavastu, Yuddhavastu, Paravastu.
Search found 49 books and stories containing Vastu, Vāstu, Vastū, Vāstū; (plurals include: Vastus, Vāstus, Vastūs, Vāstūs). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Natyashastra (by Bharata-muni)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Puṇyakriyāvastu: preliminary note < [Part 5 - Establishing beings in the puṇyakriyāvastus]
Bodhisattva quality 14: skilled in teaching dependent origination < [Chapter X - The Qualities of the Bodhisattvas]
Bhūmi 5: the ground difficult to conquer (sudurjayā) < [Chapter XX - (2nd series): Setting out on the Mahāyāna]
Kautilya Arthashastra (by R. Shamasastry)
Chapter 9 - Sale of Buildings and Boundary Disputes < [Book 3 - Concerning Law]
Chapter 8 - Buildings < [Book 3 - Concerning Law]
Satapatha Brahmana (by Julius Eggeling)
Kāṇḍa I, adhyāya 7, brāhmaṇa 3 < [First Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa II, adhyāya 1, brāhmaṇa 2 < [Second Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa XI, adhyāya 5, brāhmaṇa 8 < [Eleventh Kāṇḍa]
Vivekachudamani (by Shankara)
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)