Bahyavastu, Bāhyavastu, Bahya-vastu: 3 definitions


Bahyavastu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Bahyavastu in Purana glossary
Source: Yoga Vasishtha Maharamayana

Bāhyavastu (बाह्यवस्तु) refers to “external objects”, as mentioned in the Yogavasistha 1.28 (“Mutability of the world”).—Accordingly, as Rāma narrated: “Boyhood lasts but a few days, and then it is succeeded by youth which is as quickly followed by old age: thus there being no identity of the same person, how can one rely on the uniformity of external objects [i.e., bāhyavastubāhyeṣu vastuṣu]? The mind that gets delighted in a moment and becomes dejected in the next, and assumes likewise its equanimity at another, is indeed as changeful as an actor. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Bahyavastu in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Bāhyavastu (बाह्यवस्तु) refers to “(attachment to) outer things”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 48). Accordingly, “The self (ātman) is the root (mūla) of all the passions (kleśa). First, one is attached to the five aggrergates (skandha) as if they were the self; then, one is attached to outer things (bāhyavastu) as if they were ‘mine’ (ātmīya). Tied (baddha) by the ‘mine’, one produces love (rāga) and hatred (dveṣa) and as a result of this love and hatred, one carries out actions (karman). [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bahyavastu in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bāhyavastu (बाह्यवस्तु):—[=bāhya-vastu] [from bāhya] n. external wealth or riches, [Kumāra-sambhava]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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