Kapilavastu, aka: Kapila-vastu; 4 Definition(s)


Kapilavastu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

[Kapilavastu in Hinduism glossaries]

Kapilavastu (कपिलवस्तु).— The sub-Himālayan Śākyan-gaṇa, which tradition claims descended from either Ikṣvāku or one of his progeny, had an autonomous administration. Inhabiting forest tracts, they named their capital, Kapilavastu, after the famous brāhmaṇa sage, Kapila. Lamotte described the Śākyas as “a clan of uncertain origin but which had to a certain degree been subjected to brāhmaṇical influence”.

(Source): eScholarship: Kosalan Philosophy

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[Kapilavastu in Mahayana glossaries]

Kapilavastu (कपिलवस्तु), in Nepal, principal city of the Śākya clan. Its location has been discovered near the village of Paderia, two miles north of Bhavanpur. Cf. P. C. Mukherji, Antiquities in the Tarai, Nepal: the region of Kapilavastu, AR Arch Surv., 1901; V. A. Smith, Kapilavastu, in ERE, VII, p. 659. – The Buddha was born in the Lumbinī park (Rumindeī) east of the city; he stayed there until his departure for enlightenment. He returned during the first year of his ministry and made a large number of conversions. He returned again to pacify the conflict between Śakya and Koliya concerning the Rohinī river (Dhammapadaṭṭha, III, p. 254), and during the punitive expedition of Viḍūḍabha (Jātaka, IV, p. 144 sq.).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of kapilavastu in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Buddhism)

[Kapilavastu in Buddhism glossaries]

Kapilavastu, “the city of beautiful virtue,” was the birthplace of Sakyamuni, but was destroyed, during his lifetime.

It was situated a short distance north-west of the present Goruckpoor, lat. 26d 46s N., lon. 83d 19s.

E. Davids says: “It was on the banks of the river Rohini, the modern Kohana, about 100 miles north-west of the city of Benares.”

(Source): eBooks@Adelaide: A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms

India history and geogprahy

[Kapilavastu in India history glossaries]

Kapilavastu (कपिलवस्तु).—The Buddha himself says that he hails from a principality situated among the Kosalans. He grew up in Kapilavastu at the time when Kosala, Magadha, and the Vajji confederation were at their zenith. Gotama Buddha often visited Kapilavastu (his native Śākya town) and Vaiśālī, but spent a great deal of time in Śrāvastī, the capital of Kosala.

(Source): eScholarship: Kosalan Philosophy (history)
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Relevant definitions

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