Mundaka Upanishad with Shankara’s Commentary

by S. Sitarama Sastri | 1905 | 19,662 words

The Mundaka Upanishad is a collection of philosophical poems used to teach meditation and spiritual knowledge regarding the true nature of Brahma and the Self (Atman). It is composed of the three main parts (mundakas): 1) The first of three parts expounds the science of higher and lower knowledge. 2) The second part describes the true nature of t...

Verse 1.1.9

यः सर्वज्ञः सर्वविद्यस्य ज्ञानमयं तापः ।
तस्मादेतद्ब्रह्म नाम रूपमन्नं च जायाते ॥ ९ ॥

yaḥ sarvajñaḥ sarvavidyasya jñānamayaṃ tāpaḥ |
tasmādetadbrahma nāma rūpamannaṃ ca jāyāte || 9 ||

9. From the Brahman who knows all and everything of all and whose tapas is in the nature of knowledge, this Brahma, name, form and food are produced.


Shankara’s Commentary:

Com.—By way of concluding what was already stated the mantra says as follows: ‘Yah,’ above described and named akshara; Sarvajna means he who knows all, who knows all things as a class. Sarvavid, i.e., who knows everything in particular; whose tapas is only a modification of knowledge, consists in omniscience and is not in the nature of modification. From him so described, omniscient, this, i.e., manifested Brahman by name Hiranyagarbha, is produced. Again name, such as ‘This is Devadatta and Yajnadatta, etc.’; and form such as this is white, blue, etc., and food such as corn, yava, etc., are produced in the order stated in the last text; thus there is no inconsistency.



॥ इति मुण्डकोपनिषदि प्रथममुण्डके प्रथमः खण्डः ॥

|| iti muṇḍakopaniṣadi prathamamuṇḍake prathamaḥ khaṇḍaḥ ||

Here ends the commentary
on the first part of the
first Mundaka.


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