Atapa, Ātāpa, Ātapa: 29 definitions


Atapa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Aatap.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ātapa (आतप).—A son of Uṣā and Vibhāvasu. A Vasu. Father of Pañcayāma.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 16.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Ātapa (आतप) refers to “sunshine”, mentioned in verse 3.47-48 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] River-water, water-mix, sleep in the day-time, exertion, and sunshine [viz., ātapa] one shall eschew”.

Note: Ātapa (“heat, sunshine”) has been turned ñi thsan (“hot sun”), for which NP have a corrupt ñin thsan; cf. 2.40.

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Ātapa (आतप) refers to a “heat” and is a symptom of a (venemous) bite caused by the Bhṛtaka rats, according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—[Cf. ātapecchā bahumūtraṃ yavāgūḥ pāṭalī ruhā]

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Ātapa (आतप) refers to “heat”, according to the Guhyasūtra chapter 3.—Accordingly, “[...] If one torments the body (deha) with rain, cold and heat (ātapa), …, devoted to recitation and meditation, this is called the Great Observance. A woman skilled in the pleasures of love-making, endowed with beauty and youth; such a woman one should procure, holding one’s senses back from the objects of the senses, and one should kiss and embrace [her], placing the penis upon her sex while remaining focussed upon recitation and meditation—one performs [thus] the Sword-Blade Observance. If one should succumb to the control of desire, then one certainly falls into hell. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Atapa (अतप) is part of the group of Gods inhabiting the fourth dhyāna of the Rūpadhātu (or Brahmaloka): the second of the three worlds, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The gods of the form realm (rūpadhātu), having fallen from the pure abodes (śuddhāvāsa), will again conceive sensual desire and will abide in the impure spheres.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Atapa (अतप) refers to the “absence of distress”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, as Gaganagañja said to Ratnapāṇi: “Son of good family, the thirty-two dharmas are included in sixty-four dharmas. What are those sixty-four? [...] (21) saying thus is included in doing good actions and no distress (atapa); (22) acting as you said is included in truth and saying correctly; (23) correct application is included in being in accordance with dependent origination and avoiding eternity or discontinuity; (24) correct exertion is included in application and the proper way; [...]’”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Ātapa (आतप) refers to the “hotness (of the Sun)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [after the Bhagavān taught the great heart-dhāraṇī], “[...] If it is otherwise and you neglect the Tathāgata’s authorization and his dignity of speech, then all Nāga residences are ignited and burnt. [...] Running around with burnt radiance, heated by the hotness of the Sun (sūrya-ātapa), let them be burnt with their bodies heated. They will be seized by various diseases, misfortune and trouble. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Atapa (अतप, “sunny”) refers to one of the “twenty form objects” (rūpa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 34). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., atapa). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Atapa (अतप, “untroubled”) refers one of the eighteen “gods of the form-realms” (rūpāvacaradeva) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 128).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds

Atapa (अतप) refers to “digestive” and represents one of the seven types of extraordinary powers of austerity (tapas), which itself is a subclass of the eight ṛddhis (extraordinary powers). These powers can be obtained by the Ārya (civilized people) in order to produce worldly miracles. The Āryas represent one of the two classes of human beings according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.46, the other being Mleccha (barbarians).

What is meant by extraordinary power to digest (atapa-riddhi)? It is the extraordinary power by which one converts all foods into energy and does not generate any excreta (like all objects thrown in fire are destroyed completely).

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)

Ātapa (आतप, “warm light”).—Rise of the warm light (ātapa) name karma of the beings is the cause of the jewels in the sun vehicle. The sun (sūrya) is the co-lord (pratīndra) of the Jyotiṣī class of devas (celestial beings) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.12. The classification of the jyotiṣīs are based on the rise of specific name karma (e.g., ātapa). What is warm light (ātapa) name karma? The karma whose attribute is to give light and warmth is called ātapa name karma.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living

Ātapa (आतप, “warm light”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.24.—“Sound (śabda), union (bandha), fineness (saukṣmya), grossness (sthaulya), shape (saṃsthāna), division (bheda), darkness (tamas or andhakāra), image (chāya or chāyā), warm light (sunshine) (ātapa) and cool light (moonlight) (udyota) also (are forms of matter)”.

What is the meaning of warm light (ātapa)? It is the combination of heat and light as produced by the sun.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Ātapa (आतप) refers to “emitting warm light” and represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by emitting warm light (ātapa) body-making karma? The karmas rise of which causes the body of a being to emit warm light like sun light is called body-making karma emitting hot light. The gross living beings with earth as their body in the solar planetary system can have rise of this karma.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ātapa : (m.) sunshine; heat of the sun. || ātāpa (m.), glow; heat; ardour.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ātāpa, (ā + tāpa fr. tap; cp. tāpeti) glow, heat; fig. ardour, keen endeavour, or perhaps better “torturing, mortifica‹-› tion” Miln. 313 (cittassa ātāpo paritāpo); PvA. 98 (viriya°). Cp. ātappa & ātāpana. (Page 97)

— or —

Ātapa, (ā + tapa) — 1. sun-heat Sn. 52; J. I, 336; Dhs. 617; Dpvs. I, 57; VvA. 54; PvA. 58.—2. glow, heat (in general) Pv. I, 74; Sdhp. 396.—3. (fig.) (cp. tapa2) ardour, zeal, exertion PvA. 98 (viriyā-tapa; perhaps better to be read °ātāpa q. v.). Cp. ātappa.

—vāraṇa “warding off the sun-heat”, i.e. a parasol, sun-shade Dāvs. I, 28; V, 35. (Page 97)

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aṭapa (अटप).—m Contracting or drawing into narrow compass; gathering into a compact form or state; closing or winding up. 2 Control, cohibition, governance, rule. 3 Management, address, ability, skill and despatch at business.

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ātapa (आतप).—m S Sunshine or sun-heat. Ex. jyā aṅganā kadhīṃ na ācaralyā tapātēṃ || sōsūni hī paravarṣa- himātapātēṃ ||

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

aṭapa (अटप).—m Contracting. Control. Management.

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ātapa (आतप).—m Sunshine or sun-heat.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Atapa (अतप).—a.

1) Not excited, cool.

2) unostentatious.

3) Unemployed.

-pāḥ (pl.) Name of a class of deities among Buddhists.

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Ātapa (आतप).—a.

1) Ved. Causing pain or affliction; भीमस्तुविष्माञ्चर्षणिभ्य आतपः (bhīmastuviṣmāñcarṣaṇibhya ātapaḥ) Ṛgveda 1.55.1.

-paḥ Heat (of the sun, fire &c.), sunshine; आतपायोज्झितं धान्यम् (ātapāyojjhitaṃ dhānyam) Mb. exposed to the sun; तमातपक्लान्तम् (tamātapaklāntam) R.2.13; शीतातपाभिघातान् (śītātapābhighātān) Manusmṛti 12.77; प्रचण्ड° (pracaṇḍa°) Rs.1.11; सूर्य° (sūrya°) 1; Meghadūta 11; बालातपः (bālātapaḥ) Manusmṛti 4.69 the morning sun; °आक्रान्त (ākrānta) exposed to heat.

2) Light; छायातपौ ब्रह्मविदो वदन्ति (chāyātapau brahmavido vadanti) Kaṭh.3.1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Atapa (अतप).—once atapas, the second of the śuddhāvāsa, and (usually pl.) the class-name of the gods who dwell there; in Pali atappa: Mahāvyutpatti 3103; Dharmasaṃgraha 128; Lalitavistara 150.10; Mahāvastu ii.314.9; 319.7; 349.1; 360.22; Divyāvadāna 68.16; 367.14; Avadāna-śataka i.5.3; (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 19.10; 43.21 (text anaya); 69.6 (here sg. of an individual member of the class); atapas (s-stem, in composition) Gaṇḍavyūha 249.10. Others, see s.v. deva.

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Ātapa (आतप).—m. or nt., in ṣaṣṭeḥ kārṣāpaṇānām arthāyātape dhāritaḥ Divyāvadāna 33.13, and ātape vidhāritaḥ 16, apparently was assessed a fine (in the amount of 60 kārṣāpaṇas). Per- haps corrupt; I find it hard to understand connexion with ātapa heat (kept on a hot spot ?). The Index omits the word.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atapa (अतप).—mfn.

(-paḥ-pā-paṃ) 1. Cool. 2. Unanxious. 3. Unemployed. 4. Unostentatious. E. a neg. tapa ardor.

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Ātapa (आतप).—m.

(-paḥ) Sun-shine. E. āṅ before tapa to heat, to shine, ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ātapa (आतप).—[ā-tap + a], m. 1. Sunshine, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 136. 2. Heat of the sun, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 31, 8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ātapa (आतप).—[adjective] causing pain; [masculine] heat, sunshine.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Atapa (अतप):—[=a-tapa] (√tap) m. [plural] a class of deities among the Buddhists.

2) Ātapa (आतप):—[=ā-tapa] [from ā-tap] mfn. causing pain or affliction, [Ṛg-veda i, 55, 1]

3) [v.s. ...] m. (ifc. f(ā). , [Rāmāyaṇa; Śakuntalā]) heat (especially of the sun), sunshine, [Kaṭha-upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] moonshine, [Daśakumāra-carita; Haravijaya]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atapa (अतप):—[bahuvrihi compound] I. m. f. n.

(-paḥ-pā-pam) 1) Cool.

2) Unanxious.

3) Unemployed.

4) Unostentatious. Ii. m. pl.

(-pāḥ) The name of a particular class of gods of the Buddhists. E. a priv. and tapa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Atapa (अतप):—[a-tapa] (paḥ-pā-paṃ) a. Cool.

2) Ātapa (आतप):—[āta-pa] (paḥ) 1. m. Sun-shine.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ātapa (आतप) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Āyava, Āyavā, Āyāva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Atapa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ātapa (आतप) [Also spelled aatap]:—(nm) sunlight, sun; ~[pta] scorched, heated.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aṭāpa (ಅಟಾಪ):—[noun] = ಅಟೋಪ [atopa].

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Ātapa (ಆತಪ):—

1) [noun] the heat of the sun; the sunlight.

2) [noun] brightness; lustre; light.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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