Atapa, aka: Ātāpa, Ātapa; 14 Definition(s)


Atapa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Ātapa (आतप).—A son of Uṣā and Vibhāvasu. A Vasu. Father of Pañcayāma.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 16.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Atapa (अतप) is part of the group of Gods inhabiting the fourth dhyāna of the Rūpadhātu (or Brahmaloka): the second of the three worlds, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The gods of the form realm (rūpadhātu), having fallen from the pure abodes (śuddhāvāsa), will again conceive sensual desire and will abide in the impure spheres.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Atapa (अतप, “sunny”) refers to one of the “twenty form objects” (rūpa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 34). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., atapa). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Atapa (अतप, “untroubled”) refers one of the eighteen “gods of the form-realms” (rūpāvacaradeva) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 128).

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Atapa (अतप) refers to “digestive” and represents one of the seven types of extraordinary powers of austerity (tapas), which itself is a subclass of the eight ṛddhis (extraordinary powers). These powers can be obtained by the Ārya (civilized people) in order to produce worldly miracles. The Āryas represent one of the two classes of human beings according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.46, the other being Mleccha (barbarians).

What is meant by extraordinary power to digest (atapa-riddhi)? It is the extraordinary power by which one converts all foods into energy and does not generate any excreta (like all objects thrown in fire are destroyed completely).

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds

Ātapa (आतप, “warm light”).—Rise of the warm light (ātapa) name karma of the beings is the cause of the jewels in the sun vehicle. The sun (sūrya) is the co-lord (pratīndra) of the Jyotiṣī class of devas (celestial beings) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.12. The classification of the jyotiṣīs are based on the rise of specific name karma (eg., ātapa). What is warm light (ātapa) name karma? The karma whose attribute is to give light and warmth is called ātapa name karma.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)

Ātapa (आतप, “warm light”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.24.—“Sound (śabda), union (bandha), fineness (saukṣmya), grossness (sthaulya), shape (saṃsthāna), division (bheda), darkness (tamas or andhakāra), image (chāya or chāyā), warm light (sunshine) (ātapa) and cool light (moonlight) (udyota) also (are forms of matter)”.

What is the meaning of warm light (ātapa)? It is the combination of heat and light as produced by the sun.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living

Ātapa (आतप) refers to “emitting warm light” and represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by emitting warm light (ātapa) body-making karma? The karmas rise of which causes the body of a being to emit warm light like sun light is called body-making karma emitting hot light. The gross living beings with earth as their body in the solar planetary system can have rise of this karma.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Atapa in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

ātapa : (m.) sunshine; heat of the sun. || ātāpa (m.), glow; heat; ardour.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Ātāpa, (ā + tāpa fr. tap; cp. tāpeti) glow, heat; fig. ardour, keen endeavour, or perhaps better “torturing, mortifica‹-› tion" Miln. 313 (cittassa ātāpo paritāpo); PvA. 98 (viriya°). Cp. ātappa & ātāpana. (Page 97)

— or —

Ātapa, (ā + tapa) — 1. sun-heat Sn. 52; J. I, 336; Dhs. 617; Dpvs. I, 57; VvA. 54; PvA. 58.—2. glow, heat (in general) Pv. I, 74; Sdhp. 396.—3. (fig.) (cp. tapa2) ardour, zeal, exertion PvA. 98 (viriyā-tapa; perhaps better to be read °ātāpa q. v.). Cp. ātappa.

—vāraṇa “warding off the sun-heat", i.e. a parasol, sun-shade Dāvs. I, 28; V, 35. (Page 97)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

aṭapa (अटप).—m Contracting or drawing into narrow compass; gathering into a compact form or state; closing or winding up. 2 Control, cohibition, governance, rule. 3 Management, address, ability, skill and despatch at business.

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ātapa (आतप).—m S Sunshine or sun-heat. Ex. jyā aṅganā kadhīṃ na ācaralyā tapātēṃ || sōsūni hī paravarṣa- himātapātēṃ ||

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aṭapa (अटप).—m Contracting. Control. Management.

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ātapa (आतप).—m Sunshine or sun-heat.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Atapa (अतप).—a.

1) Not excited, cool.

2) unostentatious.

3) Unemployed.

-pāḥ (pl.) Name of a class of deities among Buddhists.

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Ātapa (आतप).—a.

1) Ved. Causing pain or affliction; भीमस्तुविष्माञ्चर्षणिभ्य आतपः (bhīmastuviṣmāñcarṣaṇibhya ātapaḥ) Rv.1.55.1.

-paḥ Heat (of the sun, fire &c.), sunshine; आतपायोज्झितं धान्यम् (ātapāyojjhitaṃ dhānyam) Mb. exposed to the sun; तमातपक्लान्तम् (tamātapaklāntam) R.2.13; शीतातपाभिघातान् (śītātapābhighātān) Ms.12.77; प्रचण्ड° (pracaṇḍa°) Rs.1.11; सूर्य° (sūrya°) 1; Me.11; बालातपः (bālātapaḥ) Ms.4.69 the morning sun; °आक्रान्त (ākrānta) exposed to heat.

2) Light; छायातपौ ब्रह्मविदो वदन्ति (chāyātapau brahmavido vadanti) Kaṭh.3.1.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Atapa (अतप).—mfn.

(-paḥ-pā-paṃ) 1. Cool. 2. Unanxious. 3. Unemployed. 4. Unostentatious. E. a neg. tapa ardor.

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Ātapa (आतप).—m.

(-paḥ) Sun-shine. E. āṅ before tapa to heat, to shine, ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 66 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Bālātapa (बालातप).—morning sunshine. Derivable forms: bālātapaḥ (बालातपः).Bālātapa is a Sanskri...
Ātapavāraṇa (आतपवारण).—n. (-ṇaṃ) A Ch'hattah or Indian parasol. E. ātapa sun-shine, and vāraṇa ...
Ātapalaṅghana (आतपलङ्घन).—being exposed to heat, catching the sun-stroke; आतप- लङ्घनाद्बलवदस्वस...
Candrātapa (चन्द्रातप).—1) moon-light. 2) awning. 3) an open hall only furnished with a roof. D...
Ātapodaka (आतपोदक).—mirage. Derivable forms: ātapodakam (आतपोदकम्).Ātapodaka is a Sanskrit comp...
Nirātapa (निरातप).—a. sheltered from heat, shady, not penetrated by the sun's rays. -pā the nig...
Ātapaśuṣka (आतपशुष्क).—a. dried in the sunshine.Ātapaśuṣka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of...
Pañcātapa (पञ्चातप).—a. doing penance with five fires. (i. e. with four fires and the sun); cf....
Pracaṇḍātapa (प्रचण्डातप).—fierce heat. Derivable forms: pracaṇḍātapaḥ (प्रचण्डातपः).Pracaṇḍāta...
Ātapatraka (आतपत्रक).—[ātapāt trāyate, trai-ka] an umbrella (of silk or leaves used as a paraso...
Ātapābhāva (आतपाभाव).—non-existence of the sun's heat, shadow. Derivable forms: ātapābhāvaḥ (आत...
Ātapavarṣya (आतपवर्ष्य).—a. (water &c.) produced by rain during sunshine. Ātapavarṣya is a Sans...
Ātapatra (आतपत्र).—[ātapāt trāyate, trai-ka] an umbrella (of silk or leaves used as a parasol);...
Bala (बल) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentio...
Deva.—a god; cf. te-aḍimai (SITI), a dancing woman as the servant of a god; maid servant attach...

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