Atapa, aka: Ātāpa, Ātapa; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Atapa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

Ātapa (आतप).—A son of Uṣā and Vibhāvasu. A Vasu. Father of Pañcayāma.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 16.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism

Pali

ātapa : (m.) sunshine; heat of the sun. || ātāpa (m.), glow; heat; ardour.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Ātāpa, (ā + tāpa fr. tap; cp. tāpeti) glow, heat; fig. ardour, keen endeavour, or perhaps better “torturing, mortifica‹-› tion" Miln. 313 (cittassa ātāpo paritāpo); PvA. 98 (viriya°). Cp. ātappa & ātāpana. (Page 97)

— or —

Ātapa, (ā + tapa) — 1. sun-heat Sn. 52; J. I, 336; Dhs. 617; Dpvs. I, 57; VvA. 54; PvA. 58.—2. glow, heat (in general) Pv. I, 74; Sdhp. 396.—3. (fig.) (cp. tapa2) ardour, zeal, exertion PvA. 98 (viriyā-tapa; perhaps better to be read °ātāpa q. v.). Cp. ātappa.

—vāraṇa “warding off the sun-heat", i.e. a parasol, sun-shade Dāvs. I, 28; V, 35. (Page 97)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

General definition (in Buddhism)

Atapa (अतप, “sunny”) refers to one of the “twenty form objects” (rūpa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 34). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., atapa). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Atapa (अतप) refers to “digestive” and represents one of the seven types of extraordinary powers of austerity (tapas), which itself is a subclass of the eight ṛddhis (extraordinary powers). These powers can be obtained by the Ārya (civilized people) in order to produce worldly miracles. The Āryas represent one of the two classes of human beings according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.46, the other being Mleccha (barbarians).

What is meant by extraordinary power to digest (atapa-riddhi)? It is the extraordinary power by which one converts all foods into energy and does not generate any excreta (like all objects thrown in fire are destroyed completely).

 

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds

Ātapa (आतप, “warm light”).—Rise of the warm light (ātapa) name karma of the beings is the cause of the jewels in the sun vehicle. The sun (sūrya) is the co-lord (pratīndra) of the Jyotiṣī class of devas (celestial beings) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.12. The classification of the the jyotiṣīs are based on the rise of specific name karma (eg., ātapa). What is warm light (ātapa) name karma? The karma whose attribute is to give light and warmth is called ātapa name karma.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

aṭapa (अटप).—m Contracting or drawing into narrow compass; gathering into a compact form or state; closing or winding up. 2 Control, cohibition, governance, rule. 3 Management, address, ability, skill and despatch at business.

--- OR ---

ātapa (आतप).—m S Sunshine or sun-heat. Ex. jyā aṅganā kadhīṃ na ācaralyā tapātēṃ || sōsūni hī paravarṣa- himātapātēṃ ||

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aṭapa (अटप).—m Contracting. Control. Management.

--- OR ---

ātapa (आतप).—m Sunshine or sun-heat.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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