Tanvi, Tanvī: 5 definitions

Introduction

Tanvi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Eastern Book Linkers: Harivaṃśa Purāṇa

Tanvī (तन्वी) refrers to one of the ten sons of Tāmasa Manu (of the fourth manvantara), according to the Harivaṃśa-purāṇa 1.7.20-29:—“In the Tāmasa-manvantara there were the gods called Satya. Tāmasa Manu had ten very strong sons, known as Dyuti, Tapasya, Sutapa, Tapomūla, Tapodhana, Taparati, Kalmāṣa, Tanvī, Dhanvī and Paraṃtapa. All of them were owned by vāyu”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

1) Tanvī (तन्वी) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (eg., Tanvī) in 20 verses.

2) Tanvī (तन्वी) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (eg., tanvī) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

3) Tanvī (तन्वी) refers to one of the seventy-two sama-varṇavṛtta (regular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 334th chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (eg., the tanvī metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Tanvī (तन्वी) is another name for Śāliparṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Desmodium gangeticum (sal leaved desmodium), from the Fabaceae or “legume” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.17-20 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Tanvī and Śāliparṇī, there are a total of twenty-nine Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tanvī (तन्वी).—A delicate or slender woman; इयमधिकमनोज्ञा वल्कलेनापि तन्वी (iyamadhikamanojñā valkalenāpi tanvī) Ś.1.2; तव तन्वि कुचावेतौ नियतं चक्रवर्तिनौ (tava tanvi kucāvetau niyataṃ cakravartinau) Udb.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tanvī (तन्वी):—[from tanu > tan] f. a slender or delicate woman, [Śakuntalā; Mālavikāgnimitra v; Bhartṛhari] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] Desmodium gangeticum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Balanites Roxburghii (vv.ll. tannī, nni, ‘Hemionitis cordifolia’; tajvi), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a metre of 4 + 24 syllables

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a wife of Kṛṣṇa (?), [Harivaṃśa 6703]

6) Tanvi (तन्वि):—[varia lectio] for

7) nvin

8) See [column]2.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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