Tapasa, Tāpasa, Tapasha: 19 definitions
Tapasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
1) Tāpasa (तापस) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Tāpasa) various roles suitable to them.
2) Tāpasa (तापस) refers to “ascetics” (practitioners of religious austerities), whose beard (śmaśru) should be represented as bushy (romaśa), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Providing the beard is a component of nepathya (costumes and make-up) and is to be done in accordance with the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Tāpasa (तापस) refers to “sages” (or ascetics), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.40.—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] after going beyond Alakā, the capital of the king of Yakṣas and the Saugandhika park, they saw the fig-tree of Śiva. [...] Beneath that vaṭa of yogic potentialities, Viṣṇu and other Devas saw Śiva seated. [...] Lord Śiva had the divine form liked by the sages (tāpasa-abhīṣṭa). His fond love befriended everyone. He shone with the ashes smeared over his body”.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Tāpasa (तापस).—A southern tribe.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 114. 49; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 129.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira
Tāpasa (तापस) refers to “abstemious habits”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 15) (“On the nakṣatras—‘asterisms’”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Those who are born on the lunar day of Svātī will delight in keeping birds, deer, horses; will be grain merchants; dealers in beans; of weak friendship; weak, of abstemious habits (tāpasa) and skilled tradesmen. Those who are born on the lunar day of Viśākhā will grow trees yielding red flowers and red fruits; be dealers in gingelly seeds, beans, cotton, black gram and chick peas and worshippers of Indra and Agni. [...]”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
tāpasa : (m.) a hermit.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Tāpasa, (from tapa & tapas) one who practises tapas, an ascetic (brahmin). Eight kinds are enumerated at DA. I, 270 & SnA 295.—J. II, 101, 102; V, 201; PvA. 153; °pabbajjā the life of an a. J. III, 119; DhA. IV, 29; DA. I, 270.—f. tāpasī a female ascetic Mhvs VII. 11, 12. (Page 299)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
ṭāpasā (टापसा).—m Bloatedness or puffedness: also tumefaction or swelling.
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tapāsa (तपास).—m ( A) Inquiry or examination into; investigation of: also asking about; seeking or inquiring for.
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tāpasa (तापस).—a S tāpasī a (Poetry.) That practises devout austerities, an ascetic.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
ṭāpasā (टापसा).—m Bloatedness or puffedness.
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tapāsa (तपास).—m Inquiry; investigation of; seek- ing for.
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tāpasa (तापस) [-sī, -सी].—a An ascetic.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) The sun.
2) The moon.
3) A bird.
Derivable forms: tapasaḥ (तपसः).
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Tāpasa (तापस).—a. (-sī f.)
1) Relating to religious penance or to an ascetic; तापसेष्वेव विप्रेषु यात्रिकं भैक्षमाहरेत् (tāpaseṣveva vipreṣu yātrikaṃ bhaikṣamāharet) Ms.6.27.
-saḥ (-sī f.) A hermit, devotee, an ascetic.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-saḥ) 1. The moon. 2. A bird. E. tap to heat, asac Unadi aff.
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(-saḥ-sī-saṃ) Performing penance, a practiser of devout austerities, a devotee, an ascetic. m.
(-saḥ) A kind of crane, (Ardea nivea.) n.
(-saṃ) The leaf of the Laurus cassia. E. tapas penance, affix aṇ . tapaścaraṇaṃ śīlamasya chatrādi0 ṇa or tapo’styasya aṇ .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Tāpasa (तापस).—i. e. tapas + a, I. adj., f. sī. 1. Performing penance, a practiser of religious austerities, an ascetic, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 27; Mahābhārata 1, 3006. 2. Referring to religious penance, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 52, 5 Gorr. Ii. m. A sort of sugar-cane, [Suśruta] 1, 186, 15.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Tāpasa (तापस).—[adjective] performing penance or belonging to it. [masculine] a devotee, ascetic, hermit ([feminine] ī).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Tapasa (तपस):—[from tap] m. = po-rāja, [Uṇādi-sūtra iii [Scholiast or Commentator]]
2) [v.s. ...] a bird, [ib.]
3) Tāpasa (तापस):—[from tāpa] mfn. ([gana] chattrādi, [Pāṇini 5-2, 103]) a practiser of religious austerities (tapas), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv; Manu-smṛti vi, 27 etc.]
4) [v.s. ...] relating to religious austerity or to an ascetic, [Rāmāyaṇa G. ii, 52, 5]
5) [v.s. ...] m. an ascetic, [Manu-smṛti; Nalopākhyāna] etc.
6) [v.s. ...] the moon, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]
7) [v.s. ...] Ardea nivea, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) [v.s. ...] = sekṣu, [Suśruta i, 45, 9, 2 and 6]
9) [v.s. ...] = -pattra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
10) [v.s. ...] [patronymic] of Agni, Gharma, and Manyu, [Ṛgveda-anukramaṇikā]
11) [v.s. ...] of a Hotṛ, [Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa xxv, 15]
12) [v.s. ...] n. = -ja, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Tapasa (तपस):—(saḥ) 1. m. The moon; a bird.
2) Tāpasa (तापस):—[(saḥ-sī-saṃ) a.] Performing penance. m. A crane (Ardea nivea). n. Leaf of the Laurus cassia.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Tāpasa (तापस) [Also spelled tapas]:—(nm) see [tapasvī].
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Tapasa (ತಪಸ):—[noun] = ತಪಸ್ವಿ - [tapasvi -] 5.
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Tāpasa (ತಾಪಸ):—[adjective] of or relating to ascetics or asceticism; ascetical.
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1) [noun] a man who leads a life of contemplation and extreme self-denial for realising the ultimate truth and principles of being.
2) [noun] the plant Terminalia catapa of Combretaceae family; country almond.
3) [noun] the tree Holoptelia integrifolia (= Ulmus integrifolia) of Ulmaceae family; jungle cork tree.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+10): Tapasacarana, Tapasadhyushita, Tapasadruma, Tapasadrumasamnibha, Tapasagedi, Tapasagedu, Tapasaja, Tapasaka, Tapasane, Tapasanegara, Tapasanem, Tapasani, Tapasanigara, Tapasanisa, Tapasanishi, Tapasapattra, Tapasapattri, Tapasapriya, Tapasaranya, Tapasashrama.
Ends with: Ashtapasha, Atapasa, Chadmatapasa, Chhadmatapasa, Cullatapasa, Dhammatapasa, Ganitapasha, Jatapasha, Jitapasha, Kapatapasha, Kapatatapasa, Kutapasa, Kutatapasa, Latapasha, Pratapasa, Pustapasa, Samjatapasha, Siddhatapasa, Upasatapasa, Vipratapasa.
Full-text (+55): Tavasa, Tapasapriya, Tapasataru, Chadmatapasa, Tapaseshta, Kapatatapasa, Pratapasa, Tapasadruma, Kutapasa, Tapasapattri, Tapasadrumasamnibha, Tapasapattra, Tapasavriksha, Tapasaja, Tapas, Tapasomurti, Tapasiga, Tapasavatsaraja, Tapasayani, Atapasa.
Search found 23 books and stories containing Tapasa, Tāpasa, Ṭāpasā, Tapāsa, Tapasha, Tapaśa, Tāpasā; (plurals include: Tapasas, Tāpasas, Ṭāpasās, Tapāsas, Tapashas, Tapaśas, Tāpasās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Bhagavati-sutra (Viyaha-pannatti) (by K. C. Lalwani)
Part 12 - On celestial positions < [Chapter 2]
Chapter 9: Rājarṣi Śiva < [Book 11]
Part 2 - Ascetic Pudgala < [Chapter 12]
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rig Veda 10.129.3 < [Sukta 129]
Rig Veda 10.114.3 < [Sukta 114]
Rig Veda 10.114.2 < [Sukta 114]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 12.48 < [Section VIII - States of Existence due to the Three Qualities]
Verse 3.134 < [Section VIII - Śrāddhas]
The Markandeya Purana (by Frederick Eden Pargiter)
Tattvartha Sutra (with commentary) (by Vijay K. Jain)
Verse 9.3 - Religious austerity is the cause of both stoppage and dissociation < [Chapter 9 - Stoppage and Shedding of Karmas]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)