Tapasa, Tāpasa, Tapasha: 16 definitions



Tapasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Tāpasa (तापस) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Tāpasa) various roles suitable to them.

2) Tāpasa (तापस) refers to “ascetics” (practitioners of religious austerities), whose beard (śmaśru) should be represented as bushy (romaśa), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Providing the beard is a component of nepathya (costumes and make-up) and is to be done in accordance with the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Tāpasa (तापस) refers to “sages” (or ascetics), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.40.—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] after going beyond Alakā, the capital of the king of Yakṣas and the Saugandhika park, they saw the fig-tree of Śiva. [...] Beneath that vaṭa of yogic potentialities, Viṣṇu and other Devas saw Śiva seated. [...] Lord Śiva had the divine form liked by the sages (tāpasa-abhīṣṭa). His fond love befriended everyone. He shone with the ashes smeared over his body”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Tāpasa (तापस).—A southern tribe.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 114. 49; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 129.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

tāpasa : (m.) a hermit.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Tāpasa, (from tapa & tapas) one who practises tapas, an ascetic (brahmin). Eight kinds are enumerated at DA. I, 270 & SnA 295.—J. II, 101, 102; V, 201; PvA. 153; °pabbajjā the life of an a. J. III, 119; DhA. IV, 29; DA. I, 270.—f. tāpasī a female ascetic Mhvs VII. 11, 12. (Page 299)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ṭāpasā (टापसा).—m Bloatedness or puffedness: also tumefaction or swelling.

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tapāsa (तपास).—m ( A) Inquiry or examination into; investigation of: also asking about; seeking or inquiring for.

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tāpasa (तापस).—a S tāpasī a (Poetry.) That practises devout austerities, an ascetic.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ṭāpasā (टापसा).—m Bloatedness or puffedness.

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tapāsa (तपास).—m Inquiry; investigation of; seek- ing for.

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tāpasa (तापस) [-sī, -सी].—a An ascetic.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tapasa (तपस).—

1) The sun.

2) The moon.

3) A bird.

Derivable forms: tapasaḥ (तपसः).

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Tāpasa (तापस).—a. (- f.)

1) Relating to religious penance or to an ascetic; तापसेष्वेव विप्रेषु यात्रिकं भैक्षमाहरेत् (tāpaseṣveva vipreṣu yātrikaṃ bhaikṣamāharet) Ms.6.27.

2) Devout.

-saḥ (- f.) A hermit, devotee, an ascetic.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tapasa (तपस).—m.

(-saḥ) 1. The moon. 2. A bird. E. tap to heat, asac Unadi aff.

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Tāpasa (तापस).—mfn.

(-saḥ-sī-saṃ) Performing penance, a practiser of devout austerities, a devotee, an ascetic. m.

(-saḥ) A kind of crane, (Ardea nivea.) n.

(-saṃ) The leaf of the Laurus cassia. E. tapas penance, affix aṇ . tapaścaraṇaṃ śīlamasya chatrādi0 ṇa or tapo’styasya aṇ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tāpasa (तापस).—i. e. tapas + a, I. adj., f. . 1. Performing penance, a practiser of religious austerities, an ascetic, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 27; Mahābhārata 1, 3006. 2. Referring to religious penance, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 52, 5 Gorr. Ii. m. A sort of sugar-cane, [Suśruta] 1, 186, 15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tāpasa (तापस).—[adjective] performing penance or belonging to it. [masculine] a devotee, ascetic, hermit ([feminine] ī).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tapasa (तपस):—[from tap] m. = po-rāja, [Uṇādi-sūtra iii [Scholiast or Commentator]]

2) [v.s. ...] a bird, [ib.]

3) Tāpasa (तापस):—[from tāpa] mfn. ([gana] chattrādi, [Pāṇini 5-2, 103]) a practiser of religious austerities (tapas), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv; Manu-smṛti vi, 27 etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] relating to religious austerity or to an ascetic, [Rāmāyaṇa G. ii, 52, 5]

5) [v.s. ...] m. an ascetic, [Manu-smṛti; Nalopākhyāna] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] the moon, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

7) [v.s. ...] Ardea nivea, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] = sekṣu, [Suśruta i, 45, 9, 2 and 6]

9) [v.s. ...] = -pattra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] [patronymic] of Agni, Gharma, and Manyu, [Ṛgveda-anukramaṇikā]

11) [v.s. ...] of a Hotṛ, [Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa xxv, 15]

12) [v.s. ...] n. = -ja, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tapasa (तपस):—(saḥ) 1. m. The moon; a bird.

2) Tāpasa (तापस):—[(saḥ-sī-saṃ) a.] Performing penance. m. A crane (Ardea nivea). n. Leaf of the Laurus cassia.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Tapaśa (तपश):—m. der Mond [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 11.] — Vgl. tapasa .

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Tapasa (तपस):—[Die Uṇādi-Affixe 3, 116.] m.

1) der Mond [Die Uṇādi-Affixe,] [Scholiast] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 1, 1, 86.] Vgl. tapaśa . —

2) Vogel [Die Uṇādi-Affixe,] [Scholiast]

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Tāpasa (तापस):—(von tapas)

1) adj. (f. ī) und subst. der Askese übt, Asket, Büsser, Anachoret [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 2, 103.] gaṇa chattrādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 4, 62.] [Amarakoṣa 2, 7, 41.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 809.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 14, 7, 1, 22.] tāpaseṣveva vipreṣu [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 6, 27.] tāpasā yatayo viprāḥ [12, 48. 6, 51.] [Nalopākhyāna 12, 45. 71.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 9, 45.] [Daśaratha’s Tod 1, 33.] [Suśruta 1, 136, 3.] kula [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 19, 2.] tāpasāśrama [57, 2.] tāpasāraṇya [Nalopākhyāna 12, 44.] tāpasakanyakā [Śākuntala 30, 14.] tāpasī [Mahābhārata 1, 3006.] [Śākuntala 49, 9. 101, 21, v. l.] [Vikramorvaśī 79,] [?12.Dhūrtasamāgama 81, 1.] —

2) adj. zur Askese (tapas) oder zu den Asketen (tāpasa) in Beziehung stehend: tāpasaṃ vratamāśritya [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 52, 5.] —

3) m. a) Nomen proprium oder Beiname (dattastāpasaḥ) eines Hotar [Pañcaviṃśabrāhmaṇa 25, 15.] — b) ein best. Vogel, Ardea nivea (vaka) [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — c) eine Art Zuckerrohr [Suśruta 1, 186, 15. 187, 2.] — d) eine best. Pflanze (s. damanaka) [Rājanirghaṇṭa] —

4) f. ī Name zweier Pflanzen: a) Curcuma Zedoaria Rosc. — b) = jaṭāmāṃsī (deren haariger Stängel mit der jaṭā der Büsser verglichen wird) [NIGH. PR.] —

5) n. = tamālapattra [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma]; vgl. tāpasaja .

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Tāpasa (तापस):—

3) a) als patr. Agni's, Gharma's und Manyu's [Ṛgveda] [Anukramaṇikā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Tapasa (तपस):—m.

1) der Mond.

2) Vogel.

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Tāpasa (तापस):——

1) Adj. — a) Askese übend. — b) zur Askese oder zu den Asketen in Beziehung stehend.

2) m. — a) Asket , Büsser , Anachoret. — b) *der Mond [Galano's Wörterbuch] — c) *Ardea nivea [Rājan 19,97.] — d) eine Art Zuckerrohr. — e) *Artemisia indica. — f) Patron. verschiedener Personen. —

3) f. ī — a) Büsserin , Anachoretin. — b) *Curcuma Zedoaria. — c) *Nardostachys Jatamansi.

4) *n. das Blatt der Laurus Cassia [Rājan 6,175.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Tāpasa (तापस) [Also spelled tapas]:—(nm) see [tapasvī].

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