Tap, Ṭāp: 6 definitions

Introduction

Tap means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Ṭāp (टाप्).—Feminine affix आ (ā) added to masculine nouns ending in अ (a) by the rule अजाद्यतष्टाप् (ajādyataṣṭāp) IV. 1.4 excepting those nouns where any other affix prescribed by subsequent rules becomes applicable.

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Tap (तप्).—(I) tad. affix त (ta) added to the words पर्वन् (parvan) and मरुत् (marut) to form the words पर्वतः (parvataḥ) and मरुत्तः (maruttaḥ); cf. P. V. 2.122 Vart. 10; (2) personal ending in Vedic Literature substitutcd for त (ta) of the impera. sec. pers. pl. e. g. श्रुणोत ग्रावाणः (śruṇota grāvāṇaḥ) cf. Kas. on P. VII. 1.45.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

Discover the meaning of tap in the context of Vyakarana from relevant books on Exotic India

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tap (तप्).—I. 1 P. rarely Ā., 4. P. (tapati, tapyati; tapta)

1) (Intransitively used) (a) To shine, blaze (as fire or sun); तमस्तपति घर्मांशौ कथमाविर्भविष्यति (tamastapati gharmāṃśau kathamāvirbhaviṣyati) Ś.5.14; R.5.13; U.6.14; Bg.9.19. (b) To be hot or warm, give out heat. (c) To suffer pain; तपति न सा किसलयशयनेन (tapati na sā kisalayaśayanena) Gīt.7. (d) To mortify the body, undergo penance (with tapas); अगणिततनूतापं तप्त्वा तपांसि भगीरथः (agaṇitatanūtāpaṃ taptvā tapāṃsi bhagīrathaḥ) U.1.23.

3) (Transitively used) (a) To make hot, heat, warm; Bk.9.2; पश्यामि त्वां दीप्तहुताशवक्त्रं स्वतेजसा विश्वमिदं तपन्तम् (paśyāmi tvāṃ dīptahutāśavaktraṃ svatejasā viśvamidaṃ tapantam) Bg.11.19. (b) To inflame, burn, consume by heat; तपति तनुगात्रि मदनस्त्वामनिशं मां पुनर्दहत्येव (tapati tanugātri madanastvāmaniśaṃ māṃ punardahatyeva) Ś.3.16.; अङ्गैरनङ्गतप्तैः (aṅgairanaṅgataptaiḥ) 3.6. (c) To hurt, injure, damage, spoil; यास्यन् सुतस्तप्यति मां समन्युम् (yāsyan sutastapyati māṃ samanyum) Bk.1.23; Ms.7.6. (d) To pain, distress. (e) mortify the body, undergo penance (with tapas). -Pass. (tapyate) (regarded by some as a root of the 4th conjugation)

1) To be heated, suffer pain.

2) To undergo severe penance (oft. with tapas); शम्बूको नाम वृषलः पृथिव्यां तप्यते तपः (śambūko nāma vṛṣalaḥ pṛthivyāṃ tapyate tapaḥ) U.2.8. -II. 1 U. or Caus. (tāpayati-te, tāpita)

1) To heat, make warm; गगनं तापितपायितासिलक्ष्मीम् (gaganaṃ tāpitapāyitāsilakṣmīm) Śi.2.75; न हि तापयितुं शक्यं सागराम्भस्तृणोल्कया (na hi tāpayituṃ śakyaṃ sāgarāmbhastṛṇolkayā) H.1.83.

2) To torment, pain, distress; भृशं तापितः कन्दर्पेण (bhṛśaṃ tāpitaḥ kandarpeṇa) Gīt.11; Bk.8.13. -With निस् (nis)

1) to heat.

2) to purity.

3) to burnish.

-vi 1 to shine (Ātm. like uttap q. v.); रविर्वि- तपतेऽत्यर्थम् (ravirvi- tapate'tyartham) Bk.8.14.

2) to warm, heat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tap (तप्).—[(au) tapau] r. 1st cl. (tapati-te) r. 4th cl. (tapyati-te) and r. 10th cl. (tāpayati-te) 1. To heat or be hot, to burn; (hence figuratively,) to suffer mental or bodily pain. 2. To have pre-eminent or superhuman power: the deponent form only is used when the root with the prefix ut or vi occurs intransitively, or governs as its object part of the body of the agent, as pāṇiṃ vitapate warms the hand, (uttapate vitapate) shines, burns, &c. The root takes the passive form also, when implying religious meditation, as tapyate tapastāpasaḥ the devotee revolves religious thoughts. With anu prefixed, (anutapate) To repent, to regret. With pari or sam (paritapati santapati,) 1. To bear or inflict pain, anguish, heat, distress, &c. 2. To be sorrowful, to repent.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tap (तप्).—i. 1. [Parasmaipada.] (also [Ātmanepada.] Mahābhārata 1, 8414), i. 4, [Ātmanepada.] or pass. (also [Parasmaipada.] Mahābhārata 1, 3165). I. i. 1, 1. To warm, to heat, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 14, 17. 2. To be warm, Mahābhārata 2, 1333. 3. To shine, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 111; to illuminate, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 11, 19. 4. To burn up, to consume, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 7, 3, 4. 5. To give pain, Mahābhārata 1, 3323. Ii. i. 1, and i. 4, or pass., 1. To suffer pain, Mahābhārata 8, 1794; Mahābhārata 1, 6217; 1, 3165, 2. To mortify one’s flesh, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 58, 1, and 4 Gorr.; usually with tapas, To do penance, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 167; 166. Iii. i. 4, To become warm, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 12, 19 (with the termination of the [Parasmaipada.]). Ptcple. of the pf. pass. tapta, 1. Hot, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 272. 2. Molten, [Varāhamihira's Bṛhajjātaka.] S. 6, 13. 3. also tapita, Refined, Mahābhārata 3, 1722; [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 13035. Ptcple. of the fut. pass. tapanīya, n. Gold, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 70, 41. tapya, Doing religious penance, Mahābhārata 12, 10381 (cf. 13, 750). [Causal.] and i. 10, [Parasmaipada.] and [Ātmanepada.], tāpaya, [Parasmaipada.] 1. To warm, to heat, Mahābhārata 12, 5536; to burn, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 11, 44. 2. To torment, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 32, 36; by mortification, Chr. 46, 23. 3. To mortify one’s flesh, Mahābhārata 3, 8199. Anomal. ptcple. of the pres. [Ātmanepada.] tāpayāna, Mahābhārata 15, 855. Frequentat tātapya, To suffer violent pain, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 11, 8.

— With the prep. ati ati, i. 1, To heat excessively, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 12, 8. atitapta, Very afflicted, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 66, 26. [Causal.] To heat excessively, Mahābhārata 14, 506.

— With anu anu, i. 4. or pass. To suffer pain, Mahābhārata 3, 13720. i. 1, and 4, 1. To repent, Mahābhārata 5, 1822; [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 42, 11. 2. To grieve, to long for (with the acc.), Mahābhārata 11, 182; 7, 2195. anutapta, Hot, [Suśruta] 2, 181, 14. [Causal.] To cause to grieve, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 8, 88.

— With samanu sam-anu, i. 4, or pass. To repent, Mahābhārata 13, 5335.

— With abhi abhi, i. 4, or pass., To suffer pain, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 62, 5; [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 21, 72; Mahābhārata 7, 6555 (with the termination of the [Parasmaipada.]). abhitapta, 1. Heated, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 6, 11. 2. Illuminated, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 4, 14. 3. Tormented, Mahābhārata 6, 5771. [Causal.] To torment, Mahābhārata 7, 1417.

— With ava ava, [Causal.] To illuminate, Mahābhārata 5, 7162.

— With ā ā, i. 4, or pass. 1. To suffer pain, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 31, 13. 2. To mortify one’s flesh, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 2, 9, 8. ātapta, Refined, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 15769.

— With ud, i. 1, To torment, Śic. 9, 67; to afflict, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 3, 183; uttapta, Nealed, purged by fire, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 4, 368; uttapta tāmra, Pure copper. [Causal.] To warm, Mahābhārata 12, 11884.

— With upa upa, i. 4, or pass. To become hot, Mahābhārata 3, 71; to suffer pain, [Suśruta] 1, 21, 16. upatapta, Hot, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 59, 9. [Causal.] To torment, to mortify, Mahābhārata 3, 10708.

— With samupa sam-upa, i. 4, or pass. To suffer pain, Mahābhārata 2, 856.

— With nis nis, of which the s becomes , i. 1, To purify, Mahābhārata 7, 9458. niṣṭapta, 1. Singed, Mahābhārata 1, 8215. 2. Warmed, Mahābhārata 13, 1796. 3. Roasted, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 97, 2. 4. Refined, Mahābhārata 6, 228.

— With vinis vi-nis, viniṣṭapta, Well roasted, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 76, 10.

— With pari pari, i. 1, 1. To set on fire, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 35, 15. 2. i. 1, and i. 4, or pass. To suffer pain, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 66, 7; Mahābhārata 3, 9916; 14, 1070 (with the termination of the [Parasmaipada.]). 3. i. 4, or pass. To mortify one’s flesh, Mahābhārata 1, 4784. [Causal.] To torment, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 86, 9.

— With vipari vi-pari, i. 4, or pass. To suffer much pain, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 19, 3, Gorr.

— With paścāt paścāt, i. 4, or pass. To repent, Mahābhārata 8, 1795.

— With pra pra, i. 1, To heat, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 11, 30; to burn, Mahābhārata 3, 881; to roast, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 91, 65. 2. To shine, Mahābhārata 13, 2125. 3. To illuminate, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 1, 30. 4. To suffer pain, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 12, 1. 5. To mortify one’s flesh, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 67, 8. 6. To torment, Mahābhārata 6, 5567. i. 4, or pass. To suffer pain, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 18, 21. [Causal.] 1. To warm, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 53; to heat, Mārk. P. 14, 60. 2. To illuminate, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 60, 16. 3. To set on fire. 4. To torment, Mahābhārata 4, 550; 6, 3103. Anomalous pratāpitā (fut. i) instead of pratāpayitā, Mahābhārata 8, 1971.

— With abhipra abhi-pra, abhipratapta, 1. Dried, [Suśruta] 1, 158, 12. 2. Tormented, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 21, 54.

— With saṃpra sam-pra, saṃpratapta, Suffering, [Suśruta] 1, 70, 17.

— With pravi pra-vi, pravitapta, Tormented, Kām. Nītis. 15, 9.

— With sam sam, i. 1, To repent, Mahābhārata 7, 4731. i. 4, or pass. 1. To suffer pain, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 84. 2. To mortify one’s flesh, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 63, 26. saṃtapta, 1. Heated, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 44, 26. 2. Molten, [Varāhamihira's Bṛhajjātaka.] S. 32, 10. 3. Dried, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 85, 17. 4. Tormented, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 1, 27. 5. saṃtapta-vakṣas, Shortbreathed. [Suśruta] 2, 447, 7. [Causal.] 1. To warm, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 81. 2. To burn, Mahābhārata 1, 1270. 3. To set on fire, Mahābhārata 13, 3998. 4. To torment by heat, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 86; to torment, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 244.

— With atisam ati-sam, atisaṃtapta, Much afflicted, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 68, 15.

— With abhisam abhi-sam, abhisaṃtapta, Tormented, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 57, 13.

— With parisam pari-sam, To suffer pain, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 21, 11.

— Cf. [Latin] tepeo; probably A. S. tháfian (to suffer, to allow), concerning the signification cf. Sekr. kṣam.

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Tap (तप्).—i. 4, [Ātmanepada.] To govern.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tap (तप्).—tapati (tapate), [participle] tapta (q.v.) be warm or hot, burn ([instrumental]), shine; castigate one’s self, do penance, suffer; heat, burn (tr.), distress, pain, torment. [Passive] tapyate (also tapyate, ti) has only the [intransitive] mgs. [Causative] tāpayati, te make hot, consume by heat, listress, pain, castigate (one’s self).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tap (तप्):—1. tap (cf. √1. pat) [class] 4. [Ātmanepada] pyate, to rule, [Dhātupāṭha xxvi, 50.]

2) 2. tap [class] 1. tapati (rarely [Ātmanepada]; [subjunctive] pāti, [Ṛg-veda v, 79, 9]; p. tapat, [Ṛg-veda] etc.; [class] 4. p. tapyat, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xxxix, 12]; [perfect tense] 1. sg. tatapa, [Ṛg-veda vii, 104, 15]; 3. sg. tāpa, [x, 34, 11; Atharva-veda vii, 18, 2 etc.]; p. tepāna, [Ṛg-veda]; [future] tapsyati, [Brāhmaṇa] etc.: te & tapiṣyati, [Mahābhārata])

2) —to give out heat, be hot, shine (as the sun), [Ṛg-veda] etc.;

2) —to make hot or warm, heat, shine upon, [ib.];

2) —to consume or destroy by heat, [ib.];

2) —to suffer pain, [Mahābhārata viii, 1794; Gīta-govinda vii, 31];

2) — (with paścāt) to repent of [Mahābhārata viii, 39, 15];

2) —to torment one’s self, undergo self-mortification, practise austerity (tapas), [Taittirīya-upaniṣad ii, 6; Manu-smṛti i f.; Mahābhārata] etc.;

2) —to cause pain to, injure, damage, spoil, [Ṛg-veda; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa vii, 17; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv etc.:] [Passive voice] or [class] 4. [Ātmanepada] tapyate ([xiv]; or tapy, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa ii]; p. pyamāna, [Atharva-veda]; tapy, [xix, 56, 5]; cf. a-; [Aorist] atāpi, [Ṛg-veda vii, 70, 2]; atapta, [Pāṇini 3-1, 65; Kāśikā-vṛtti]; [perfect tense] tepe, [Mahābhārata] etc.; p. pāna, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]; also [Parasmaipada] tapyati, pyet, atapyat, etc., [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara x, 4])

2) —to be heated or burnt, become hot, [Ṛg-veda] etc.;

2) —to be purified by austerities (as the soul), [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha];

2) —to suffer or feel pain, [Ṛg-veda x, 34, 10 and 95, 17; Atharva-veda xix, 56, 5; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv; Mahābhārata] etc.;

2) —to suffer pain voluntarily, undergo austerity (tapas), [Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa; ṢaḍvBr.; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra] etc.:—[Causal] tāpayati, te (p. payat, [Atharva-veda]; [Passive voice] pyate, [Mahābhārata] etc.; [Aorist] atītape & [Subj.] tatapate, [Ṛg-veda])

2) —to make warm or hot, [iv, 2, 6; viii, 72, 4; Kauśika-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.;

2) —to consume by heat, [Rāmāyaṇa] etc.;

2) —to cause pain, trouble, distress, [Atharva-veda xix, 28, 2; Mahābhārata] etc.;

2) —to torment one’s self, undergo penance, [iii, 8199] :—[Intensive] (p. tātapyamāna) to feel violent pain, be in great anxiety, [Rāmāyaṇa i, 11, 8; Bhāgavata-purāṇa ii, 7, 24;]

3) cf. [Latin] tepeo etc.

4) 3. tap mfn. ‘warming one’s self.’ See agni-tap.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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