Tanumadhya, Tanu-madhya, Tanumadhyā: 7 definitions
Tanumadhya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
1) Tanumadhyā (तनुमध्या) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the first two and the last two syllables of a foot (pāda) are heavy (guru), while the rest of the syllables are light (laghu):
Tanumadhyā falls in the Gāyatrī class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing six syllables each.
2) Tanumadhyā (तनुमध्या) is the name of a meter belonging to the Gāyatrī class of Dhruvā (songs) described in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32:—“the metre which has in its feet of six syllables the first two and the last two long, is gāyatrī”.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
1) Tanumadhyā (तनुमध्या) refers to one of the 27 metres mentioned in the Suvṛttatilaka ascribed to Kṣemendra (11th century). The Suvṛttatilaka is a monumental work of Sanskrit prosody considered as unique in its nature. In this work Kṣemendra neither introduces any new metre nor discusses all the metres used in his time. He discusses 27 popular metres (eg., Tanumadhyā) which were used frequently by the poets.
2) Tanumadhyā (तनुमध्या) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (eg., Tanumadhyā) in 20 verses.
3) Tanumadhyā (तनुमध्या) refers to one of the seventy-two sama-varṇavṛtta (regular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 334th chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (eg., the tanu-madhyā metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Tanumadhya (तनुमध्य).—a. having a slender waist.
-dhyam the waist.
-dhyā a metre.
Tanumadhya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tanu and madhya (मध्य).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-dhyā) 1. A woman with a slender or elegant waist. 2. A species of the Gayatri metre. E. tanu, and madhya middle.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Tanumadhya (तनुमध्य).—adj., f. yā, having a slender waist, [Nala] 3, 13.
Tanumadhya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tanu and madhya (मध्य).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Tanumadhya (तनुमध्य).—1. [neuter] the middle of the body, waist.
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Tanumadhya (तनुमध्य).—2. [adjective] having a slender waist.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Tanumadhya (तनुमध्य):—[=tanu-madhya] [from tanu > tan] n. ‘body-middle’, the waist, [ib.]
2) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n. = dhyama, [Nalopākhyāna iii, 13]
3) Tanumadhyā (तनुमध्या):—[=tanu-madhyā] [from tanu-madhya > tanu > tan] f. a metre of 4 x 6 (- u u - -) syllables.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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