Susvara, Su-svara, Susvarā: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Susvara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Susvarā (सुस्वरा).—A Gandharva woman. (See under Pramohinī).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Susvara (सुस्वर) (lit. “one who has a melodious voice”) is a synonym (another name) for Garuḍa, according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

1) Susvara (सुस्वर) is the name of a Tathāgata (Buddha) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Susvara).

2) Susvara (सुस्वर) is also the name of a Kinnara mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

3) Susvarā (सुस्वरा) is also the name of a Yakṣiṇī mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Susvarā (सुस्वरा) is the name of a bell, according to chapter 2.2 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly: “[...] then the bells, [i.e., Susvarā], belonging respectively to the Nagas, etc., of the two divisions of the Bhavanapatis, rang, struck three times by generals named Bhadrasena belonging to Dharaṇa, etc., and by those named Dakṣa belonging to Bhūtānanda, etc. Then all the Nāgas, etc., of the two rows came instantly each to his own Indra, like horses to their own stables. At their command their respective Ābhiyogika-gods created at once cars variegated with jewels and gold, twenty-five thousand yojanas square, with indradhvajas of two hundred and fifty yojanas. [...]”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Susvara (सुस्वर) refers to a “melodious voice” and represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by the melodious voice (susvara) body-making karma? The rise of which causes a living being to have sweet and likable voice by others is called melodious voice body-making karmas. 

The opposite-pair of susvara (melodious voice) is duḥsvara (harsh voice).

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

susvara (सुस्वर).—n (S) A musical or pleasant note, tone, or sound.

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susvara (सुस्वर).—a (S) Of a good tone or musical sound.

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susvara (सुस्वर).—f (Commonly susara) An alligator. Pr. taḷyācyā āśēnēṃ susvara mēlī.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

susvara (सुस्वर).—m A musical note. f An alliga- tor. a Of a good tone.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Susvara (सुस्वर).—a.

1) melodious, harmonious.

2) loud. °यन्त्रकम् (yantrakam) a kind of musical instrument; युता सुस्वरयन्त्रकैः (yutā susvarayantrakaiḥ) Śukra.1.247.

Susvara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and svara (स्वर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Susvara (सुस्वर).—adj. loud, Chr. 12, 28.

Susvara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and svara (स्वर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Susvara (सुस्वर).—[adjective] sounding well or loud; [neuter] [adverb]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Susvara (सुस्वर):—[=su-svara] [from su > su-saṃyata] m. the right tone or accent, [Śikṣā]

2) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n. having a beautiful voice, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n. well-sounding, harmonious, melodious (am ind.), [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n. loud (am ind.), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] m. a conch, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Garuḍa, [Mahābhārata]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Susvara (सुस्वर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Susara, Sussara, Sussarā, Sūsara.

[Sanskrit to German]

Susvara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Susvara in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Susvara (सुस्वर):—(a and nm) melodious voice/tune; hence ~[] (nf).

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Susvara (ಸುಸ್ವರ):—[noun] a melodious, pleasing note or sound.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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