Surashtra, aka: Surāṣṭra, Su-rashtra; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Surashtra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Surāṣṭra can be transliterated into English as Surastra or Surashtra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana

[Surashtra in Purana glossaries]

1a) Surāṣṭra (सुराष्ट्र).—A western kingdom visited by Vidura from the Sarasvatī. Its king attacked the eastern side of Gomanta with Jarāsandha.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 16. 62; Matsya-purāṇa 163. 72. Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 1. 24; X 52. 11 [5].

1b) Of the south.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 131.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

[Surashtra in Arthashastra glossaries]

Surāṣṭra (सुराष्ट्र).—In Kauṭilya’s Arthaśāstra, Surāṣṭras are mentioned as one of the corporations of warriors who lived by agriculture and trade. According to the Arthaśāstra the elephants of Surāṣṭra were inferior to those belonging to Aṅga and Kaliṅga.

(Source): archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions (artha)
Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[Surashtra in Kavya glossaries]

Surāṣṭra (सुराष्ट्र) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—Kaṭhiāwāḍ and other portion of northern most Gujarat.

(Source): Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Surashtra in Itihasa glossaries]

Surāṣṭra (सुराष्ट्र) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.86.16, VI.10.47, V.72.14, VIII.30.73) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Surāṣṭra) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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India history and geogprahy

[Surashtra in India history glossaries]

Surāṣṭra (सुराष्ट्र) is place name ending in Rāṣṭra mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism.

Surāṣṭra is used in plural while in it is [also] an adjective of avani (land). Surāṣṭra corresponds with Southern Kathiawar with its Prakrit name Soraṭh. Literally the name means a good country. It was so named probably on account of the naturalfertility of the land, Sorath is well known for rich crops of all kinds, and splendid cattle. Surāṣṭra is mentioned in the Junāgaṛh Rock Inscription of Rudradāman I (A.D. 150). It was governed by Puṣyagupta, under Candragupta Maurya and by a Yavana Tuṣāspa under Aśoka.

The Purāṇas and the Kāvyamīmāṃsā mention Surāṣṭra as a country in the west while the Bṛhatsaṃhitā mentions it as a country in the South. It may be due to the different geographical units made by the authors of the Kāvyamīmāṃsā  and the Bṛhatsaṃhitā. Under Gupta emperors Bāmanasthalī (modern Banthali) was the capital of Surāṣṭra, before Valabhī became its capital. In the medieval period, in three directions, Bhavanagar, Porabandar and Somanath (the famous temple) were the limits of Surāṣṭra.

(Source): archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Surashtra in Marathi glossaries]

surāṣṭra (सुराष्ट्र).—m S (The good territory or district.) The province of Surat.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

surāṣṭra (सुराष्ट्र).—n The province of Surat.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Surashtra in Sanskrit glossaries]

Surāṣṭra (सुराष्ट्र).—Name of a country on the western side of India (Surat). °जम् (jam) a kind of poison.

2) a sort of black bean (Mar. tūra). °ब्रह्मः (brahmaḥ) a Brāhmaṇa of Surāṣṭra.

Derivable forms: surāṣṭram (सुराष्ट्रम्).

Surāṣṭra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and rāṣṭra (राष्ट्र).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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