Svamin, Svāmin, Svāmi, Svami: 23 definitions

Introduction:

Svamin means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Svāmin (स्वामिन्) refers to the man riding in the chariot (yāna). It can also be spelled as Svāmi. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya, verse 8.293-294)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Svāmin (स्वामिन्, “sire”) refers to a specific “mode of address” (nāman) used in drama (nāṭya), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 19. Svāmin is used to address crown-princes.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Svāmi (स्वामि, “master”) refers to a term to be used by women in love addressing their beloved during amorous union, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. Accordingly, “he who is a well-wisher of his beloved woman, is able to protect her, is not conceited or jealous, is always alert on every occasion, is called ‘master’ (svāmi)”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (artha)

Svāmin (स्वामिन्) refers to “one’s master”, according to the Arthaśāstra verse 1.9.9-10.—Accordingly, “He should appoint as chaplain a man who comes from a very distinguished family and has an equally distinguished character, who is thoroughly trained in the Veda together with the limbs, in divine omens, and in government, and who could counteract divine and human adversities through Atharvan means. He should follow him as a pupil his teacher, a son his father, and a servant his master (svāmin)”.

Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (tantric Buddhism)

Svāmin (स्वामिन्) refers to a “lord”, according to the Bhūśalyasūtrapātananimittavidhi section of Jagaddarpaṇa’s Ācāryakriyāsamuccaya, a text within Tantric Buddhism dealing with construction manual for monasteries etc.—Accordingly, “[...] [The officiant] should examine omens. If a cord is cut, the death of a master [will take place]. If the cries of a jackal, a vulture and a heron [are heard], then the death of a lord (svāmin) [will] definitely [take place]. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra

Svāmi (स्वामि, “owner”).—The soul which owns telepathy (manaḥparyaya) is its ‘owner’ (svāmi). according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 1.25, “Telepathy (manaḥparyaya) and clairvoyance (avadhi) differ with regard to purity (viśuddhi), spatial-range, and species of the knower (svāmi) and the nature of the objects identified by them”.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Svāmin (स्वामिन्) refers to a “master”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “That very same doctrine, which is devoted to the helpless, is a preceptor and a friend, and the doctrine is a master (svāmin) and a brother. It is a protector without a motive. This doctrine saves the three worlds [from] sinking into the pit of hell. Also, it confers happiness beyond the senses for corporeal [souls]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Svāmin.—(IE 8-3; EI 24; CII 3; LL), royal title probably of foreign origin, assumed by the kings of Śaka-Kuṣāṇa ex- traction; adopted by indigenous rulers like the Śātavāhanas. Cf. Śāmi (SITI), the king. Cf. Vihāra-svāmin (founder or master of a monastery), etc. (EI 7), same as Svāmi-Mahāsena, i. e. Kārttikeya. (EI 23), designation of the member of a guild. (EI 5), cf. ‘the 500 Svāmins of Aiholĕ’; probably meaning the Māheśvaras. Cf. svāmi-vāram (SITI), land-lord's share; same as Tamil mel-vāram. Note: svāmin is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

Svāmī (स्वामी).—m (S) A master or lord, the master or lord of: also the proprietor or owner of. Applied to the Deity, a god, a king or prince, a spiritual preceptor, a husband, a holy personage, a learned Brahman, a Gosaawi, Sanyasi &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

Svāmī (स्वामी).—m A master, lord; the owner of.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svāmin (स्वामिन्).—a. (- f.) [स्व अस्त्यर्थे मिनि दीर्घः (sva astyarthe mini dīrghaḥ)] Possessing proprietory rights. -m.

1) A proprietor, an owner.

2) A lord, master; रघुस्वामिनः सच्चरित्रम् (raghusvāminaḥ saccaritram) Vikr.18.17.

4) A sovereign, king, monarch.

5) A husband.

6) A spiritual preceptor.

7) A learned Brāhmana, an ascetic or religious man of the highest order; (in this sense usually added to proper names).

8) An epithet of Kārtikeya.

9) Of Viṣṇu.

1) Of Śiva.

11) Of the sage Vātsyāyana.

12) Of Garuḍa.

13) The sacrificer, the owner (at a yāga); योऽर्थी स्वत्यागेन ऋत्विजः परिक्रीणीते, यश्च स्वं प्रदेयं त्यजति स स्वामी (yo'rthī svatyāgena ṛtvijaḥ parikrīṇīte, yaśca svaṃ pradeyaṃ tyajati sa svāmī) ŚB. on MS.6.3. 21; तस्मान्न स्वामिनः प्रतिनिधिः (tasmānna svāminaḥ pratinidhiḥ) ibid.

14) The image or temple of a god.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svāmin (स्वामिन्).—mfn. (-mī-minī-mi) Owner, proprietor, master or mistress, &c. m. (-mī) 1. A master, a lord. 2. A sovereign, a prince, a monarch. 3. A husband, a lover. 4. A spiritual preceptor. 5. A learned Brahman or Pandit. 6. An ascetic or religious man of the highest order, (in this sense generally an addition to proper names.) 7. Kartikeya. 8. Vishnu. 9. Siva. 10. The Muni Vatsyayana. 11. A name of Garuda. E. sva own, āminac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svāmin (स्वामिन्).—i. e. sva + min, m. 1. A proprietor. 2. A master, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 328. 3. A sovereign, [Hitopadeśa] 3, 4, M. M. 4. A husband, [Hitopadeśa] 87, 9, M. M.; a lover. 5. A spiritual preceptor. 6. A learned Brāhmaṇa. 7. Viṣṇu, Śiva, Kārttikeya, the god of war, Garuḍa, a fabulous bird. 8. In comp. it signifies often a sanctuary built by, or in honour of those who are denoted in the former part of the comp.; e. g. avanti-, m. a sanctuary built by Avantivarman, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 45. abhimanyu-, m. A sanctuary built in commemoration of Abhimanyu, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 6, 299. dharma-, m. A sanctuary built by Dharma, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 4, 696. viṣṇu-, A sanctuary built in honour of Viṣṇu, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 99.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svāmin (स्वामिन्).—[masculine] owner, proprietor, master, lord; [feminine] .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Svāmin (स्वामिन्) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—pupil of Ananyānubhavasvāmin: Dakṣiṇāmūrtistotrārthapratipādakanibandha or Mānasollāsa (?). P. 22. Pañcapādikāvivaraṇa. Laukikanyāyamuktāvalī. Śārīrakamīmāṃsānyāyasaṃgraha, a
—[commentary] on the Brahmasūtra.

Svāmin has the following synonyms: Prakāśātman yati.

2) Svāmin (स्वामिन्):—abbreviated from Kṣīrasvāmin and Śabarasvāmin, and of a few other names ending in svāmin.

3) Svāmin (स्वामिन्):—Devībhāgavatapurāṇaṭīkā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Svāmin (स्वामिन्):—[from sva] a See p. 1284, col. 1.

2) b m. ([from] 1. sva + min) an owner, proprietor, master, lord or owner of ([genitive case] [locative case], or [compound]), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) a chief, commander (of an army), [Vikramorvaśī; Subhāṣitāvali]

4) a husband, lover ([dual number] ‘husband and wife’), [Āpastamba; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) a king, prince (in [dramatic language] used as a form of address = deva)

6) a spiritual preceptor, learned Brāhman or Pandit (used as a title at the end of names, [especially] of natives of the Carnatic)

7) the image or temple of a god (often ifc.; See śrīdhara-, viṣṇu-sv etc.)

8) Name of Skanda, [Yājñavalkya i, 293]

9) of Viṣṇu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) of Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) of Garuḍa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) of the Muni Vātsyāyana, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) of the 11th Arhat of the past Utsarpiṇī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) of various authors (also with miśra and śāstrin; sometimes abridged from names ending in svāmin e.g. for kṣīraand śabara-svāmin), [Catalogue(s)]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svāmi (स्वामि):—[from svāmin] in [compound] for svāmin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svāmin (स्वामिन्):—(mī) 5. m. A master, a husband; a proprietor, king; a god; Kārtikeya; Shiva.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Svāmin (स्वामिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Sāmi, Sāmia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Svamin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Svāmī (स्वामी) [Also spelled swami]:—(nm) master, lord; proprietor, owner; husband; a title used with the name of saints and ascetics (as [svāmī dayānaṃda]); ~[mibhakta] loyal, faithful; ~[mi-bhakti] loyalty, faithfulness.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Svāmi (ಸ್ವಾಮಿ):—

1) [noun] a lord; a master; an employer.

2) [noun] a god.

3) [noun] a ruler; a king.

4) [noun] a man as he is related to his wife; husband.

5) [noun] a spiritual teacher.

6) [noun] a learned brāhmaṇa.

7) [noun] a monk or sage.

8) [noun] Ṣaṇmukha, the son of Śiva.

9) [noun] Śiva.

10) [noun] Viṣṇu.

11) [noun] Garuḍa, the king of birds and the ehicle of Viṣṇu.

12) [noun] the sage Vātsyāyana.

13) [noun] the medium-sized tree Soymida febrifuga of Meliaceae family; bastard cedar; Indian redwood.

14) [noun] a respectful mode of addressing men or used in the solutation in a letter.

15) [noun] (hist.) a member of a merchants' association or union.

16) [noun] ಸ್ವಾಮಿ ಪಾದ ಸೇರು [svami pada seru] svāmi pāda sēru to die; to pass away.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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