Svamin, Svāmin: 9 definitions

Introduction

Svamin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Svāmin (स्वामिन्) refers to the man riding in the chariot (yāna). It can also be spelled as Svāmi. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya, verse 8.293-294)

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Svāmin (स्वामिन्, “sire”) refers to a specific “mode of address” (nāman) used in drama (nāṭya), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 19. Svāmin is used to address crown-princes.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Svāmin.—(IE 8-3; EI 24; CII 3; LL), royal title probably of foreign origin, assumed by the kings of Śaka-Kuṣāṇa ex- traction; adopted by indigenous rulers like the Śātavāhanas. Cf. Śāmi (SITI), the king. Cf. Vihāra-svāmin (founder or master of a monastery), etc. (EI 7), same as Svāmi-Mahāsena, i. e. Kārttikeya. (EI 23), designation of the member of a guild. (EI 5), cf. ‘the 500 Svāmins of Aiholĕ’; probably meaning the Māheśvaras. Cf. svāmi-vāram (SITI), land-lord's share; same as Tamil mel-vāram. Note: svāmin is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svāmin (स्वामिन्).—a. (- f.) [स्व अस्त्यर्थे मिनि दीर्घः (sva astyarthe mini dīrghaḥ)] Possessing proprietory rights. -m.

1) A proprietor, an owner.

2) A lord, master; रघुस्वामिनः सच्चरित्रम् (raghusvāminaḥ saccaritram) Vikr.18.17.

4) A sovereign, king, monarch.

5) A husband.

6) A spiritual preceptor.

7) A learned Brāhmana, an ascetic or religious man of the highest order; (in this sense usually added to proper names).

8) An epithet of Kārtikeya.

9) Of Viṣṇu.

1) Of Śiva.

11) Of the sage Vātsyāyana.

12) Of Garuḍa.

13) The sacrificer, the owner (at a yāga); योऽर्थी स्वत्यागेन ऋत्विजः परिक्रीणीते, यश्च स्वं प्रदेयं त्यजति स स्वामी (yo'rthī svatyāgena ṛtvijaḥ parikrīṇīte, yaśca svaṃ pradeyaṃ tyajati sa svāmī) ŚB. on MS.6.3. 21; तस्मान्न स्वामिनः प्रतिनिधिः (tasmānna svāminaḥ pratinidhiḥ) ibid.

14) The image or temple of a god.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svāmin (स्वामिन्).—mfn. (-mī-minī-mi) Owner, proprietor, master or mistress, &c. m. (-mī) 1. A master, a lord. 2. A sovereign, a prince, a monarch. 3. A husband, a lover. 4. A spiritual preceptor. 5. A learned Brahman or Pandit. 6. An ascetic or religious man of the highest order, (in this sense generally an addition to proper names.) 7. Kartikeya. 8. Vishnu. 9. Siva. 10. The Muni Vatsyayana. 11. A name of Garuda. E. sva own, āminac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svāmin (स्वामिन्).—i. e. sva + min, m. 1. A proprietor. 2. A master, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 328. 3. A sovereign, [Hitopadeśa] 3, 4, M. M. 4. A husband, [Hitopadeśa] 87, 9, M. M.; a lover. 5. A spiritual preceptor. 6. A learned Brāhmaṇa. 7. Viṣṇu, Śiva, Kārttikeya, the god of war, Garuḍa, a fabulous bird. 8. In comp. it signifies often a sanctuary built by, or in honour of those who are denoted in the former part of the comp.; e. g. avanti-, m. a sanctuary built by Avantivarman, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 45. abhimanyu-, m. A sanctuary built in commemoration of Abhimanyu, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 6, 299. dharma-, m. A sanctuary built by Dharma, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 4, 696. viṣṇu-, A sanctuary built in honour of Viṣṇu, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 99.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Svāmin (स्वामिन्):—[from sva] a See p. 1284, col. 1.

2) b m. ([from] 1. sva + min) an owner, proprietor, master, lord or owner of ([genitive case] [locative case], or [compound]), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) a chief, commander (of an army), [Vikramorvaśī; Subhāṣitāvali]

4) a husband, lover ([dual number] ‘husband and wife’), [Āpastamba; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) a king, prince (in [dramatic language] used as a form of address = deva)

6) a spiritual preceptor, learned Brāhman or Pandit (used as a title at the end of names, [especially] of natives of the Carnatic)

7) the image or temple of a god (often ifc.; See śrīdhara-, viṣṇu-sv etc.)

8) Name of Skanda, [Yājñavalkya i, 293]

9) of Viṣṇu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) of Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) of Garuḍa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) of the Muni Vātsyāyana, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) of the 11th Arhat of the past Utsarpiṇī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) of various authors (also with miśra and śāstrin; sometimes abridged from names ending in svāmin e.g. for kṣīraand śabara-svāmin), [Catalogue(s)]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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